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© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0903 Session Objectives Define ergonomics and MSDs Identify ergonomic risk factors Recognize MSD symptoms Set up your workstation to minimize stress and strain Perform tasks safely and avoid injuries and illness
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0903 JOB WORKER REDUCE INJURIES AND ILLNESSES Engineering and Administrative Controls What Is Ergonomics and Why Is It Important to You? Science of fitting job to worker Reduces exposure to MSD risk factors Involves engineering and administrative controls
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0903 Injuries or disorders involving: Muscles Tendons and ligaments Joints Cartilage Blood vessels Nerves What Are MSDs?
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0903 What Are the Risk Factors? Repetition Awkward postures Contact stress Force and vibration
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0903 You may feel pain or swelling in: Hands, Wrists, or Forearms Fingers Elbows Shoulders Neck Back What Are the Signs and Symptoms of MSDs?
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0903 Tightness Stiffness Discomfort Soreness Burning Tingling Coldness Numbness What Will the Pain Be Like? Tightness
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0903 Are There Any Outward Signs? Swollen or inflamed joints Vigorous shaking of hands and wrists Massaging of hands, wrists, or arms Cradling of arms
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0903 What Are Some of the Most Common MSDs? Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Tendinitis Tenosynovitis Thoracic Outlet Syndrome De Quervains Disease Trigger Finger
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0903 What Should You Do if You Experience Symptoms? Report MSD symptoms immediately Seek medical treatment Cooperate in reducing risk factors on the job
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0903 Ergonomics and MSDs: True or False? Ergonomics reduces exposure to MSD risk factors MSDs affect only the wrists An example of an engineering control to prevent MSDs is alternating tasks Report MSD symptoms only after youve seen a doctor
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0903 Ergonomics and MSDs Do you understand: W hat ergonomics is? E rgonomic risk factors? W hat MSDs are? M SD symptoms? M SDs that affect office workers?
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0903 Head vertical and facing forward Tilted head puts stress on neck and shoulders Minimize head rotation Shoulders relaxed Arms tucked close to body No extended reaching Head vertical and facing forward Tilted head puts stress on neck and shoulders Minimize head rotation Shoulders relaxed Arms tucked close to body No extended reaching Computer Workstation: Head and Shoulders
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0903 Computer Workstation: Elbows and Wrists Elbows relaxed and close to the body Elbows not extended forward or backward Wrists in a straight line with lower arms Hands not flexed up or down, or bent inward or outward Elbows relaxed and close to the body Elbows not extended forward or backward Wrists in a straight line with lower arms Hands not flexed up or down, or bent inward or outward
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0903 Computer Workstation: Legs and Feet Knees bent about 90 degrees Thighs parallel to floor Chair at a comfortable height Obstructions removed Feet flat on the floor or on a footrest
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0903 Comfortable Slightly wider than hips/thighs Proper length Adjustable height Adjustable tilt Chair Adjustments: Seat Surface
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0903 Chair Adjustments: Back and Arms Image Credit: Ergogenesis, LLC Backrest with adjustable angle and lumbar support Armrest broad and cushioned to support shoulders, elbows, and wrists Armrests independently adjustable in height and side to side
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0903 Computer Monitor Directly in front of you Arms length away Proper height so head is level Documents placed close to monitor
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0903 Neutral Keyboard Position Elbows close to body and bent about 90 degrees Wrists flat and in line with forearms Hands not angled up/down or turned in/out No wristrest when typing
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0903 Control mouse movement from the elbow Keep wrist straight in neutral position Position the mouse properly Switch mouse to other side if you feel stress Using a Mouse
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0903 Using a Laptop Occasional users –Sacrifice neck posture rather than wrist posture –Sit back in a comfortable chair and adjust laptop Full-time users –Position screen like workstation monitor –Use separate keyboard and mouse
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0903 Break Time Minibreak: Relax your hands Rest break: Do a different task Eye break: Look away and blink
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0903 Hands Finger extensions Wrists Backwards stretch Shoulders Shrug and roll Blade pinch Overhead reach Exercises
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0903 Exercises (cont.) Neck Nod head Turn head Tilt head Back/arms Hands behind head Bend forward Knee to chest Back bend
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0903 Focus on Your Posture Elbows at sides, forearms parallel to floor Wrists in neutral position Good back support Feet flat on floor Head and neck facing forward and straight Relax shoulders
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0903 MSD Prevention: Pick the Right Answer While working on the computer, elbows should be: Computer monitor should be positioned: While youre typing, your wrists should be: Control the mouse with: a. Extended out b. Close to body b. Elbow movements b. Straight b. To one side a. In front of you a. Bent up a. Wrist movements
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0903 MSD Prevention Do you understand: Proper computer workstation setup? Chair adjustments? Neutral keyboard position? Proper use of mouse? Tips for using laptops? Importance of breaks? Stretching exercises to relieve stress and strain?
© Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 0903 Key Points to Remember Most office workers are at risk for MSDs MSDs are caused by stress and strain on your body while you work We use engineering and administrative controls to minimize the risks You can help by following safe work practices and reporting any MSD symptoms
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