2This topic Apply the tripartite model to personality Learn about psychosexual development, and how it effects adult personalityLearn about the Oedipus and Electra complexes, and how they effect adult personality
3 How is personality shaped by the id, ego and superego? Conflict between the three parts of personality can lead to mental disorderEgo strengthWhat do you think someone with a very strong id would be like?What about a very strong superego?
4Psychosexual development Where do the id, ego and superego come from?Libido: sexual or psychic energyFive stages: oral, anal, phallic, latency, genitalFixationUsing the information on page 32, complete the table
6Psychosexual development 1: the oral stageLibido focused on the mouthBreast feeding, sucking etc. Only the idHealthy development: able to trust others, and enjoy food and drinkOral receptive: optimistic, gullible and dependentOral aggressive: aggressive, pessimistic, envious and suspicious
7Psychosexual Development 2: The anal stageLibido focussed on the anusPotty training, delayed gratification. Development of egoUse the information on pg 33 and describe what healthy and unhealthy development is
8Psychosexual Development 3: The phallic stageLibido focused on the genitalsExploration and interest in genitals. Id and ego fully formedSuperego is created at the end of the phallic stage by the resolution of the Oedipus or Electra complexes
9Psychosexual development Read the information on the Oedipus and Electra complexesDiscuss with the person next to you what you think of these theoriesPut the stages in the correct order.
10Oedipus Complex1.Boy sees father as a rival for his mother’s attention, and wishes to kill him.3. This leads to the development of the superego. The boy substitutes his desire for his mother into desire for other women.2. Boy starts to desire his mother, and wants to have sex with her4. The boy is in a state of conflict. He resolves this by internalising and identifying with his father.5. He fears that if his father finds out about his feelings for his mother, he will castrate him.
11Electra Complex2. She starts to sexually desire her father who has a penis.3. The superego develops, as does gender identity. She replaces penis envy with desire for a baby.1. The girl begins to develop penis envy. She blames her mother for removing her penis.5. To resolve this, the girl identifies with her mother so that she can have her father.4. The girl sees her mother as a sexual rival for her father.
12Psychosexual development Using the information in the book, describe what healthy and unhealthy development at the phallic stage is.What happens at the latency stage?
13Psychosexual Development 5: The genital stageLibido focused on genitals, and the opposite sexAdult personality is set, problems in earlier stages can return.No issues? Well adjusted, mature adult, capable of love, with healthy sexual relationships.
14Psychosexual development Complete the table with key words that will help you remember how psychosexual development can affect adult personality
15Homework Describe Freud’s theory of personality development (8) Read the guidance.