Presentation on theme: "Understanding Design By choosing appropriate designs in clothing, people can make the most of their appearance. For job interviews and other special occasions,"— Presentation transcript:
Understanding Design By choosing appropriate designs in clothing, people can make the most of their appearance. For job interviews and other special occasions, they can look their best and feel more comfortable.
Shape and Size Frames Two people of the same height can be different because of size. Small Medium Large Size Ratios While one person may have a long upper body and short legs, another may have a short upper body and short legs, another may have a short upper body and long legs.
Geometric Shape Everyone has a different shape. Triangle: narrow shoulders and wide hips…also known as a pear shape. Inverted Triangle: wide shoulders and small hips…most men are this. Rectangle: about the same width at shoulders, waist and hips…also known as the ruler shape. Hour-glass: about the same at chest and hips and small at the waist. Round: small in chest and hips and wide in waist…also know as the apple shape.
Creating Illusions No matter what your body shape, size and height you can use the designs and colors in fabric to create illusions to your look. As you’ve learned, illusions make things appear different than they actually are. A person who wants to look thinner in the thighs can choose a clothing design and color that help to create that illusion.
Couple examples of Illusions
Elements of Design Color Line Shape Space Texture The elements of design are usually based on what the fabric looks like and how it can accentuate your body. Its all about the visual aspect of the garment.
Color Primary colors Yellow Blue Red Secondary Colors Orange Green Violet Intermediate Colors/ Tertiary Colors Blue-Green Blue-Violet Red-Orange Red-Violet Yellow-Green Yellow-Orange
Color Cont. Complimentary color- colors on opposite sides of the color wheel Analogous colors- colors next to each other on the color wheel Monochromatic colors- all the same color but with different shades and tints Shading- add black to any hue (color) Tinting- add white to any hue Toning- add the complimentary color
Enhancing Personal Color Everyone’s skin color has an undertone of either blue or yellow. This will help determine what colors look good on you. Colors have been broken up into the 4 seasons : Winter, Spring, Summer, and Autumn. The largest number of people in the world are of the winter season.
Winter And Summer Winter Hair is usually dark Most have brown eyes Their skin has a blue undertone Summer Rosy, delicate coloring with blue undertone Blush and Sunburn easily Blue eyes are most common
Spring and Autumn Spring Flaxen or strawberry blond to medium or reddish-brown hair Most have blue eyes Have yellow undertones Autumn People with dark skin tones Eyes are usually brown Skin that has freckles Hair with reddish highlights
Understanding Lines Line Types Straight Curved Zigzag Line Directions Vertical Horizontal Diagonal
Examples of Lines
Understanding Shape Also known as a silhouette, these shapes can either make the body shape underneath more or less noticeable. Natural- follows your body’s outline and fits close to emphasize the waistline. Tubular- is rectangular with a vertical emphasis. Bell- both diagonal and horizontal lines make up this shape. Full- have more horizontal and curved lines than the other shapes.
Understanding Space Once you make a shape you create space. Within that shape you can break it up with internal lines. This can be accomplished by using seams, decorative stitching and trims, and lines in the actual fabric. Think of the space within the garment and what you can do to embellish it.
Examples of Space
Understanding Texture This area describes the surface characteristics that determine the look and feel of an object. Fabric gets its texture from the fibers, yarn, construction, and finishes used. Just as color and line create illusions, textures create different impressions too.
Examples of Texture
Weaves That Create Texture A. Plain Weave B. Basket Weave C. Twill Weave D. Satin Weave A B C D
Texture in Patterns Patterns come in a array of styles: stripes, plaids, geometrics, florals, scenics, borders, etc. They can also be large or small, even or uneven, light or dark, spaced or clustered, muted or bold. All of these aspects affect the way you look.
Your assignment On the back table there is a basket filled with magazines. You will look through it and find an outfit you like. Carefully cut it out of the magazine and glue it in the middle of the piece of cardstock you have received.
Next Identify 3 elements of design Label them on the left side of your paper The right side will be filled in next class If you need to draw arrows to identify the element please do so Place your name and the period in a corner of your paper
My Example… Do NOT COPY MINE!!! Elements of Design 1.Color: In order to match the yellow/gold color they toned it down with the brown color 2.Texture: To add texture they used a floral print 3.Shape: The fit and flare of this dress make it a bell shape Ms. Reuel All Periods
How many of you have ever stood in front of your closet and have tried on one outfit after another to find one that works. You have followed all the of the elements but you also need some guidelines and that is what the principles of design do.
Principles of Design Balance Proportion Emphasis Rhythm Harmony Principles are more of the way the fabric works on the body, not so much what it looks like. It also has to do with how you dress it up and how you wear the garment.
Understanding Balance Symmetrical Balance When the spaces on each side of a garment look just the same….mirrored images Asymmetrical Balance Outfits that don’t look the same on both sides. However to make them balance they might add a pocket, buttons or even an accessory like a scarf.
Understanding Proportion This describes how separate parts of a garment relate to each other and to the whole in size. In fashion design they usually use a 3 to 5 ratio. They came up with this because about 3/8ths of a person’s total height is above the waist and 5/8ths below. Depending on your body size these ratios may change.
Here is an example About 3 heads high This part is about 5 heads high for a grand total of 8 when they are put together What do you think her body proportion would be?
Understanding Emphasis Emphasis is the focal point of a design, the part that draws your attention. On a garment they may use it for effect to make an outfit more unique or interesting. You should use emphasis to draw the eye to the parts you want to have be the center of interest.
Understanding Rhythm Repetition- A pattern repeats, as with rows of stripes. Radiation- Lines or patterns flow from a central location, the gathers in a skirt show this effect. Gradation- A pattern changes gradually, as in a change of size or color.
Understanding Harmony In the same way as music has harmony so does fashion. This is when all the elements of design compliment each other. Think of a bride on her wedding day. Not only does her shoes, hair, dress, and jewelry match, but they compliment the flowers, table setting and the other décor.
Putting it all together Any of these elements and principles can be played on to create individuality. Line Shape Space Texture Color Balance Proportion Emphasis Rhythm Harmony Good Design
Today’s Assignment Pull out your assignment from last class Identify 3 principles of design Fill in the 3 principles on the right side of the picture When completed place the assignment in the basket.
My Example… Do NOT COPY MINE!!! Elements of Design Principles of Design 1.Color: In order to match the yellow/gold color they toned it down with the brown color 2.Texture: To add texture they used a floral print 3.Shape: The fit and flare of this dress make it a bell shape A.Balance: This dress is symmetrical B.Harmony: Because the cardigan, bracelet, shoes and clutch match it creates harmony C. Emphasis: The emphasis in this dress is the midriff waistband Ms. Reuel Period All
Yours will look very different from mine unless you find the exact same dress, which is not likely. Check out each element and principle to see if any of them fit the outfit you picked out. This diagram is your best tool!!! Line Shape Space Texture Color Balance Proportion Emphasis Rhythm Harmony Good Design