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Ergonomic Essentials Presented by: Sandra Shortt, RN Kathryn Carnegis February 19, 2004.

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Presentation on theme: "Ergonomic Essentials Presented by: Sandra Shortt, RN Kathryn Carnegis February 19, 2004."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Ergonomic Essentials Presented by: Sandra Shortt, RN Kathryn Carnegis February 19, 2004

3 In the News … President Bush Cites Federal Workplace Injuries Associated Press - Fri, Jan. 09, 2004 WASHINGTON - Workplace injuries by federal employees cost: More than $2 billion in workers' compensation losses 168,000 injury claims 2 million lost production days a year "Clearly, government agencies should strive to do more to improve workplace safety and health and reduce the costs of injury to workers and taxpayers," Bush said in a memo to federal executives. “Many workplace injuries are preventable."

4 Overview Definitions Symptoms Risk Factors Prevention  Workstation Workout  Workstation Setup Team Project Resources & Questions

5 Definitions Ergonomics Musculoskeletal Disorders Repetitive Stress Disorder

6 Symptoms Numbness or Tingling  Arm  Hands  Fingers Range of Motion Reduction  Shoulder  Arm  Hand

7 Symptoms (continued) Swelling  Joint  Muscle Weakened Grip Weakness or Pain  Neck  Shoulders  Back  Arm  Wrist  Hand

8 Symptoms (continued) Vision Problems  Blurring  Difficulty Focusing  Headaches  Fatigue

9 Risk Factors 1. Repetitive motion 2. Confined or awkward workspace 3. Lifting and carrying heavy objects 4. Routinely working with power tools !

10 Prevention Seek early diagnosis and treatment for symptoms Stretch everyday (sigh … ) Optimize your work environment  Layout  Equipment

11 Temporary Relief Ibuprofen for pain and swelling Alternating ice/heat on affected area Consult physician promptly if symptoms persist

12 Workstation Workout Vision  Focus exercise  Eye rolling  Cup palms over closed eyes Hands and Wrists  Finger stretch & fist  Fingertip exercises  Thumb pull * Frequent mini-exercise breaks are recommended

13 Workstation Workout (continued) Neck and Back  Head bends (side to side, forward and back)  Head turn  Arms crossed at shoulders & shrug  Arch with linked hands behind back  Full extension (arms & legs as far out as you can)

14 WorkStation Setup Neutral Posture Frequent Breaks Zones  User  Equipment

15 User Setup Chair  Seat height & tilt  Knees bent at 90 0  Feet flat  Arms flat on desk  Lower back against chair back Monitor  28-24” away from you  Tilt to reduce glare Keyboard & Mouse  Placed so that shoulders are relaxed  Upper arms at sides  Hands level with wrists Office Supplies & Phone  Place these items out of armspread reach

16 Equipment Keyboard position Mouse position

17 Optional Equipment Eyestrain or Headaches  Document Holder  Anti-glare eyeglasses  Anti-glare filters

18 Optional Equipment (continued) Wrist or Hand Discomfort  Wrist rest  Wheeled mouse  Ergonomic keyboard  Wrist gloves

19 Optional Equipment (continued) Back, Neck or Shoulder Discomfort  Armed Chair  Keyboard Tray  Footrest  Back support  Telephone headset

20 Team Project Break into groups of 3-4 people Take turns arranging the workspace to “fit” each of you Review recommendations

21 Resources and Questions ? ergo.human.cornell.edu


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