Presentation on theme: "Degree of Comparison There are three kinds of comparison: 1"— Presentation transcript:
1Degree of Comparison There are three kinds of comparison: 1 Degree of Comparison There are three kinds of comparison: 1. Positive degree 2. Comparative degree 3. Superlative degree
2Positive Degree→ is used o compare two thinks that are equal.The pattern :S + to be + as + adj + asS + verb + as + adv + asExamplesMy book is as interesting as yoursHis car runs as fast as a race carTheir house is as big as that one
3The Pattern for 1 syllable 2. Comparative Degree→ is used to compare two things that are not equal.The Pattern for 1 syllableS + to be + adj + er + thanS + verb + adv + er + thanExamplesToday is hotter than yesterdayBill runs faster than BobThis exercise is easier than the last oneAndi works harder than his brother
4The pattern for more than two syllables S + to be + more + adj + than S + verb + more + adv + thanExamplesThis red dress is more comfortable than the whiteHe speaks Spanish more fluently than IThis year’s exhibit is more impressive than the last year’sHe visits his family more frequently than she does
5The pattern for 1 syllable 3. Superlative Degree→ is used to compare one thing with two or more other things.The pattern for 1 syllableS + to be + the + adj + estS + verb + the + adv + estExamplesJohn is the tallest boy in the family2. He works the hardest employee of all the employee in this office.
6The pattern for more than two syllables S + to be + the most + adjS + verb + the most + advExamplesThat was the most boring film I have ever seenSally dances the most gracefully of all the participantNOTE* Use the form more + adjective for adjective ending in thefollowing suffixes: -ed, -ful, -ing, -ish and ous (moreuseful, more boring, more cautious)* When an adjective ends in a consonant +y, change the yto i and add –er or - est (happy-happier/ the happiest, dry-drier/thedriest) and for –some, - ow and add –er or -est (handsomer/thehandsomest, narrower/the narrowest)
7POSITIVECOMPARATIVESUPERLATIVEBadFarGoodWellLittlemuch/manyWorseFartherFurtherBetterLessmoreThe worstThe FarthestThe FurthestThe bestthe bestThe leastThe most
8For examples1. His behavior is as bad (bad) as his brother’s.2. New York has the most (many) tall buildings of any city in the world3. She knits as good (good) as her mother4. Alisa plays the violin better (good) than the other violinist
9ExercisesYou can tell Harris about it just ____(easily) as I can.That tall woman is _____ (ambitious) secretary in this house.Pierre understands English _____ (little) of all the studentsHe plays guitar _____ (well) as Andre Segovia.Nobody is _______ (happy) than Maria ElenBrazil export ____ (much) coffee of all the American countries
11BACKGROUNDSentences can be written or spoken in the active or passive voice. Active sentence is the sentence where the subject is doing the work, by contrast, passive sentences are sentences where the subject is the object of the sentence imposed by the job.
12ACTIVE SETENCE CHANGE INTO PASSIVE SETENCE 1. PRESENT FORMExample:John bites Marry (active)Marry is bitten by John (Passive)AKTIF :S + V1 + OPASIF :S + To be (is,am,are) + V3 + by_
132. PAST FORM Contoh: John bit Mary (active) AKTIF :S + V2 + OPASIF :S + be(was/were ) + V3 + by_Contoh:John bit Mary (active)Mary was bitten by John (passive)
143. CONTINOUS FORM Example: John is biting Marry (active) Marry is being bitten by John (Passive)AKTIF :S + To be + V-ing + OPASIF :S + To be + being + V3 + by
154. PERFECT FORM Example: John has bitten Marry (active) AKTIF :S + To be (has/have/had)+ V3 + OPASIF :S + To be (has/have/had ) been + V3 + byExample:John has bitten Marry (active)Marry has been bitten by John (Passive)
165. FUTURE FORM Example: John will bite Mary(active) AKTIF :S + will+ V1 + OPASIF :S + will+( be)inf + V3 + by_Example:John will bite Mary(active)Marry will bitten by John (Passive)
17The Conversion from Active Form to Passive Form PresentShe washes her dresses.She is washing her dresses.She has washing her dresses.Her dresses are washed.Her dresses are being washed.Her dresses have been washed.PastShe washed her dresses.She was washing her dresses.She had washed her dresses.Her dresses were washed.Her dresses were being washed.ContinousHer dresses is being washed.PerfectShe has washed her dresses.Her dresses has been washed.FutureShe will wash her dresses.Her dresses will be washed.
18KETERANGANUntuk mengubah kalimat aktif menjadi kalimat pasif adalah sebagai berikut:Tenses kalimat pasif sama dengan tense kalimat aktifSubjek dalam kalimat pasif berasal dari objek kalimat aktifObjek dalam kalimat pasif berasal dari subjek kalimat aktifVerb/kata kerja dalam kalimat aktif berupa menjadi to be + V3 atau to be + being + V3
19Subject + finite form of to be + Past Participle Form of PassiveSubject + finite form of to be + Past ParticipleExample: A letter was writtenWhen rewriting active sentences in passive voice, note the following:the object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentencethe finite form of the verb is changed (to be + past participle)the subject of the active sentence becomes the object of the passive sentence (or is dropped)
20Use of PassivePassive voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important or not known, however, who or what is performing the action.