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The Elements and Principles of Design

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Presentation on theme: "The Elements and Principles of Design"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Elements and Principles of Design
Tim Farrell AIFD,AAF,PFCI Dillon Floral Company September 15, 2013

2 Elements of Design The directly observable components, ingredients and physical characteristics of design

3 Line The vital visual path that directs eye movement through a composition

4 Line Static usually straight vertical or horizontal
Dynamic curving, slanted, zig-zag, contorted or meandering

5 Line Actual Line Physically, visually present
Implied Line Created with visual links

6 Form The shape or configuration of an individual component of the overall, three dimensional, geometric shape or configuration.

7 Form Flowers Mass Flowers Line Flowers Filler Flowers Form Flowers

8 Form Flowers Mass Flowers Line Flowers Filler Flowers Form Flowers

9 Form Flowers Mass Flowers Line Flowers Filler Flowers Form Flowers

10 Form Flowers Mass Flowers Line Flowers Filler Flowers Form Flowers

11 Form Compositions Geometric Forms Abstract Forms Open Forms
Closed Forms

12 Space The area in, around and between the components of the design, defined by the three-dimensional area occupied by the composition.

13 Space Negative Space The Planed area within a design that is void of materials. The space becomes AS important as the other components in the design

14 Texture The surface quality of a material, as perceived by sight or touch.

15 Pattern 1) A repeated combination of line, form, color, texture, and/or space 2) The silhouette of a flower or an arrangement as observed against its background, including solids and spaces.

16 Fragrance A sweet or pleasing odor, perceived by the sense of smell

17 Size The Physical dimensions of line, form and space.
Appropriateness of size

18 Color The visual response of the eye to reflected rays of light

19 Primary Colors Red Blue Yellow

20 Primary Colors

21 Secondary Colors Green Orange Violet

22 Secondary Colors

23 Tertiary Colors Red-Orange Red- Violet Blue –Violet Blue-Green
Yellow-Green Yellow-Orange

24 Monochromatic Monochromatic Tints, tomes and shades of the same hue

25 Monochromatic

26 Complimentary Color A pair of hues directly opposite each other on the color wheel

27 Complimentary Colors

28 Split Compliment A trio of hues, consisting of a hue and the two hues on either side of its direct compliment.

29 Split Compliment

30 Analogous Color A grouping of three adjacent hues on the color wheel; one color dominates.

31 Analogous Color

32 The Principles of Design
The Fundamental guidelines to aesthetic design that govern the organization of the elements and materials in accordance with nature.

33 Primary Principles of Design
Balance Dominance Rythhm Proportion Contrast Harmony Scale

34 Balance A state of equilibrium, actual and visual; a feeling of three-dimensional stability.

35 Proportion The comparative relationship in size, quantity, and degree of emphasis among the components within the composition; the relationship of one portion to another, or of one portion to the whole.

36 Proportion Secondary Principle Scale

37 Scale Relationship of size of composition to environment

38 Dominance The visual organization within a design that emphasizes one or more aspects. When on element is emphasized, others are subordinate

39 Dominance Secondary Principles Emphasis Focal area/ Focal Point Accent

40 Emphasis The special attention or importance given to one or more areas within a design

41 Focal Area/Focal Point
The area of greatest visual impact or weight; the center of interest to which the eye is most naturally drawn

42 Accent Detail added to the design to provide additional interest, affecting the total character of the composition.

43 Contrast Emphasis by means of difference; strength through opposition

44 Contrast Secondary Principles of Design Opposition Tension Variation

45 Opposition Contrast between elements which are counterpoint in relation to each other, bringing about a sense of tension in design

46 Tension The dynamic, aesthetic quality achieved by the skillful use of opposition, implying or suggesting a sense of energy

47 Variation Dissimilarity among attributes or characteristics

48 Rhythm Visual movement through a design, usually achieved through repetition or gradation

49 Rhythm Secondary Principles of Design Depth Repetition Transition

50 Depth The placement of materials at different levels within and around an arrangement

51 Repetition The recurrence of like elements within a composition

52 Transition The ease of visual movement which results from gradual degrees of change among one or more of the elements

53 Harmony Compatibility; a pleasing or congruent arrangement of parts

54 Unity Oneness of purpose, thought, style, and spirit

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