Presentation on theme: "COURAGEOUS FAITH AND CLEAR DOCTRINE (PGS. 64-81) Chapter 4: Gold Tested in Fire."— Presentation transcript:
COURAGEOUS FAITH AND CLEAR DOCTRINE (PGS. 64-81) Chapter 4: Gold Tested in Fire
Journal Read the story of Blandina pgs. 65-66 Cassie Bernall Flyleaf – Cassie Questions: Do you think you would have done the same? Why or why not? What are you willing to die for, if anything? Why?
Courageous Faith Amid the Fires of Persecution The Roman Demand for Conformity Periodic Persecutions Well-known Early Martyrs Ignatius of Antioch Justin Church Structures and Roles Develop Bishops Deacons and Deaconesses The Bishop of Rome as Peters Successor Barbarians Threaten the Empires Order
Courageous Faith… contd The Decline into Chaos No Tolerance for Nonconformity Diocletians Persecutions Held off barbarians Reorganized the government Demanded complete conformity Ordered churches to be destroyed, sacred books to be burned, leaders to be executed Christians Who Sacrificed to Idols: What to Do? Christians on the Brink of a Revolution FOR REVIEW PG. 72
Constantines Conversion: A New Era for the Church A Claim of Victory Through the Son of God Christianity Becomes Legal The Edict of Milan Freedom of worship to Christians in Rome A New Capital for a Fresh Start Moved to Byzantium = New Rome = Constantinople Church and State Entwined The Official Religion of the Empire Emperor Theodosius declares paganism illegal
Clarity of Doctrine Amid the Fires of Heresy Gnosticism: A Denial of Jesus Humanity Apostles Creed Arianism: A Denial of Jesus Divinity Neither Divine nor Human The Council of Nicaea and the Nicene Creed A Note on Heresy Arianism as a Political Football Athanasius: Jesus as the Brilliant Reflection of God FOR REVIEW PG. 80
The Creeds Apostles I believe in God, the Father almighty, creator of heaven and earth. I believe in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord. He was conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit and born of the Virgin Mary. He suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried. He descended into hell. On the third day he rose again. He ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father. He will come again to judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Spirit, the Holy Catholic Church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and life everlasting. Amen. Nicene I believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and invisible. And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, begotten of the Father before all worlds; God of God, Light of Light, very God of very God; begotten, not made, being of one substance with the Father, by whom all things were made. Who, for us men and for our salvation, came down from heaven, and was incarnate by the Holy Spirit of the virgin Mary, and was made man; and was crucified also for us under Pontius Pilate; He suffered and was buried; and the third day He rose again, according to the Scriptures; and ascended into heaven, and sits on the right hand of the Father; and He shall come again, with glory, to judge the quick and the dead; whose kingdom shall have no end. And I believe in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and Giver of Life; who proceeds from the Father and the Son; who with the Father and the Son together is worshipped and glorified; who spoke by the prophets. And I believe in one holy catholic and apostolic Church. I acknowledge one baptism for the remission of sins; and I look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come. Amen.