Main Idea Great Britain tried to force colonist to obey Britain's laws; however, colonist had become use to independence and began to resist and eventually declared their independence.
Essential Question How did British government try to tighten control over its American colonist? How did American colonist resist and reject the British crackdown?
Mercantilism George III adopted the policy of mercantilism, the theory that a country should sell more goods to other countries than it buys.
Taxation without Representation During the French and Indian war, Britain gained a lot of war debt. In order to pay these taxes, Britain began to tax the colonist. Colonist felt this was unfair and began to shout “No taxation without representation.” Colonist began to boycott or refuse to buy British goods.
Control Because of all the boycotts, Parliament began to repeal or cancel the Stamp Tax and other taxes. Parliament’s Declaratory Act stated that it had the right to tax and make decisions for the colonies.
Boston Tea Party The Tea Act allowed the British East India Company to sell tea directly to shopkeepers at low prices. Colonist began to block company’s ships except in Boston. There colonist dressed as Native Americans dumped the tea into the Boston Harbor.
Boston Tea Party In response to the Boston Tea Party, GB issued the Corecive Acts also known as Intolerable Acts. These Acts restricted colonist basic freedoms.
Revolution Begins The colonies sent delegates or representatives to a meeting in Philadelphia known as the First Continental Congress. They wanted their rights restored. The Revolutionary War began with battles at Lexington and Concord. Colonist began talking about independence, or self-reliance and freedom from outside control.
Common Sense A second meeting was held called the Second Continental Congress. Some people wanted independence and others did not. Thomas Paine’s pamphlet “Common Sense” got everyone onboard for independence.
Finally Independence The Declaration of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson. It said the British government was abusing their power and that government should protect people. The D.O.I was influenced by the ideas of John Locke. Signed July 4, 1776