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Do Now Page 8 1. What were the English traditions of limited and representative government?

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Presentation on theme: "Do Now Page 8 1. What were the English traditions of limited and representative government?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Do Now Page 8 1. What were the English traditions of limited and representative government?

2 The Birth of a Democratic Nation Section 2

3 Colonial Resistance and Rebellion 1. The First Continental Congress assembled because Americans began to demand more rights. 1. The First Continental Congress assembled because Americans began to demand more rights. ~Why did Americans demand more rights? ~Why did Americans demand more rights? 2. Separated from Great Britain by more than 3,000 miles ocean and left alone, the American colonists gained valuable experience in self-government. 2. Separated from Great Britain by more than 3,000 miles ocean and left alone, the American colonists gained valuable experience in self-government. 3. By the mid-1700s, however, the British government began to tighten its grasp on the American colonies 3. By the mid-1700s, however, the British government began to tighten its grasp on the American colonies

4 Colonial Resistance and Rebellion 2. Separated from Great Britain by more than 3,000 miles ocean and left alone, the American colonists gained valuable experience in self- government. 2. Separated from Great Britain by more than 3,000 miles ocean and left alone, the American colonists gained valuable experience in self- government. 3. By the mid-1700s, however, the British government began to tighten its grasp on the American colonies 3. By the mid-1700s, however, the British government began to tighten its grasp on the American colonies

5 1760: King George III- 1.the British adopted a policy called mercantilism. 2.They tried to squeeze as much wealth as possible out of the British colonies in America and from other colonies around the world. 3. Mercantilism is the theory that a country should sell more goods to other countries than it buys.

6 1760: King George III- 4. Parliament required the American colonies to sell raw materials, such as cotton and lumber, to Great Britain at low prices. 5. The colonists also had to buy British products at high prices. As a result, colonial businesses suffered

7 Great Britain had fought a long, costly war against France—the French and Indian War— 1. Great Britain had fought a long, costly war against France—the French and Indian War— 2. Winning French territory in North America. 2. Winning French territory in North America. 3. To cover the costs of ruling these new lands and to pay off its heavy war debts, Britain placed steep taxes on the American colonies. 3. To cover the costs of ruling these new lands and to pay off its heavy war debts, Britain placed steep taxes on the American colonies.

8 Parliament passed the Stamp Act, which required colonists to attach expensive tax stamps to all newspapers and legal documents. 1. Parliament passed the Stamp Act, which required colonists to attach expensive tax stamps to all newspapers and legal documents.

9 Continued Resentment 1.colonists resented the British taxes 1.colonists resented the British taxes 2.they had no representatives in Parliament 2.they had no representatives in Parliament 3.the colonists believed that Parliament had no right to tax them. 3.the colonists believed that Parliament had no right to tax them. 4.They summed up their feelings with the slogan "No taxation without representation!" 4.They summed up their feelings with the slogan "No taxation without representation!"

10 In protest: 1. many colonists decided to boycott, or refuse to buy, British goods. 1. many colonists decided to boycott, or refuse to buy, British goods. 2. Rebellious colonists began using homespun cloth and drinking coffee instead of British tea. 2. Rebellious colonists began using homespun cloth and drinking coffee instead of British tea. 3. Parliament agreed to repeal, or cancel, the Stamp Act and other taxes. 3. Parliament agreed to repeal, or cancel, the Stamp Act and other taxes.

11 But Wait 1. The same day it repealed the Stamp Act, Parliament passed the Declaratory Act of 1766, which stated that Parliament had the right to tax and make decisions for the American colonies "in all cases." 1. The same day it repealed the Stamp Act, Parliament passed the Declaratory Act of 1766, which stated that Parliament had the right to tax and make decisions for the American colonies "in all cases."

12 Parliament passed a set of laws that came to be known as the Townshend Acts. 1. Parliament passed a set of laws that came to be known as the Townshend Acts. 2. These laws levied new taxes on goods imported to the colonies. (like glass, tea, paper, and lead) 2. These laws levied new taxes on goods imported to the colonies. (like glass, tea, paper, and lead) 3. These new laws further angered the colonists. 3. These new laws further angered the colonists. 4. The colonists responded by bringing back the boycott that they had used against the Stamp Act. 4. The colonists responded by bringing back the boycott that they had used against the Stamp Act.

13 Parliament passed another measure. 1. Parliament passed another measure. 2. The Tea Act gave the British East India Company the right to ship tea to the colonies without paying most of the taxes usually placed on tea. 2. The Tea Act gave the British East India Company the right to ship tea to the colonies without paying most of the taxes usually placed on tea. 3. The act also allowed the company to bypass colonial merchants and sell tea directly to shopkeepers at low prices. 3. The act also allowed the company to bypass colonial merchants and sell tea directly to shopkeepers at low prices.

14 This made the East India Company tea cheaper than any other tea in the colonies, giving the British company a very favorable advantage over colonial merchants. 4. This made the East India Company tea cheaper than any other tea in the colonies, giving the British company a very favorable advantage over colonial merchants. 5. Colonists blocked all East India Company ships from colonial ports. 5. Colonists blocked all East India Company ships from colonial ports. 6. the exception was the ships that arrived at the Boston port 6. the exception was the ships that arrived at the Boston port

15 Boston Tea Party a group of colonists dressed as Native Americans dumped 342 chests of British tea into Boston Harbor. 1. a group of colonists dressed as Native Americans dumped 342 chests of British tea into Boston Harbor. 2. The colonists did this to protest further taxes on tea. 2. The colonists did this to protest further taxes on tea. 3. In reaction to this protest, known as the Boston Tea Party, Parliament passed the Coercive Acts. 3. In reaction to this protest, known as the Boston Tea Party, Parliament passed the Coercive Acts.

16 Boston Tea Party Americans called them the Intolerable Acts. 4. Americans called them the Intolerable Acts. 5. These laws restricted the colonists' rights, including the right to trial by jury. 5. These laws restricted the colonists' rights, including the right to trial by jury. 6. The Intolerable Acts also allowed British soldiers to search, and even move into, colonists' homes 6. The Intolerable Acts also allowed British soldiers to search, and even move into, colonists' homes

17 Activity Complete the Key terms for Chapter 2 Complete the Key terms for Chapter 2 Timeline activity Timeline activity

18 Do Now Page 9 1. How did colonists use English ideas of government in America? 1. How did colonists use English ideas of government in America? 2. How did the British government try to tighten control over its American Colonies? 2. How did the British government try to tighten control over its American Colonies?

19 Movement Toward Independence 1. The colonial governments banded together to fight the Intolerable Acts. 2. In September 1774, 12 of the colonies sent delegates, or representatives, to Philadelphia to discuss their concerns. 3. These representatives—from every colony except Georgia—wanted to establish a political body to represent American interests and challenge British control.

20 The First Continental Congress 1. The meeting in Philadelphia, known as the First Continental Congress, lasted seven weeks. 2. During that time, the delegates sent a document to King George III demanding that the rights of the colonists be restored. 3. They also made plans to extend the boycott of British goods. 4. When the Congress ended, the delegates vowed to hold another meeting if their demands were not met by the following year

21 Consequences 1. King George responded with force. 2. In April 1775, two battles between British and colonial soldiers took place in Massachusetts at Lexington and Concord. 3. These became the first battles of the Revolutionary War. 4. People began talking about independence, or self-reliance and freedom from outside control

22 The Second Continental Congress 1. In May 1775, colonial leaders convened the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia. 2. Not every member of the Congress favored independence. 3. Some believed the colonists could never win a war against Great Britain. 4. Others were still loyal to their home country. 5. The Congress spent many months debating over the best course of action

23 Growing support for Independence 1. January of 1776, an American colonist named Thomas Paine inspired many other colonists by publishing a pamphlet titled Common Sense. 2. Paine called for complete independence from Britain. 3. He argued that it was simply "common sense" to stop following the "royal brute," King George III. 4. Paine called the colonists' actions a struggle for freedom.

24 The Declaration of Independence 1. The Congress, acting now as a government for the colonies, appointed a committee to write a document that would officially announce the independence of the United States. 2. Thomas Jefferson, however, did almost all the work.

25 The Declaration of Independence 3. The Declaration of Independence explained why the United States of America should be a free nation 4. The Declaration argued that the British government did not look after the interests of the colonists.

26 Democratic Ideals Do not copy 1. The second paragraph of the Declaration of Independence set forth the colonists' beliefs about the rights of individuals. 1. The second paragraph of the Declaration of Independence set forth the colonists' beliefs about the rights of individuals. “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.”

27 Democratic Ideals Do not copy “That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, that whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or abolish it, and to institute new Government....”

28 Explanation: 1. the purpose of government is to protect the rights of the people. 2. government is based on the consent of the people. 3. The people are entitled to change or overthrow a government if it disregards their rights or their will.

29 Borrowing 1. These ideas were not new. 2. Thomas Jefferson was particularly influenced by John Locke, a seventeenth-century English philosopher, and a later philosopher, William Blackstone.

30 An Uncertain Future 1. The Second Continental Congress approved the Declaration of Independence, with a few changes, on July 4, The American colonies were now independent states—at least in theory. 3. True freedom, though, would not come until the war ended and Great Britain officially recognized the United States as a rightfully independent nation.

31 Activity 1. Design a sign/poster that colonial protesters might have waves at the British. 1. Design a sign/poster that colonial protesters might have waves at the British. Ex: Go home REDCOATS! Ex: Go home REDCOATS! 2. Write a essay summary of the meaning of the poster on the back. 2. Write a essay summary of the meaning of the poster on the back. 3. Use this graphic organizer and complete it using your notes, and your text book 3. Use this graphic organizer and complete it using your notes, and your text book British Action Colonists Response


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