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Module 12 The Language Center School of Community Education 300 N.E. 2 nd Avenue, Room 1158 Miami, Florida 33132 Office: (305) 237-3120 www.mdc.CommunityEducationatWolfson.com.

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Presentation on theme: "Module 12 The Language Center School of Community Education 300 N.E. 2 nd Avenue, Room 1158 Miami, Florida 33132 Office: (305) 237-3120 www.mdc.CommunityEducationatWolfson.com."— Presentation transcript:

1 Module 12 The Language Center School of Community Education 300 N.E. 2 nd Avenue, Room 1158 Miami, Florida Office: (305)

2 I see you. Whom do you see? – A different subject is the object I see myself The same subject is the object The action doesn’t go anywhere -- This is a reflexive action and involves the full being as the object: myself, yourself, etc. In Spanish, reflexive verbs require reflexive object pronouns, which are employed in the same manner as direct or indirect object pronouns. Me veo. (I see myself) Practice Makes Perfect. Spanish Verb Tenses. Pg. 64

3 Me quiero ver. (or) Quiero verme. If there are two verbs in the clause, the object pronoun either precedes the first verb or attaches directly to the second verbs Practice Makes Perfect. Spanish Verb Tenses. Pg. 64

4 Reflexive Pronouns SingularPlural me (me)nos (us) te ( you)os (you) se (him/her; you, it)se (them, you) The use of reflexive object pronouns in Spanish is more expansive than English, which is more restrictive. As long as the action is going back to the actor, it is considered a reflexive verb. These actions require the usage of reflexive pronouns: bañarse (to take a bath)sentarse (to sit down) me baño nos bañamosme siento nos sentamos te bañas os bañáiste sientas os sentáis se baña se bañanse sienta se sientan

5 1. Many reflexive verbs are stem-changing and should be conjugated as such. 2. Many involve the mentioning of as body part. Generally speaking, use the definite article rather than the possessive adjective before the body part. Because of the reflexive pronoun, it is obvious whose body part is being discussed: Me peino el pelo. Te cepillas los dientes. 3. One unusual verb is irse. This strays from the general description of the reflexive verb in that this is not a case where the subject and object are the same. Instead the reflexive pronoun intensifies the action, like comerse. Practice Makes Perfect. Spanish Verb Tenses. Pp. 65

6 Nearly all verbs in Spanish can be either reflexive or non-reflexive. However, there are certain actions that usually are reflexive due to the nature of the action: acostarse dormirse (o-> ue) afeitarse ducharse casarse(con alguien) enfermarse cepillarse enojarse despertarse (e -> ie) lavarse desvestirse (e-> i) levantarse Practice Makes Perfect. Spanish Verb Tenses. Pp. 65

7 llamarse mirarse peinarse ponerse (to become) ponerse(la ropa) preocuparse(por) probarse (o-> ue) quitarse secarse sentarse (e-> ie) verse vestirse (e->i) Practice Makes Perfect. Spanish Verb Tenses. p66

8 Reflexive Object Pronouns SingularPlural me (myself)nos (ourselves) te ( yourself)os (yourselves) se (him/her, your, it-self)se (themselves)

9 Los Números Ordinales según La Real Academia Española. nales

10 The R.I.D. Order The La La Rule When both the indirect and the direct objects are in the third person, both pronouns, regardless of number of gender, will begin with the letter l. When this happens, change the indirect object pronoun (first one) to se. That will avoid the tongue-tripping quality of the two small words starting with the letter l. Practice Makes Perfect. Spanish Pronouns and Prepositions. Pp. 89 Two is the maximum number of pronouns that can appear together in a sentence. The possible combinations are: Reflexive-Direct: Me lo compro. Indirect-Direct: Yo te la escribo Reflexive-indirect is very rare.

11 More about R.I.D. R.I.D. with two verbs In sentences that contain two verbs, the RID pronoun rule still applies; howver, now you will attach both pronouns directly to the second verb – the infinitive. Practice Makes Perfect. Spanish Pronouns and Prepositions. Pp. 89 In a negative sentence or clause in which the RID rules apply, place the word no (or other negation word) directly before the first pronoun. No te lo tengo Nunca se la compran (la-la rule) No se los tengo (la-la rule) No nos las vendemos

12 Pronombres de Complemento Directo e indirecto Consultas Bibliográficas Richmond, D. Practice Makes Perfect. (1996) McGraw Hill - Spanish Prepositions and Pronouns Consultas Cibernéticas  Real Academia Española Luis Manuel Rodriguez The Language Center School of Community Education 300 N.E. 2 nd Avenue, Room 1158 Miami, Florida Office: (305)


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