Warm -up Name one country east of Germany. West of Germany. Name one country in the Allied Powers.
Warm -up Name two of the seven on-going causes of WW I. (explosive chart). What year was the Lusitania attacked?
WWI - Background Nationalism –Desire for national identity Alsace-Lorraine Imperialism –Political and economic control over another country Militarism –Build up of military (mobilization)
Explosive Material for WW I French unhappy about the loss Of Alsace and Lorraine In 1871 Arms race between Germany and France Two alliance system In existence Germany attempt to gain Colonies; frighten France, Britain, Russia The assassination At Sarajevo The spark that starts WW I Naval Rivalry Between Germany & Britain Austria and Russia Compete for influence In S.E. Europe Germany’s war plan Was not flexible enough
WWI - Beginning Need for balance of power Central Powers –Germany, Austria- Hungary, & Italy The Allies –France, Russia, Serbia & Great Britain
WWI - Beginning Archduke Franz Ferdinand –Assassinated June 28, 1914 –Gavrilo Princip, Serbian nationalist, shot Ferdinand –Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia –Serbia turns to Allies for help –Austria-Hungary turns to Germany (Central Powers)
WWI – Event Timeline June – assassination July – Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia August – Germany declares war on Russia & France –Why?: Russia mobilizes to protect Serbia; France allied w/Russia –Use Schlieffen Plan: called for a quick sweep through France and then defeat Russia August – Great Britain declares war on Germany (allies w/France & Russia) October – Turkey joins Central Powers 1914
WWI – Timeline May – Sinking of the Lusitania May – Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary May – 1 st Zeppelin raid on London March – Germany declares war on Portugal September – 1 st use of British tanks 1915 1916
WWI - Timeline January – Zimmermann note intercepted by British April – U.S. declares war on Germany April – French tanks used for 1 st time in battle June – U.S. troops arrive in France June – Greece declared war on Central Powers 1917
WWI - Timeline January – Wilson announces 14 Point Peace Program November – Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates German throne November – Armistice 1919 January – Paris Peace Conference June – Treaty of Versailles signed 1918