Presentation on theme: "Ms. Lopez February 20th, 2012. Definition Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence. The Articles — a,"— Presentation transcript:
Ms. Lopez February 20th, 2012
Definition Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence. The Articles — a, an, and the — are adjectives.Articles
The Adjective forms are known as the positive, the comparative, and the superlative.
The comparative and Superlative are used to compare, also known as Degree of Comparisons. We use the comparative for comparing two things That is a good book. This is a better book and the superlative for comparing three or more things. Which of the three is the best book? He made a bad choice. She made a worse choice. They made the worst choice of all.
The comparative forms of most adjectives, however, are formed by adding the suffixes -er and -est, or by placing the words more and most in front of the positive form. There are 5 rules to form these adjectives comparative forms.
1. One syllable words form the comparative by adding -er and -est: PositiveComparativeSuperlative Brave Small Dark braver Smaller darker bravest smallest darkest
2. Two-syllable words that end in -y, -le, and -er form the comparative by adding -er and - est : PositiveComparativeSuperlative Pretty Happy Noble Clever prettier happier nobler cleverer prettiest happiest noblest cleverest
WWith some two-syllable words, the writer must consider custom and ease of pronunciation. CCase No. 1 two syllable words that have the accent on the first syllable form the comparative by adding -er and -est. Ex. common, cruel, pleasant, quiet. BUT tasteless, more tasteless, most tasteless. CCase No. 2 Some two-syllable words that have the accent on the second syllable form the comparative by adding -er and -est: Example: polite, profound, BUT: bizarre, more bizarre, most bizarre.
3. Words of more than two syllables form the comparative with more and most: PositiveComparativeSuperlative Beautiful Resonant Intelligent Adorable more beautiful more resonant more intelligent more adorable most beautiful most resonant most intelligent most adorable
4. Past participles used as adjectives form the comparative with more and most: PositiveComparativeSuperlative Crooked Broken Damaged Defeated more crooked more broken more damaged more defeated most crooked most broken most damaged most defeated
5. Predicate adjectives (adjectives used to describe the subject of a sentence) form the comparative with more and most : PositiveComparativeSuperlative Afraid Mute Certain Silent more afraid more mute more certain more silent most afraid most mute most certain most silent
It´s time to practice!
PositiveComparativeSuperlative old bad difficult Large Good Big Easy Little interesting older worse more difficult Larger Better Bigger Easier Less More interesting oldest worst most difficult Largest Best Biggest Easiest Least Most interesting
1. This is a nice cat. It's much _______ than my friend's cat. 2. Here is Emily. She's six years old. Her brother is nine, so he is _____. 3. This is a difficult exercise. But the exercise with an asterisk (*) is the ________________ exercise on the worksheet. 4. He has an interesting hobby, but my sister has the ______________hobby in the world. 5. In the last holidays I read a good book, but father gave me an even ________ one last weekend. 6. School is boring, but homework is _________ than school. 7. Skateboarding is a dangerous hobby. Bungee jumping is __________ than skateboarding. 8. This magazine is cheap, but that one is ____________. 9. We live in a small house, but my grandparents' house is even ________ than ours. 10. Yesterday John told me a funny joke. This joke was the ________ joke I've ever heard. 1)This is a nice cat. It's much nicer than my friend's cat. 2) Here is Emily. She's six years old. Her brother is nine, so he is older. 3) This is a difficult exercise. But the exercise with an asterisk (*) is the most difficult exercise on the worksheet. 4) He has an interesting hobby, but my sister has the most interesting hobby in the world. 5) In the last holidays I read a good book, but father gave me an even better one last weekend. 6) School is boring, but homework is more boring than school. 7) Skateboarding is a dangerous hobby. Bungee jumping is more dangerous than skateboarding. 8) This magazine is cheap, but that one is cheaper. 9) We live in a small house, but my grandparents' house is even smaller than ours. 10) Yesterday John told me a funny joke. This joke was the funniest joke I've ever heard.
1. My father is heavy. My uncle is much ______ than my father. 2. The test in Geography was easy, but the test in Biology was ____. 3. Florida is sunny. Do you know the _____ place in the USA? 4. Stan is a successful sportsman, but his sister is ______ than Stan. 5. My mother has a soft voice, but my teacher's voice is ____ than my mother's. 6. Amy has a beautiful baby, but my daughter has the ______ baby on earth. 7. I live in a large family, but my grandfather lived in a ______ family. 8. We have only little time for this exercise, but in the examination we'll have even ______________ time. 9. Lucy is clever, but Carol is _______ than Lucy. 10. Have you visited the old castle? It was the ______ castle we visited during our holidays.