Cells Prokaryotic (no nucleus) Only Organelles Are the Ribosomes Eukaryotic (has nucleus) All of the Organelles All are unicellular Example: Bacteria UnicellularMulticellular Example: Amoeba Example: Human
OOOOrganelle is called the FFFFound only inside c ells ( that’s what we are made of) EEEEach one has a very specific job inside every cell in living organisms eukaryotic Little Organs
BBoundary of the cell AAllows materials in and out of cells AAlso called the?
CControl center or the of the cell CCCContains D DD DNA which is? SSSSurrounded by a double membrane UUUUsually the easiest organelle to see under a microscope UUUUsually one per cell
LLLLocated inside the nucleus WWWWhat is the job of the Nucleolus? N u c l e o l u s
Acts as skeleton and muscle Provides shape and structure to the cell Helps move organelles around the cell Made of three types of filaments
AA.k.a. “ ER ” TTransports materials throughout the cell IIt is called the of ______ the cell RRough ER: Has Ribosomes on it SSmooth ER: No Ribosomes; it makes lipids
Site of protein synthesis CCCCan be attached to rough ER or floating free in cytoplasm CCCCalled? PPPProduced in a part of the nucleus called the?
LLLLooks like a stack of plates CCCCalled the_____ of the cell? SSSStores, modifies and packages proteins MMMMolecules transported to and from the Golgi Body by the?
Called the______ of the cell of the cell Contain digestive enzymes that break down wastes and old organelles
It is called the? It is called the? Cellular respiration occurs here: Has a double membrane Has its own strands of:
FFFFound only in? CCCContains the green pigment………..? WWWWhere food, glucose a simple sugar for the cell is produced HHHHas a double membrane Chlorophyll
FFFFound only in and cells WWWWhat does it do? LLLLocated outside o oo of the cell membrane MMMMade of cellulose (fiber)
LLLLarge central vacuole mainly in ……….cells? WWWWhat is the job of the Vacuole? Stores waste, food, water and other materials
HHHHelps in cell division or……..? UUUUsually found only in animal cells MMMMade of microtubules
1. Which organelle is the “Powerhouse” and why? A: Mitochondria, makes energy for the cell. 2. Name the 2 types of Endoplasmic reticulum or ER A: Smooth ER and Rough ER 3. What is the main difference between them? A: Rough ER has Ribosomes on it Smooth ER has no ribosomes Smooth ER has no ribosomes 4. What is the nickname for Ribosomes? A: The “Little factories” 5. Why? A: Because Ribosomes produce or make proteins
6. Why is the cell membrane called the “Gatekeeper? A: Because it controls what substances can enter and leave the cell. 7. Why do you think that is important? A: Try to keep out harmful substances out, allow Glucose, water and Oxygen inside. Allow waste products to leave the cell, such as Carbon Dioxide 8. Which cell type has a cell wall, plant cell or animal cell? A: Plant cell 9. In which organelle in plant cells is Glucose produced? A: Chloroplasts 10. Why do you think plant cells have much larger vacuole than animal cells? A: Plant cells store Glucose, water and other materials