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David D Wood, MSIE, CPE www.ErgoDave.com CPE LLC.

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Presentation on theme: "David D Wood, MSIE, CPE www.ErgoDave.com CPE LLC."— Presentation transcript:

1 David D Wood, MSIE, CPE CPE LLC

2  Definitions  Symptoms  Observations  Improvements (Get NEUTRAL; Take BREAKS)  General  Eyes, Neck, Shoulders, Wrists, Back, Legs/feet

3  Fitting the task to the person  “An applied science concerned with designing and arranging things people use so that the people and things interact most efficiently and safely —called also biotechnology, human engineering, human factors” (Merriam- Webster’s)  Controlling fatigue

4  Force  Posture  Repetition  Secondary  Cold  Vibration  Static positions  Impact/contact stress F R P Overall Ergo Risk R P

5  Neck:  Back:  Shoulder:  Hand/forearm:  Legs:

6 Wind screen Throttle Rocker Low seat pan Floor boards Highway bars Heel and toe shifters Back rest

7  Increasing age  Previous injury  Tobacco use  Arthritis  Diabetes 91/workplaces-feel-the-impact-of-obesity M. Hagberg, B.A. Silverstein, R.P. Wells, R. Smith, P. Carayon, H. Hendrick, M. Pe´russe, I. Kuorinka, L. Forcier (Eds.), Workrelated musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD): A handbook for prevention, Taylor and Francis, London, UK, 1995.

8 1) Find discomfort area(s) 2) Observe (check for symptom/posture match) 3) Discuss improvement ideas

9  “What’s bothering you?”  Symptom Survey  Self Assessment

10 DHHS (NIOSH) Publication Number /97-117/pdfs/ pdf

11 pdf/pubs/1863.pdf Select 10 to 20 questions From pages 38 to 43

12  Observe the person working for 5 minutes  Write observations  Do any postures or actions match the symptoms?  List improvement ideas  Note current good things

13 Back supported Feet supported Hands on task Neck/shoulders neutral /pdf/pubs/1863.pdf

14  Get NEUTRAL  Neck/shoulders  Back  Wrists/forearms  Feet/legs  Take BREAKS  Frequency  Duration  Apps  Working  Stretch

15  Eyes  20/20/20 rule  Cupping  Working  Standing/walking meetings  Visit someone instead IM/  Stand during phone calls  Reminders  Smart phone apps  Lotus notes - Outlook  Kitchen timer  Buddy system users-to-take-those-breaks.html?pagewanted=all&src=pm says-breaks-are-good-for-productivity/260747/

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17 1) Do the opposite 2) Slow and gentle 3) Stop and hold (15 to 30 seconds) 4) No pain

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19  Free (work methods)  Use larger font  Breaks  20/20/20 rule  Adjust distance to screen  Adjust back support  Wear a baseball cap  Adjust fan away from eyes  $ (equipment)  Anti-glare filters  Improve glasses  More screen space  Increase lighting  Decrease lighting  Read/dictation software

20  Free (work methods)  Breaks  Adjust distance to screen  Center, adjust LCD height  Adjust back support  Bring elbows in  Use speaker phone  Use larger font  $ (equipment)  Head set  Monitor arm  Improve glasses  Read/dictation software

21  Free (work methods)  Breaks  Adjust desk height  Adjust keyboard tray height  Adjust back support  Move mouse and keyboard in  Keep elbows in  $ (equipment)  Install keyboard tray  Headset  Read/dictation software

22  Free (work methods)  Adjust back support  Breaks  Go for walks  Stand occasionally  Adjust distance to screen  $ (equipment)  Foot rest  Repair chair  Buy lumbar cushion  Buy better chair  Buy seat pan cushion cuments/user_information/Aeron_Chairs_adjustment_guide.pdf

23  Free (work methods)  Breaks  Opposite hand mousing  Use quick keys  Ctrl-Z undo  Ctrl-X cut  Ctrl-Ccopy  Ctrl-Vpaste  $ (equipment)  Keyboard rest  Mouse rest  Ergo Keyboard  Ergo Mouse  Read/dictation software

24  Free (work methods)  Breaks, go for walks  Adjust seat pan length  Adjust desk, tray height  Work standing occasionally  Don’t sit on feet  Clear out space under desk  $ (equipment)  Foot rest  Sit/stand work station  Keyboard ht adjusts 16+ inches  Monitor arm oard+tray&tag=googhydr-20&index=office- products&hvadid= &hvpos=1t2&hvexid=&hvnetw=s& hvrand= &hvpone=&hvptwo=&hvqmt=b&ref =pd_sl_2lspjk1092_b

25 q=sit+stand+workstation&oq=sit+stand+&gs_l=img.3.0.0l7j0i24l ac.1.7.img.gfI2RvOGcQs

26  Lower cost  2 boxes (emergency/temp)  LCD  Keyboard mouse  If adjustable tray already there  Raise desk 3 to 6 inches  Raise tray to stand  Lower to sit  If chair can have tall cylinder  Raise desk to elbow height  Get factory foot rest  Higher Cost  Extended range adjustable keyboard tray (and monitor arm)  Height adjustable desk

27  Listen to understand WHAT symptoms/concerns exist  Look for postures to explain WHY symptoms might be occurring  Discuss HOW the person can change  Get NEUTRAL  Adjust current set-up, consider prudent equipment upgrades  Take BREAKS

28 David D Wood, MSIE, CPE CPE LLC

29 NIOSHhttp://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/ergonomics Cornellhttp://ergo.human.cornell.edu/cutools.html National OSHA Office Ergo guidehttp://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/computerworkstations/ Oregon OSHA Office ergo guidehttp://www.orosha.org/pdf/pubs/1863.pdf


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