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Father of Psychology!. Sigmund Freud Theory of Personality Development  Believed personality develops through a series of childhood stages  If the.

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Presentation on theme: "Father of Psychology!. Sigmund Freud Theory of Personality Development  Believed personality develops through a series of childhood stages  If the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Father of Psychology!

2 Sigmund Freud

3 Theory of Personality Development  Believed personality develops through a series of childhood stages  If the stages are completed successfully, the result is a healthy personality.

4 Freud’s Stages  Stage 1: The oral stage  Last from birth to 18 months  Primary source of interaction occurs through mouth  Mouth for eating, and infant gets pleasure from oral stimulation through tasting and sucking.  Child depends on caregiver to feed them, they develop a sense of trust and comfort through oral stimulation.

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6  Child must become less dependant on caretakers, if not child fixates at this stage and would have issues with dependency and aggression.  Could cause problems with drinking, smoking, and nail biting.

7 Stage 2: The Anal Stage

8  Primary focus was on controlling bladder and bowel movements.  Success depends on parents toilet training approach.  If parents praise and reward  If parents punish, ridicule or shame a child for accidents  If approach too lenient, an anal expulsive personality can develop = messy, wasteful or destructive personality  If too strict = becomes orderly, rigid,obsessive.

9 Stage 3: Phallic Stage

10  Focus on genitals  Discover differences between males and females  Boys begin to view father as a rival for their mothers affection ( child fears punishment from father for feeling this way) Oedipus complex  Young girls experience penis envy ( electra complex)  Child realizes and begins to identify with the same sex parent as a means of possessing the other parent.  Believed that females never resolve their penis envy and are somewhat fixated at this stage.

11 Stage 4: The Latent Period  6- puberty ( around 12)  Development of the ego and superego  Become more concerned with relationships, hobbies interests  Time of exploration sexual energy still present, but is directed into other areas; intellectual pursuits and social  Important in development of social and communication skills and self confidence.

12 Stage 5: The Genital Stage  Begins at puberty  Resurgence of the sex drive  Strong sexual interest in the opposite sex  If all other stages were completed successfully the individual should be well balanced warm and caring  Goal of stage is to establish a balance between life areas.

13 Psychoanalytic theory of personality:  Composed of three elements  These 3 elements work together to create complex human behaviours.

14 The Id  Only part of personality present at birth  Unconscious ( includes instinct and primitive behaviours)  Source of all psychic energy,making it the primary component of personality

15 The Ego  Part of personality responsible for dealing with reality.  Develops from the id, and ensures that the impulses of the id can be expressed in a manner acceptable in the real world.  Present in conscious, and unconscious mind  Operates on reality principle( strives to satisfy the id’s desires in realistic and socially appropriate ways.

16 The Superego  Last to develop  Holds all our moral standards that we get from parents and society ( sense of right and wrong)  Provides guidelines for making judgements  Emerges at around 5  Acts to perfect and civilize our behaviour.  Works to suppress unacceptable urges of the id and struggles to make the ego act upon idealistic standards.

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18 Group Activity  1) In your groups please come up with strengths and weaknesses to this theory.  2) In your groups you are to pretend that one member is Sigmund Freud and the other member is a patient coming to him for help.  You are to develop a problem, and scenario where Feud can help the patient to overcome their problems based on his theory of personality development.  Each group must have a script for their scenarios.


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