5What does MAIN mean?Militarism: Building up armed forces, getting ready for war Alliances: Agreements or promises to defend and help another country Imperialism: Trying to build up an Empire Nationalism: Having intense pride in your country, and being willing to defend it
6MAIN and The Great WarMilitarism: Nations in Europe were in an arms race (building up ammunition, etc)Alliances: Everyone was joining a “team” that was against the otherImperialism: Countries in Europe were competing to take over other countries around the worldNationalism: People thought that their country was superior and should be #1
7GermanyGermany wanted to build up her empire. This is known as imperialism. Germany also built up her armed forces. This is nown as militarism.
8BritainAs Britain had the most powerful navy in the world, she was worried about other countries building up their armed forces. We could call this a worry about militarism. Britain, Germany, and other countries were keen to have large empires.
9EuropeEuropean people were very proud of their countries and would defend their country as well as they could. This is called nationalism.
10World War I has begun 1914Triple EntenteALLIED POWERSGreat BritainRussiaFranceTriple AllianceCENTRAL POWERSGermanyAustria-HungaryOttoman Empire
12The SparkArchduke Franz Ferdinand was in Sarajevo, a city in Austria- Hungary. The year was 1914.Ferdinand was heir to the throne. This means he was next in line to be in power.Austria-Hungary would not give the Slavics their independence.Serbia, the country next door, sided with the SlavicsTROUBLE IS BREWINGA man from Serbia (Gavrilo Princip), a country South of Austria-Hungary, shot and killed Ferdinand.He thought that killing the Archduke would set his country free.
13Alliances and the Great War In July , 1914, Austria-Hungary declared war on SerbiaAlliances formedRussia agreed to protect SerbiaGermany was an ally of Austria-HungaryFrance was an ally of RussiaGermany invaded Belgium, an ally of Great Britain, forcing Great Britain to join the warTHE GREAT WAR HAD BEGUN!!
14Alliances at start of WWI Central PowersGermanyAustria-HungaryItalyAllied PowersGreat BritainFranceRussia