2What is Ergonomics? Ergonomics: a discipline that involves arranging the environment to fit the person in it.When applied correctly to the work environment, visual and musculoskeletal discomfort and fatigue are reduced significantly.
3Repetitive Stress Injuries Are injuries that result from excessive and repeated physical stress on the musculoskeletal systemHandsWristsElbowsShouldersNeckBack
4Topics General Concepts Posture Chair and seating Features Adjustments MonitorKeyboard and mouse
5General Ergonomic Concepts Change Posture throughout the day.Ensure adequate under desk clearance.
6General Ergonomic Concepts Light reflects off monitors, causing glare and eye fatigue.Avoid office clutter.
7General Ergonomic Concepts Avoid reaching. Keep your tools within a comfortable “reach envelope.”
8PostureForearms held horizontally at about a right angle at the elbow, shoulders relaxedWrists in a neutral (straight) postureBackrest supporting lower back, pelvis and natural curve of spineThighs resting horizontallyFeet fully supported by the floor/footrest.
9Sitting upright or forward Main issuesSitting upright or forwardNot changing position
10Neutral Posture 8000 Series Chairs and SeatingThere is no one perfect chair that fits all people.Neutral Posture 8000 SeriesGlobal 4430
11Chairs and SeatingBody types, sizes, disabilities and personal preferences all affect the choice of a chair.Wide array of ergonomic chairsDiffer in the types of adjustments, how the adjustments are made, and how the chair is constructedCost is the primary factor in determining chair selection - can exceed $1,000 for a good ergonomic chair
34MonitorMonitor screen should be set where top line of text is at eye levelDon’t use several colors at one time.Use extreme contrasts, ie) blue and red, as eyes won’t tire as quickly.Blue shouldn’t be used for small letters or numbers. Eyes can’t easily on small blue print.Don’t use yellow or green – causes a vibrating effect.
35Keyboard and MouseKeyboard at a height where wrists are straight when fingers are on middle row of keys (if palms or wrists bend or drop when typing, a palm or wrist support may be needed to be used during rests from keying)
36Workstation arrangement Arrange phone, reference books, pens, documentsand materials used oftenin primary work zone (area within 12 inches of you) to minimize reaching. Items occasionally used should go into secondary zone (area inches from you)
37Leisure TimeConsider type of activities pursued in leisure time and whether it adds to or combats cumulative effect of work.Eg: Exercise and activity that loosen the shoulder and neck muscles reduce effect of computer work. Activities such as knitting or playing computer games can add to neck and shoulder stiffness