2What is ERGONOMICS? Definition: er·go·nom·ics (ûr'gə-nŏm'ĭks): an applied science concerned with designing and arranging things people use so that the people and things interact most efficiently and safely.Goal of Ergonomics:Identify tasks that create unhealthy stress on your body.Prevent injuries by adjusting the way you perform your job.
3Defining ERGONOMICSThe most simple definition is: “Fitting the job to the worker”.The practice of adapting products and processes to human characteristics and capabilities in order to improve people’s well- being and optimize productivity.We must understand:What tasks are being performedWho is performing the tasksWhat is being used to perform the tasks
4Components of a Work Station ChairSeat Height, Seat Angle, Seat Depth, Backrest Height, Backrest Angle, ArmrestsWork surfacePrimary, Secondary & Reference ZoneKeyboard/MouseMonitorDistance, Height, Location & AngleTelephoneEnvironmentLighting, Air Quality, Temperature, Space & NoiseAccessoriesDocument Holders, Footrests, Keyboard Trays & Glare Screens
5Why do we HURT?? Most common factors: Poor posture Lack of movement As employees of the University, it is important that you take responsibility for yourself.If you notice something set-up wrong in your workstation or are feeling pain or discomfort due to working, you need to report it to the Safety Office right away!
6Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) What are MSDs?Serious injuries caused by excessive or repetitive physical demands placed on your body over long periods of time.MSDs can affect any body part that is placed under excessive or repetitive amounts of stress.
7How serious are MSDs in the workplace? MSDs are the most common workplace injury.Image courtesy of whsm.comSerious injuries caused by excessive or repetitive physical demands placed on your body over long periods of time.MSDs can affect any body part that is placed under excessive or repetitive amounts of stress.1 out of every 3 MSDs are serious enough to result in lost time from work.
9Warning Signs and Symptoms of MSDs Weakened grip strengthDecreased range of motionLoss of muscle functionSymptomsPainNumbnessStiffnessBurning or tinglingImage courtesy of stackful-dev.com
10When should I report my symptoms? When in doubt, report your symptoms to the VCSU Safety Office- especially if:Pain is severePain becomes worse over timeSymptoms include numbness or tinglingYour injury keeps you up at nightFile an “Initial Incident Report” and make an appointment to see your DMP.Report any MSD risks and recommendations to the VCSU Safety Office.
11Common Causes of MSDs Heavy lifting Tight/strong gripping Moving heavy objects can damage your spine or strain muscles.Tight/strong grippingTight gripping can strain the muscles and tendons in your hands.Repeated motionsIf you do not let your body rest, any repeated motion can cause MSDs.Awkward positionsExamples: working with your hands over your head, bending your neck or back, kneeling or squatting.VibrationUse of power tools can damage blood vessels in your arms and hands.Contact StressWorking with tools can cause contact stress. Examples: pliers that are not padded and tools with finger grooves.
12How can I prevent MSDs? Look for alternate ways of lifting Increase your grip strengthTake control over motions and how often you make themMake simple equipment adjustmentsTaking precautions to reduce vibrationsWearing proper clothing (padded gloves)
13ERGONOMIC Exercises ERGOCISING! There is software available to download on your computer that you can set-up for a “Stretching Reminder” every 15, 30, 45, or 60 minutes.These exercises give you a break & reduce pain based on your specific ailment.You can find the software at
14SummaryERGONOMIC practices can help to reduce workplace injury, but cannot be effective working alone.You need to take personal responsibility and protect yourself while on the job!Image courtesy of University of Wisconsin
15Contact the VCSU Safety Office: Questions or Concerns?Contact the VCSU Safety Office:OR