Presentation on theme: "Warm-up 1. Be in your seat, quiet and working by the time the bell rings 2. Select a 3 rd color of highlighter and color in the title boxes for the Declaration."— Presentation transcript:
Warm-up 1. Be in your seat, quiet and working by the time the bell rings 2. Select a 3 rd color of highlighter and color in the title boxes for the Declaration of Independence. 3. Get a textbook and read pages Answer the 9 questions in the preview section on the Declaration of Independence
Review- Review- Hold up your card with your answer This document stated that the colonists were English citizens This document was written in The owners of the Virginia Company wrote this charter. This document guaranteed rights to the citizens of Virginia Which document was a model for the US Bill of Rights? George Mason wrote this document. This document was written in This document was a model for the Constitution that guaranteed rights to US citizens.
Why is this document so important to the American people?
Declaration of Independence Daily Objectives: 1. Identify when and who wrote the Declaration of Independence 2. List 4 significant facts about the Declaration of Independence. 3. Explain how the Declaration of Independence influenced the Constitution Key Vocabulary Terms Independence Grievance Unalienable rights Repeal
Preview Describe from your own experience or imagine a situation in which you feel the need to be independent.
After over 150 years of self- government for the colonies, King George III of Great Britain began to establish new policies on the colonies.
French and Indian War
NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION
First Continental Congress King George III
Battle of Lexington and Concord
The Declaration of Independence written by Thomas Jefferson Second Continental Congress safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1
Check Warm-up Answers 1. The American colonists had begun to experience their own self- government 2. Who was the king of Great Britain starting in 1760? King George III 3. Why did he implement the policy of mercantilism on the colonies? to gain as much wealth from the colonies as possible
4. After 1763, Great Britain began to tax the colonies. Why? To help pay of the war debts from the French and Indian War 5. The colonists protested the taxes and boycotted English goods. What did they hope the British would do? Repeal the taxes 6. What did the British actually do? Add more taxes
7. What was the purpose of the First Continental Congress in 1774? Ask that King George restore the colonists rights and extend the boycott 8. King George responded to the requests of the Congress by sending More troops 9. What was the purpose of the Second Continental Congress? Declare independence
By the mid 1700’s things changed. The king of Great Britain, King George III wanted to gain more wealth the colonies. He taxed many of their goods. The colonists (or Americans as they now saw themselves) felt this was unfair. They protested- “no taxation without representation!” Great Britain promised to repeal the taxes only to add more!
Did the colonists have the right to ask for independence? What document made the colonists believe that they deserved to have the same rights as those people living in Great Britain? This is how they felt about the king and their independence Too-Late-to-Apologize-A-Declaration
Reading Activity 1. Meet with your 3:00 partner 2. Read Textbook pages Complete the fill in the blank activity on the next page and ½ of your notes 4. You have 20 minutes
The Congress now acting as a government for the colonies, appointed a committee to write a document that would officially announce the independence of the United States. Thomas Jefferson however, did almost all of the work. His draft of the Declaration of Independence explained why the United States should be a free nation. The Declaration argued that the British government did not look after the interests of the colonists. The authors included a long list of grievances by king George and called him a “Tyrant... unfit to be the Ruler of a free People.” The document was much more than a list of complaints though.
The second paragraph of the Declaration of Independence set forth the colonists’’ beliefs about the rights of individuals It said: “We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these rights are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. “ The paragraph went on to say: “ That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, It is the right of the people to alter or abolish it, and to Institute new government..”
In other words, the purpose of government is to protect the rights of the people Moreover, government is based in the consent of the people. The people are entitled to change or overthrow a government if it disregards their rights or their will These ideas were not new. The thinking of Thomas Hobbs and his fellow Americans was particularly influenced by John Locke a seventeenth century English philosopher. In his Second Treatise of Government published in 1690, Locke wrote that good government is based in a social Contract between the people and the rulers. The people agree to give up some of their freedom and abide by the decisions of their government In return, the government promises to protect the lives, property and liberty of the people. If the government misuses its power, the people should rebel. Locke also wrote that all people should equally enjoy the rights to life, liberty and property.
The Second Continental Congress approved the Declaration of Independence, with a few changes, on July 4, The American colonies were now independent states- at least in theory. True freedom, though, would not come until the war ended and Great Britain officially recognized the United States as a rightfully independent nation.
Objective Check Date of the Document July 4, 1776 Author of the Document Thomas Jefferson
Purpose of Document 1. To declare the colonies independent from Great Britain 2. State grievances against the king How did the document influence the Constitution? 1. Affirmed (stated) that people had unalienable rights 2. Established that all people are equal under the law
Independent Activity- Homework The Declaration contains many profound statements. A few of them are below. Translate each phrase below into language that you can understand.