Presentation on theme: "Adjectives, Comparatives, & Superlatives March 30, 2012 Diplomado."— Presentation transcript:
Adjectives, Comparatives, & Superlatives March 30, 2012 Diplomado
Adjective Describes a noun Find the adjectives in the sentences below: Mary is tall. We are funny. Michelle and Andrew are interesting people. The book was long and boring. School can be fun, but can it can also be stressful. I didn’t like the movie because it was too long, too violent and way too gory!
Comparative Compares two nouns using the same adjective Structure: Subject + verb + comparative + than + other subject Find the comparative in the sentences below: Mary is taller than Amy. We are funnier than you. Michelle is more interesting than Andrew.
Comparatives What 2 nouns are we comparing??? The book was longer and more boring than the movie. Work is more stressful than school, and school is more fun than work! I thought the movie was longer, more violent and gorier than the book.
Superlative Comparing more than 2 nouns using one adjective Find the Superlative in the sentences below: Mary is the tallest of all her friends. We are the funniest people here. Michelle is the most interesting of her sisters. The book was the longest and most boring book that I ever read. Work is the most stressful part of my day. Star Wars is the coolest movie I have ever seen.
Structure for Comparatives & Superlatives Word Structure AdjectiveComparativeSuperlative 1 syllabletall old long taller older longer tallest oldest longest 1 syllable with final “E” large wiser larger wiser largest wisest 1 syllable with final Vowel/Consonant big thin fat bigger thinner fatter biggest thinnest fattest
Structure for Comparatives & Superlatives Word Structure AdjectiveComparativeSuperlative 2 or more syllablespeaceful pleasant thoughtful more peaceful more pleasant more thoughtful most peaceful most pleasant most thoughtful 2 syllables final “Y” happy angry busy happier angrier busier happiest angriest busiest 2 syllables end -er, -le, -ow narrow gentle narrower gentler narrowest gentlest
Make some of your own Comparative & Superlatives: intelligent wet lucky wide gruesome scary little
Fill in the blanks newnewernewest longer worst modern nicest nearest flattest popular happier many cleverest
Present Perfect Structure [has/have + past participle] Examples: 1. You have seen that movie many times. 2. Have you seen that movie many times? 3. You have not seen that movie many times.
Present Perfect Form SubjectPositiveNegativeQuestion I You We They Have traveled.Have not traveled. Have (subject) traveled? He She Has Has traveled.Has not traveled. Has (subject) traveled?
Signal Words for Present Perfect already – I have already eaten, thank you. ever – Have you ever seen that movie? just – He has just arrived. never – We have never met before. not yet – They don’t have the money yet. Q: Have you paid? – A: Not yet. so far – The book has been good so far. till now – She hasn’t called till now. up to now – Up to now, it has been difficult to understand.
Use 1: Unspecified Time Before Now Experience I have been to France. Change over time You have grown since the last time I saw you. Accomplishments Man has walked on the moon. Uncompleted Action You’re Expecting James has not finished his homework yet. Multiple Actions at Different Times The army has attacked the city five times.
Use 2 Duration From the Past Until Now I have had a cold for two weeks. She has been in England for six months. Mary has loved chocolate since she was a little girl. Adverb Placement always, only, never, ever, still, just You have only seen that movie one time. Have you only seen that movie one time? Have you just arrived now? I have never been here before.
Put the verbs into the correct form (present perfect simple). 1. I (not / work) today. 2. We (buy) a new lamp. 3. We (not / plan) our holiday yet. 4. Where (be / you) ? 5. He (write) five letters.
1. She (not / see) him for a long time. 2. (be / you) at school? 3. School (not / start) yet. 4. (speak / he) to his boss? 5. No, he (have / not) the time yet.