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Medical Terminology EFE Veterinary Science. POINTS OF THE DOG (EXTERNAL ANATOMY)

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Presentation on theme: "Medical Terminology EFE Veterinary Science. POINTS OF THE DOG (EXTERNAL ANATOMY)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Medical Terminology EFE Veterinary Science

2 POINTS OF THE DOG (EXTERNAL ANATOMY)

3 Points of the Dog

4 Pinna Nostril (nares) Muzzle Stop Forehead Commissure of mouth Flews (floppy lips)

5 Directional Terms 2

6 Species Names Canine Feline Equine Porcine Bovine Ovine Caprine Avian

7 Suffixes -itis Inflammation of. – Tonsillitis – Dermatitis – meningitis.

8 Suffixes -pathy Disease of – (Pathology) – Neuropathy – Psycopathy – Endocrinopathy

9 Suffixes - ology The study of – Biology – Pathology – Histopathology – Pathobiology – cardiology

10 Suffixes -ectomy The removal of – Tonsillectomy – Appendectomy – Splenectomy – lobectomy

11 Suffixes -tomy To make an incision or opening in – Tracheotomy – Lobotomy – Osteotomy – Gastrotomy

12 Suffixes -ostomy A created opening – Colostomy – Tracheostomy – (Stoma)

13 Suffixes -plasty Surgical repair of – Rhinoplasty – Dermatoplasty – Osteoplasty – (plastic surgery)

14 Suffixes -scope An instrument to view (or hear) something – Microscope – Stethoscope – Endoscope – Arthroscope

15 Suffixes -algia Pain – Neuralgia – Fibromyalgia – (analgesic)

16 Suffixes -centesis To place a needle into, usually to obtain a sample or to remove a substance – Cystocentesis – Thoracocentesis – Abdominocentesis – pericardiocentesis

17 Suffixes -osis A condition of – Dermatosis – Thrombosis – Nephrosis

18 Adjective Endings -ic -al -ical ac Gastric Terminal Medical cardiac

19 Noun Endings -y -ia -um -is -a Ovary Pneumonia Cerebrum Pelvis plasma

20 Root Words Digestive System Esophag(o) Esophagus – Esophagostomy – Esophagitis

21 Root Words Digestive System Gastr(o) Stomach – Gastritis – Gastrotomy – gastrointestinal

22 Root Words Digestive System Enter(o) Intestines – Enterococcus – Enterotomy – gastroenteritis

23 Root Words Digestive System Hepat(o) Liver – Hepatitis – Hepatopathy – hepatic

24 Root Words Digestive System Chol(e) Gall bladder – Cholecystectomy – cholestasis

25 Root Words Digestive System Dent(o) Dont(o) Teeth – Dental – Orthodontist – Odontoclast

26 Root Words Digestive System Gingiv(o) Gums – Gingivitis – gingivectomy

27 Root Words Digestive System Duoden(o) Duodenum (first part of the small intestine, where food goes after the stomach) – Gastroduodenal

28 Root Words Digestive System Pancrea(t)(o) Pancreas – Pancreatic – pancreatitis

29 Root Words Circulatory System Cyt(o) Cell – Cytology – Leukocyte – polycythemia

30 Root Words Circulatory System Cardi(o) Heart – Cardiology – Pericardium – endocarditits

31 Root Words Circulatory System Hem(o), hemat(o) Blood – Hematology – Hematocrit – hemorrhage

32 Root Words Circulatory System Erythr(o) Red – Erythrocyte – erythema

33 Root Words Circulatory System Leuk(o) White – Leukocyte – Leukemia

34 Root Words Circulatory System Arteri(o) Artery – Arterial – Arteriosclerosis

35 Root Words Circulatory System Ven(o) Vein – Venous

36 Root Words Circulatory System Phleb- Blood vessel – Phlebotomy – phlebitis

37 Root Words Circulatory System Splen(o) Spleen – Splenectomy – splenic

38 Root Words Musculoskeletal System My(o)- Muscle – Myositis – myopathy

39 Root Words Musculoskeletal System Chondr(o)- Cartilage – Chondrodysplasia – osteochondritis

40 Root Words Musculoskeletal System Crani(o) Head – Cranial – Cranium

41 Root Words Musculoskeletal System Arthr(o) Joint – Arthritis – arthroscopic

42 Root Words Musculoskeletal System Orth(o) To correct or straighten – Orthodontic – orthopedics

43 Root Words Musculoskeletal System Oste(o) bone – Osteoarthritis – Periosteum – osteotomy

44 Root Words Musculoskeletal System Cervic(o) Neck (of the body or a body part) – Cervical spine

45 Root Words The Respiratory System Thorac(o) Chest – Thoracotomy – Thoracocentesis – Thoracic spine

46 Root Words The Respiratory System Trache(o) Trachea (windpipe) – Tracheitis – Tracheostomy – transtracheal

47 Root Words The Respiratory System Pulmon(o) Lungs – Pulmonary – pulmonic

48 Root Words The Respiratory System Pneum(o) Air and lungs – Pneumonic – Pneumonia

49 Root Words The Respiratory System Bronch(o) Bronchi – Bronchitis – bronchopneumonia

50 Root Words The Neurologic System Cerebr(o) Brain – Cerebral

51 Root Words The Neurologic System Encephal(o) Brain tissue – Encephalitis – encephalopathy

52 Root Words The Neurologic System Neur(o) Nerves, neurologic system – Neurology – neuropathy

53 Root Words The Sensory System Rhin(o) Nose – Rhinoceros – Rhinoplasty – rhinitis

54 Root Words The Sensory System Dermat(o) Skin – Dermatitis – dermatologist

55 Root Words The Sensory System Ophthalm(o) Eye – Ophthalmoscope – ophthalmology

56 Root Words The Sensory System Ot(o) Ear – Otoscope – otitis – otolaryngitis

57 Root Words The Urogenital System Nephr(o) Kidney – Nephritis – nephrologist

58 Root Words The Urogenital System Cyst(o) Bladder (urinary) – Cystitis – Cystocentesis – cystotomy

59 Root Words The Urogenital System Hyster(o) Uterus – Hysterectomy – hysterical

60 Root Words The Urogenital System Ovari(o) Ovary – Ovaiohysterectomy

61 Root Words The Urogenital System Urethr(o) Urethra – Urethrostomy – Urethritis – Not to be confused with ureter

62 Miscellaneous Root Words Aden(o) Glands – Lymphadenopathy – adenitis

63 Miscellaneous Root Words Hist(o) Tissue – Histology – histopathology

64 Miscellaneous Root Words Umbilic(o) Umbilical cord, navel, bellybutton – Umbilical hernia

65 Miscellaneous Root Words Adren(o) adrenal gland adrenaline

66 Miscellaneous Root Words lymph(o) Lymph (node or fluid) – Lymphadenitis – lymphoma

67 Miscellaneous Root Words Abdomin(o) Abdomen – Abdominocentesis – Abdominal

68 Miscellaneous Root Words Path(o) Disease – Pathology – cardiomyopathy

69 Prefixes brady Slow – bradycardia

70 Prefixes tachy Fast – tachycardia

71 Prefixes Epi- Upon – Epidermis – Epithelium – epinephrine

72 Prefixes peri Surrounding, around – Pericardium – perimortem

73 Prefixes trans Across – transtracheal

74 Prefixes hyper Too much – Hyperactive – hyperthermia

75 Prefixes Hypo- Too little, under – Hypothyroid – hypoxia

76 Prefixes Micro- Small – Microscope – micrometer

77 Prefixes Macro- Large – Macrocyte – (maximum)

78 Prefixes Mono- One, single – monocular

79 Prefixes Uni- One – Unique – Unilateral – unison

80 Prefixes Poly- Many – Polycythemia – polyarthritis

81 Prefixes Neo- New – Neoplasia (cancer)

82 Prefixes Pre- Before – Premature – preoperative

83 Prefixes Post- After – Postoperative – Post-seizure

84 Prefixes Sub- Under, below – Subcutaneous – subdural

85 Prefixes Ecto- Outside – ectoparasite


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