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Module on Adverbs ending in - ly

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1 Module on Adverbs ending in - ly
Interamerican University Guayama Campus Proyecto Titulo V Cooperativo Improving Academic Outcomes Through a Technology-Based Consortium Program for the Core Curriculum Module on Adverbs ending in - ly DRA. JEAN RODRIGUEZ PAZO Subject: Basic English Area: Grammar

2 OBJECTIVES: Through the study of this Module on Adverbs ending in –ly, students will be able to : define adverbs and adjectives recognize adverbs and adjectives in sentences understand the function of adverbs and adjectives in sentences apply the use of adverbs ending in -ly in sentences correctly

3 Overview: Students will reinforce their knowledge of adverbs ending in – ly applying all levels of critical thinking. FOCUS QUESTIONS: ♣ What is an adverb? ♣ What is an adjective? ♣ What are the functions of adjectives and adverbs in sentences? ♣ How and when are adverbs in – ly used?

4 Time- frame: You may work at your own pace
Time- frame: You may work at your own pace. Resources: Examples, rules, grammatical frames, picture boxes Assessment: Pre-and Post- tests Criteria of Evaluation: Students must achieve 72% or more for mastery level. Instructional Activities: Skill- building exercises. Creative and Empowerment Section: You may go to other links and do further exercises.

5 Dear students, Welcome to the Module on Adverbs ending in - ly. This Module has been designed to help you improve your knowledge on modifiers – adjectives and adverbs. These are the words that give color and give the reader and listener a more vivid image of what you are talking about. Without these words sentences would be dull and boring. The Module will guide you through different skill-building activities that will reinforce your knowledge and skills. You should read and study the rules carefully to understand the uses of adverbs ending in – ly. It is important for you to do the exercises to practice the skill. The more you practice, the more you will learn. This is the perfect time to learn more about adverbs ending in – ly.

6 Pre- Test Part I: Read the following sentences and write the correct form of the adverb. Be sure to apply spelling rules where they apply. Maria answered the question( intelligent). The dog ( smart) hid its bone. Pedro was so much in love that he smiled (stupid) at Miss United States. They demonstrated they didn’t care, so they smiled( smug). The delinquent killed the old man (senseless). Lillian (busy) typed the memo. The drunkard danced ( crazy) in the pub. Jose slept ( lazy) after a three day hike. The kids( sneaky) took the baked cookies. Janina ( angry) took her belongings and left.

7 Part II. Find the adjective in the sentence and fill the gap with its adverb.
Paul is sad. He smiled____. The old lady is loud. She shouts ___. His French is fluent. He speaks French ___. My aunt was quiet. She spoke to us ___. My friend is careless. He paints ____. The singer is awful. He sings opera ___. The research is simple. It __ talks about AIDS in Puerto Rico. Ana is a wonderful cook. She cooks ____. Stephanie is an excellent ballerina. She dances really ___. The ant was quick. It ___ took the food to its habitat.

8 Part III. Look at the following words and choose their correct spelling.
1. true a. truly b. trulie c. truly 2. happy a. happyly b. happiely c. happily 3. friendly a. friendly b. friendily c. friendily 4. slow a. slowili b. slowly c. slowiely 5. pretty a. prettily b. prettiely c. prettyly

9 Introduction An adverb is a word that tells us more about verbs. Many adverbs tell us how something is done. When answering the question “ how”, adverbs are usually created from adjectives with an added – ly ending. ( quick- quickly). This is the commonest way to use adverbs. However, there are various exceptions:

10 Introduction 1. Adjectives ending in – ly:
These may have the same form as the adverb. Example: She was a kindly and reasonable old lady. The group went for a leisurely walk in the gardens.

11 Introduction 1. Adjectives ending in – ly:
They may require an adverbial phrase: Example: John was a very friendly child, he always treated everyone in a friendly manner. They may not have a direct adverbial equivalent. Example: She is a likely political candidate.

12 Introduction 2. Adjectives which have the same form as adverbs:
Example: Mr. George woke up early, and caught the early train. Jeannie drove fast on the fast lane.

13 Introduction 3. Adjectives which have the same form as adverbs, but also have a – ly adverb with a different use: Example: The thief looked deeply into the manager’s eyes, and he was deeply ashamed.

14 The Royal Order of Adverbs:
Manner Place Frequency Time Purpose Beth swims enthusiastically in the pool every morning before dawn to kees in shape. Dad walks habitually to town every afternoon before supper to get a newspaper.

15 Adjectives and adverbs
Adjectives modify nouns. A beautiful day An interesting idea Adverbs modify verbs by telling us how we do something. She works quietly. They write clearly. Many adverbs are formed by adding ly to the adjective. easy - easily careful – carefully nice - nicely A few words, like fast, hard, late and low, take the same form as both adjectives and adverbs. It was a late movie. I stayed out late. She had a hard time. She studied hard.

16 Forming adverbs from adjectives
Many adverbs are formed by simply adding –ly to an adjective: Adjective Adverb beautiful beautifully careless carelessly cautious cautiously courteous courteously joyous joyously quick quickly

17 Forming adverbs from adjectives
If an adjective ends in –y if often changed to i before the –ly is added: Adjective Adverb angry angrily easy easily guilty guiltily happy happily hasty hastily shabby shabbily

18 Forming adverbs from adjectives
If an adjective ends in –le, the –le is dropped before –ly is added: Adjective Adverb capable capably comfortable comfortably miserable miserably simple simply

19 Rules In general: adjective + -ly adjective example slow slowly
Exceptions in spelling exception Silent ‘e’ is dropped in true, due, whole true → truly y becomes i happy → happily le after a consonant is dropped sensible → sensibly After ll only add y full → fully

20 Rules Adjectives ending in –ic: adjective + -ally (exception: public- publicy) adjective adverb fantastic fantastically Adjectives ending in –ly: use ‘in a … way / manner’ or another adverb with similar meaning friendly in a friendly way in a friendly manner likely probably

21 Exceptions Adjective Adverb (meaning) good well difficult
with difficulty public publicy deep deep (place) deeply (feeling) direct directly (=soon) hard hardly (=seldom) high high (place) highly (figurative) late lately (=recently) most mostly (=usually) near nearly (=almost) pretty pretty (=rather) prettily short shortly (=soon) The following adjectives are also used as adverbs (without moficication) daily, enough, nearly, far, fast, hourly, little, long, low, monthly, much, straight, weekly, yearly …

22 ACTIVITY I Read the sentences carefully and apply the rules.
Paula is a patient teacher. She listens ____. Santa Claus is merry. He laughs______. Lucas is rapid. He answered the test _____. Ben is organized and quick. He ____ finished the task. Gladys has clear pronunciation. She talks _____. The Senator is well- liked. People talk of him. ( high) Barbara dances____. ( graceful). My boss greeted the visitors _____. (polite) This has to be done ___ ( regular). She _______ showed us her trophy. ( happy). He is a good coordinator. He does it _______. The child ____ took the toys. ( relentless) The organization ___ prepared its activity. ( excited) The members ____ welcomed the tourists. ( kindly) The Boy Scouts ____ completed the kite. (enthusiastic).

23 ACTIVITY II Write the correct form in the blank.
Jack plays the piano ________. (beautiful) Mrs. Cordero speaks very ____. (soft) Mara won the race _____. ( easy) I see him at the Casino ____. (frequent) 5. She acted ____. ( greedy) That cave is dangerous. Walk ____ (cautious). He stole the cookies. He acted____ (guilty). She was late. She drove ____ ( hasty). They were poor. They dressed ___ (shabby). Someone ____ killed the dog. ( miserable)

24 POST - TEST Read the sentences and complete them:
Andrea answered the questions_____.(honest) John walked to the store very ___. ( slow) _______, my sister ruined my dress. (thoughtless) ___ the rangers approached the bear. (cautious) Paul ___ answered the interview. ( foolish) The new secretary works ___. (careless) Joe ____ gave a donation. ( generous) The feverish man ____ watched his girlfriend. ( jealous) Mary apologized ____. ( sincere) The dog ____ hid the bone. ( playful)

25 II. Read the corresponding words and change them to adverbs taking the rules into consideration.
1. brave 2. competent 3. good 4. bitter 5. angry 6. easy 7. happy 8. simple 9. capable 10. comfortable 11. hasty 12. nice 13. clean 14. dirty 15. rapid

26 CHALLENGE Demonstrate that you can change these adjectives to adverbs. Remember the rules. angry happy heavy noisy steady clumsy cheek

27 Part II. Let’s continue with the challenge
Part II. Let’s continue with the challenge. Read and choose the best alternative. 1. If you always drive ___ you are sure to have an accident. a. recklessly b. reckless 2. Pablo ate his dinner ___. a. quick b. quickly 3. He’ s an awful driver. He never stops ______. a. smoothly b. smooth 4. This case ‘s evidence has been___affected. a. serious b. seriously 5. Mr. Mom and Mrs. Mom squealed at each other ___. a. furious b. furiously

28 Pre-test Show the Answers: Remember that you must score 72%, or 18 items correct. If you do not score 72%, please go back, review and do the tests and activities again. Part I intelligently smartly stupidly smuggly senselessly busily crazily lazily sneakily angrily Part II sadly loudly fluently quietly carelessly awfully simply wonderfully well quickly Part III c a b

29 Activity Show the Answers: Remember that you must score 72%, or 18 items correct. If you do not score 72%, please go back, review and do the tests and activities again. Activity 1 patiently merrily rapidly quickly clearly highly gracefully politely regularly happilu well relentlessly exitedly kindly enthusiastically Activity 2 beautifully softly easily frequently greedily cautiously guiltily hastily stabbily misarebly

30 Post-test Show the Answers: Remember that you must score 72%, or 18 items correct. If you do not score 72%, please go back, review and do the tests and activities again. Part I honestly slowly thoughtlessly cautiously foolishly carelessly generously jealously sincerely playfully Part II bravely competently well bitterly angrily easily happily simply capably comfortably

31 Challenge Show the Answers: Remember that you must score 72%, or 18 items correct. If you do not score 72%, please go back, review and do the tests and activities again. Part I angrily happily heavily noisily steadlily clumsily checkily Part II a b Part III c


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