Presentation on theme: "Do Now: What are the positives and negatives of war? Group Discussion: + and – of War Notes: Causes of WWI Activities: Maps Project Assignment."— Presentation transcript:
Do Now: What are the positives and negatives of war? Group Discussion: + and – of War Notes: Causes of WWI Activities: Maps Project Assignment
World War I
Europe is about to Explode Militarism Alliances Imperialism Nationalism What was the flame that caused the “powder keg of Europe” to explode?
Militarism: Building up armed forces, getting ready for war Alliances: Agreements or promises to defend and help another country Imperialism: Trying to build up an Empire Nationalism: Having intense pride in your country, and being willing to defend it What does MAIN mean?
Militarism: Nations in Europe were in an arms race (building up ammunition, etc) Alliances: Everyone was joining a “team” that was against the other Imperialism: Countries in Europe were competing to take over other countries around the world Nationalism: People thought that their country was superior and should be #1 MAIN and The Great War
Germany wanted to build up her empire. This is known as imperialism. Germany also built up her armed forces. This is nown as militarism. Germany
As Britain had the most powerful navy in the world, she was worried about other countries building up their armed forces. We could call this a worry about militarism. Britain, Germany, and other countries were keen to have large empires. Britain
European people were very proud of their countries and would defend their country as well as they could. This is called nationalism. Europe
Triple Alliance CENTRAL POWERS Germany Austria-Hungary Ottoman Empire Triple Entente ALLIED POWERS Great Britain Russia France World War I has begun 1914
The Spark Archduke Franz Ferdinand was in Sarajevo, a city in Austria- Hungary. The year was Ferdinand was heir to the throne. This means he was next in line to be in power. Austria-Hungary would not give the Slavics their independence. Serbia, the country next door, sided with the Slavics TROUBLE IS BREWING A man from Serbia (Gavrilo Princip), a country South of Austria-Hungary, shot and killed Ferdinand. He thought that killing the Archduke would set his country free.
In July, 1914, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia Alliances formed Russia agreed to protect Serbia Germany was an ally of Austria-Hungary France was an ally of Russia Germany invaded Belgium, an ally of Great Britain, forcing Great Britain to join the war THE GREAT WAR HAD BEGUN!! Alliances and the Great War
Allied Powers Great Britain France Russia Central Powers Germany Austria-Hungary Italy Alliances at start of WWI