Presentation on theme: "C O M PA R A T I V E S A N D S U P E R L A T I V E S Part 1: A D J E C T I V E S 6TH YEAR."— Presentation transcript:
C O M PA R A T I V E S A N D S U P E R L A T I V E S Part 1: A D J E C T I V E S 6TH YEAR
Comparatives and Superlatives A D J E C T I V E S An adjective describes a noun. They go BEFORE nouns. E.g. A beautiful car. They can also be used alone after the verb TO BE. E.g. He is intelligent. They have the same form in the singular and plural. E.g. He is tall. They are tall. (NOT: They are talls) Adjectives have got three forms: positive, comparative and superlative.
Comparatives and Superlatives Some adjectives: Alive- deadIntelligent- stupid Beautiful- uglyInteresting- boring Big- smallLight- heavy Bitter- sweetModern- traditional Cheap- expensiveNew-old Clean- dirtyNice- nasty Curly- straightPolite- rude/impolite Difficult- easyPoor- rich Early- lateQuiet- noisy Fat- thinRight- wrong Full- emptySafe- dangerous Good- badShort-long Happy- sad/unhappy Single- married Hardworking- lazy Soft- hard Hot- cold Wide- narrow
Comparatives and Superlatives C O M P A R A T I V E F O R M We use the COMPARATIVE FORM + THAN to compare TWO people, things, animals, countries, groups, concepts, etc. Examples Tom is taller than Richard. A car is more comfortable than a motorbike. A dog is friendlier than a cat. Spain is warmer than England. Students in class A are more respectful than students in class B. Humility is better than arrogance.
Comparatives and Superlatives G R A M M A R Short adjectives ONE-SYLLABLE or TWO SYLLABLE ending in Y. They add –ER suffix to the adjective. YOUNG: Sandra is younger than Annie. HAPPY: John was happier than Paul. Long adjectives TWO-SYLLABLE (no Y) o more syllables. They add MORE before the adjective. INTELLIGENT: Annie is more intelligent than Sandra.
Comparatives and Superlatives S P E L L I N G R U L E S Short adjectives: One-syllable adjectives ending in -E take –R in the comparative form. E.g. large…larger. Two-syllable adjectives ending in –Y turn the –Y into –I and –ER (-IER) Adjectives ending in stressed vowel between two consonants double the final consonant and then take -ER
Comparatives and Superlatives AdjectiveComparativeRules shortshorterone syllable: + er bigbiggerconsonant + vowel + consonant: double final consonant + er busybusierconsonant + y: ier relaxedmore relaxedtwo or more syllables: more + adjective goodbetterIrregular badworse farfarther- further littleless
PRACTICE: Make comparative sentences as the examples. London/ expensive/ Manchester London is more expensive than Manchester. Tierra del Fuego/ small/ Cordoba Tierra del fuego is smaller than Cordoba. 1- My sister/ thin/ me. (Present) My sister is thinner than me. 2- I/ busy/ this week/ last week. (Present) I am busier this week than last week. 3- The second exam/ bad/ the first one. (Past) The second exam was worse than the first one. 4- My new job/ boring/ my old one. (Present) My new job is more boring than my old one. 5- My granparents/ fat/ than yours. (Past) My grandparents were fatter than yours. 6- His car/ modern/ my motorbike. (Past) His car was more modern than my motorbike. Comparatives and Superlatives
Comparatives and Superlatives S U P E R L A T I V E F O R M We use THE+ SUPERLATIVE FORM + OF/IN To indicate that a person, thing, animal, country, group, concept, etc, modified have the quality of the adjective to a degree greater than that of anything it is being compared to in a given context. Examples The plane is the most comfortable means of transport of all. Tom is the tallest of all. Russia is the largest country in the world. (We use IN when we talk about places)
Comparatives and Superlatives G R A M M A R Short adjectives ONE-SYLLABLE or TWO SYLLABLE ending in Y. They add –EST suffix to the adjective. OLD: Pat is the oldest of all. BUSY: Susan is the busiest person of all. Long adjectives TWO-SYLLABLE (no Y) o more syllables. They add THE MOST before the adjective. INTERESTING: This book is the most interesting of all.
Comparatives and Superlatives ADJECTIVECOMPARATIVESUPERLATIVE coldcolderthe coldest hothotterthe hottest prettyprettierthe prettiest beautifulmore beautifulthe most beautiful goodbetterthe best badworsethe worst farfarther/furtherthe farthest/ the furthest littlelessthe least
Comparatives and Superlatives P R A C T I C E Complete the sentences with a superlative: a.This building is very old. It’s the oldest building in the town. b. It was a very happy day. It was …..…..…..of my life. THE HAPPIEST DAY c. It’s a very good film. It’s…………… I’ve seen. THE BEST FILM d. It was a very bad mistake. It was……………. in my life. THE WORST MISTAKE e. It was a very cold day. It was …………….of the year. THE COLDEST DAY
Comparatives and Superlatives f. She’s a popular singer. She’s……………. in the country. THE MOST POPULAR SINGER g. He’s a very boring person. He’s ………………I know. THE MOST BORING h. This house is very big. It is……………. I’ve lived in. THE BIGGEST HOUSE i. My cousin is very tall. He is ……………….I have. THE TALLEST COUSIN j. Laura is a very pretty girl. She is………… I know. THE PRETTIEST GIRL