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F REUD ’ S T HEORY OF PERSONALITY D EVELOPMENT Unit 5 Lesson 2.

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Presentation on theme: "F REUD ’ S T HEORY OF PERSONALITY D EVELOPMENT Unit 5 Lesson 2."— Presentation transcript:

1 F REUD ’ S T HEORY OF PERSONALITY D EVELOPMENT Unit 5 Lesson 2

2 O BJECTIVES Discuss and evaluate Freud’s Theory of Personality Development. Identify different defense mechanisms.

3 W ARM U P What school of psychology did Freud establish? Psychoanalytic

4 P SYCHOANALYTIC MODEL OF PERSONALITY Adult personality & social relations understood by knowing how sexual and aggressive urges were managed during childhood. Sexual = life instincts (eros) Aggressive = death instincts (thanatos)

5 F REUD ’ S P ERSONALITY T HEORY Conflict b/t what is socially acceptable & urges (pleasure)= Three part personality Id (animalistic, selfish drives) Superego (overly cautious, ideals) Ego (balance)

6 F REUD ’ S T HEORY C ONT … Theory focuses on sexual drives Body parts sensitive to sexual stimulation = Erogenous Zones Libido – sexual/psychic energy focused on primary e.z. of particular age Too much frustration or overindulgence = energy locked in stage: FIXATION

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8 S TAGE 1 – T HE O RAL S TAGE Age: Birth to 18m Erogenous Zone: Mouth Focus Activities/Behaviors: Nursing, Eating, Sucking, Gumming, Biting Conflict: Weaning. Deprives child of sensory & psych pleasure of nurture, care, love. Later Symptoms: Smoking, drinking, constant chewing (gum, pencils) nail biting, overeating, biting sarcasm, overly talkative

9 S TAGE 2 – T HE A NAL S TAGE Age: 18 to 36 m Erogenous Zone: Anus Focus Activities/Behaviors: Retention or expulsion of feces Conflict: Potty training. One part pleasure from going, one part trying to control function. Later Symptoms: Anal Expulsive – messy, disorganized, careless, defiant Anal Retentive – neat, precise, orderly, passive- aggressive

10 S TAGE 3 – T HE P HALLIC S TAGE (B OYS ) Age: 3-6 Erogenous Zone: Genitals Focus Activities/Behaviors: Fondling, Conflict: Oedipus Complex – sexual attraction for mom, aggression and dad Castration Anxiety – fear of losing penis (notice girls don’t have) Identification – can’t have mom so will become most like man who can Later Symptoms: Anxiety/guilt about sexual feelings … Share dad’s values, morals, principles

11 S TAGE 3 – T HE P HALLIC S TAGE (G IRLS ) Age: 3-6 Erogenous Zone: Genitals Focus Activities/Behaviors: Fondling Conflict: Electra Complex – sexual attraction for dad, envy mom Penis Envy – notice boys have one, girls want one Identification – can’t have dad so will become most like woman who can Later Symptoms: Anxiety/guilt about sexual feelings … Adopt mom’s values, morals, principles…marry man like father

12 S TAGE 4 – T HE L ATENCY P ERIOD Age: 6 to Puberty (11/13) Erogenous Zone: None Focus Activities/Behaviors: Sexual Repression. Libido turned to learning (gender roles, beliefs system, same sex friendships) Conflict: None Later Symptoms: None * Puberty leads to sexual reawakening!

13 S TAGE 5 – T HE G ENITAL P ERIOD Age: Puberty on Erogenous Zone: Genitals Focus Activities/Behaviors: Heterosexual Relationships, Intimacy Conflict: What energy is left over vs what’s locked in other stages Later Symptoms: No fixations…just deal with earlier resolutions

14 E VALUATION Personality formed in childhood? Observable? Reliable? Sexual desires as primary motivation? Condescending notions of women (as incomplete men!)? Cause of mental issues?

15 D EFENSE M ECHANISMS Ego tool Protect personality from hostile world…mind from anxiety. Healthy Use / Overuse

16 A CTIVITY Popcorn Read Applying Defense Mechanisms

17 C LOSURE What defense mechanisms have you used in the past year? Do you use some more than others?

18 H OMEWORK Create a new example for each of the defense mechanisms we studied. You may write a scenario or choose to do a role play/charade.


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