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Cell Structures, Functions and Transport. Section 7-2 Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Go to Section: Animal Cell Nucleus Nucleolus Cell Membrane Cytoplasm.

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Presentation on theme: "Cell Structures, Functions and Transport. Section 7-2 Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Go to Section: Animal Cell Nucleus Nucleolus Cell Membrane Cytoplasm."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cell Structures, Functions and Transport

2 Section 7-2 Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Go to Section: Animal Cell Nucleus Nucleolus Cell Membrane Cytoplasm

3 Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function 1. Nucleus Nickname: The Control Center Function: holds the DNA Parts: 1. Nucleolus: dark spot in the middle of the nucleus that helps make ribosome's

4 Section 7-2 Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Go to Section: Animal Cell Nucleus Nucleolus Ribosome's Cell Membrane Cytoplasm

5 Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function 2. Ribosome's Function: makes proteins Found in all cells, prokaryotic and eukaryotic

6 Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function 3. Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Nickname: Roads Function: The internal delivery system of the cell

7 Section 7-2 Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Go to Section: Animal Cell Nucleus Nucleolus Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Cell Membrane Cytoplasm Ribosomes

8 Endoplasmic Reticulum 2 Types: 1. Rough ER: Rough appearance because it has ribosome's Function: helps make proteins, thats why it has ribosome's 2. Smooth ER: NO ribosome's Function: makes fats or lipids

9 Section 7-2 Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Go to Section: Animal Cell Nucleus Nucleolus Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Ribosome's Golgi Complex Cell Membrane Cytoplasm

10 Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function 4. Golgi Complex Nickname: The shippers Function: packages, modifies, and transports materials to different location inside/outside of the cell Appearance: stack of pancakes

11 Section 7-2 Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Go to Section: Animal Cell Nucleus Nucleolus Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Ribosome's Golgi Bodies Cell Membrane Cytoplasm

12 Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function 5. Lysosomes: circular, but bigger than ribosome) Nickname: Clean-up Crews Function: to break down food into particles the rest of the cell can use and to destroy old cells

13 Section 7-2 Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Animal Cell Nucleus Nucleolus Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Ribosome's Golgi Bodies Mitochondria Cell Membrane Cytoplasm

14 Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function 6. Mitochondria Nickname: The Powerhouse Function: Energy formation Breaks down food to make ATP ATP: is the major fuel for all cell activities that require energy

15

16 Animal Cell Nucleus Nucleolus Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum Ribosome's Golgi Bodies Mitochondria Cell Membrane Cytoplasm

17 Now lets talk about structures only found in PLANT Cells!!

18 Section 7-2 Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Go to Section: Plant Cell Cell Membrane Vacuole

19 Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function 7. Vacuoles Function: stores water This is what makes lettuce crisp When there is no water, the plant wilts

20 Section 7-2 Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Go to Section: Plant Cell Cell Membrane Vacuole Chloroplasts

21 Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function 8. Chloroplasts Function: traps energy from the sun to produce food for the plant cell Green in color because of chlorophyll, which is a green pigment

22 Chloroplasts

23 Section 7-2 Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Go to Section: Plant Cell Cell Membrane Vacuole Chloroplasts Cell Wall

24 Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function 9. Cell Wall Function: provides support and protection to the cell membrane Found outside the cell membrane in plant cells

25 Plant Cell Cell Membrane Vacuole Chloroplasts Cell Wall Nucleolus Nucleus Rough ER Smooth ER Golgi Bodies Mitochondria Ribosome's Cytoplasm

26 Comparing Plant and Animal Cells PlantAnimal


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