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“I am a nationalist. I aimed to free the Jugoslavs.” Gavrilo Princip, July 1914. Des Quinn and Martin Williams Press ‘ESC’ at any time to stop the presentation.

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Presentation on theme: "“I am a nationalist. I aimed to free the Jugoslavs.” Gavrilo Princip, July 1914. Des Quinn and Martin Williams Press ‘ESC’ at any time to stop the presentation."— Presentation transcript:

1 “I am a nationalist. I aimed to free the Jugoslavs.” Gavrilo Princip, July Des Quinn and Martin Williams Press ‘ESC’ at any time to stop the presentation

2 Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, and his wife were assassinated yesterday afternoon in Sarajevo. How could an event such as this have caused chaos within Europe?

3 Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, and his wife were assassinated yesterday afternoon in Sarajevo. How could an event such as this have caused chaos within Europe? The article in the Times newspaper 29 th June, 1914, went on to state: The assassin is described as a high school student who fired a bullet at his victims with fatal effect from an automatic pistol as they were returning from a reception at the Town Hall.

4 The assassin’s name was Gavrilo Princip. He was a nationalist. Who, or what, is a nationalist?

5 The assassin’s name was Gavrilo Princip. He was a nationalist. Who, or what, is a nationalist? Princip wanted Austria-Hungary to allow Jugoslavs, like himself, to have their independence. Why may Princip want independence for the Yugoslavs (people like himself) who were governed by Austria-Hungary?

6 The assassin’s name was Gavrilo Princip. He was a nationalist. Who, or what, is a nationalist? Princip wanted Austria-Hungary to allow Jugoslavs, like himself, to have their independence. Why may Princip want independence for the Yugoslavs (people like himself) who were governed by Austria-Hungary? He believed that Austria Hungary should allow the Jugoslavs to make up their own mind regarding who controlled and governed them.

7 Gavrilo Princip speaking at his trial “I am a Nationalist. As far as Serbia is concerned, it is her duty to free us.”

8 Gavrilo Princip speaking at his trial Gavrilo Princip was from Serbia. There were five other assassins with Princip. They were all Serbians too. The assassins wanted Serbia to help the smaller states within Austria-Hungary break free, to show Austria-Hungary that they should not control people who wanted their independence. “I am a Nationalist. As far as Serbia is concerned, it is her duty to free us.”

9 “I am a Nationalist. As far as Serbia is concerned, it is her duty to free us.” Gavrilo Princip speaking at his trial Why may Austria-Hungary blame Serbia for the murder of the Archduke? If you were from Austria-Hungary what might you think Serbia was trying to do? Gavrilo Princip was from Serbia. There were five other assassins with Princip. They were all Serbians too. The assassins wanted Serbia to help the smaller states within Austria-Hungary break free, to show Austria-Hungary that they should not control people who wanted their independence.

10 “The greatest catastrophe that has ever befallen the Continent of Europe.” Sir Edward Grey, British Foreign Secretary, July, 1914

11 After the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife in Sarajevo in June 1914, people around the world waited for the Austrian response that they knew could plunge Europe into war.

12 Although people may not have been fully aware of the extent of the Alliance System that existed amongst the countries of Europe, they were very aware of the rivalry that existed between nations. People knew that an event, such as the assassination of an heir to the throne of a major European country, may be enough to cause open conflict across the continent and beyond. They were right…

13 After the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife in Sarajevo in June 1914, people around the world waited for the Austrian response that they knew could plunge Europe into war. Although people may not have been fully aware of the extent of the Alliance System that existed amongst the countries of Europe, they were very aware of the rivalry that existed between nations. People knew that an event, such as the assassination of an heir to the throne of a major European country, may be enough to cause open conflict across the continent and beyond. They were right… * Austria declared war on Serbia on the 28 th July, * Russia came to the aid of its ally Serbia by declaring war on Austria. * Germany helped its ally Austria by declaring war on Russia and then attacking Russia’s ally – France. She also later marched through Belgium when attacking France’s northern border. * Great Britain was an ally of France and had also promised to protect Belgium if she were ever attacked. Britain declared war on Germany on the 4 th August, 1914.

14 Will Austria Strike Today? Alarming Reports from Paris. Sir E. Grey’s Plan for Mediation. Germany’s Unwillingness to Take Part. A much more hopeful feeling prevailed on Monday in connection with the Austro-Serbian quarrel, but news was received at an early hour this morning of an alarming nature, which threatens to undo the peace making efforts of Sir E. Grey. Austria has, it is stated from two sources, completed preparations to attack Serbia today. The Western Mail, Tuesday, July 28, 1914

15 Should she do so, it is expected that Russia would at once come to the aid of Serbia, and thus would be precipitated what the British Foreign Secretary on Monday described as the “greatest catastrophe that has ever befallen the Continent of Europe.” Sir Edward Grey announced in the House of Commons on Monday that he had proposed a conference in London between himself and the Ambassadors of the Four Powers not directly interested in the question – with the view to arranging a settlement. France and Italy have assented to this course, but Germany appears unwilling to adopt the proposed plan, holding as the ally of Austria she cannot do so except at Austria’s request. The Western Mail, Tuesday, July 28, 1914

16 The Foreign Secretary regarded Serbia’s reply to the Austrian ultimatum as providing the basis of a settlement, but it is significant that Austria has gone to pains to prove that it is insincere and evasive. How had Britain attempted to maintain peace within Europe during July, 1914? What had been the reaction of Germany and Austria to Britain’s attempts to maintain peace?

17 Austria declared war on Germany declared war on Russia declared war on 28 th July 30 th July 1 st August 3 rd August Germany declared war on Germany invaded Britain declared war on 4 th August Remember the web of alliances that existed within Europe.

18 Austria declared war on Serbia Germany declared war on Russia declared war on 28 th July 30 th July 1 st August 3 rd August Germany declared war on Germany invaded Britain declared war on 4 th August Remember the web of alliances that existed within Europe.

19 Austria declared war on Serbia Germany declared war on Russia declared war on Austria 28 th July 30 th July 1 st August 3 rd August Germany declared war on Germany invaded Britain declared war on 4 th August Remember the web of alliances that existed within Europe.

20 Austria declared war on Serbia Germany declared war on Russia Russia declared war on Austria 28 th July 30 th July 1 st August 3 rd August Germany declared war on Germany invaded Britain declared war on 4 th August Remember the web of alliances that existed within Europe.

21 Austria declared war on Serbia Germany declared war on Russia Russia declared war on Austria 28 th July 30 th July 1 st August 3 rd August Germany declared war on France Germany invaded Britain declared war on 4 th August Remember the web of alliances that existed within Europe.

22 Austria declared war on Serbia Germany declared war on Russia Russia declared war on Austria 28 th July 30 th July 1 st August 3 rd August Germany declared war on France Germany invaded Belgium Britain declared war on 4 th August Remember the web of alliances that existed within Europe.

23 Austria declared war on Serbia Germany declared war on Russia Russia declared war on Austria 28 th July 30 th July 1 st August 3 rd August Germany declared war on France Germany invaded Belgium Britain declared war on Germany 4 th August END Remember the web of alliances that existed within Europe.


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