6Exploring Africa 1. The Gold Coast 2. Western Africa 3. East Africa 4. Mozambique
7The Early Slave Trade 1. Islamic Empire controlled the slave trade. 2. Intra-African Trade3. Establishment of Trade Posts (later for slave trade) – 40 along the West Coast4. European expansion to the New World leads to increased demands for slaves.
8Slave Trade Years Number of Slaves % of overall trade ,000 -1500 – ,1601 – ,348,1701 – ,090,1801 – ,466,____________________________________________Total 11,233,
10The Decline of Portuguese Influence Few permanent settlementsRacial AssimilationAnnexation by SpainPolitical InstabilityColonial Wars (Mozambique and Angola)International Competition
11Colonial Africa The Scramble for Africa (1880 – 1900) Britain Italy FranceGermanySpainBelgiumNetherlands
12THE BRITISH COME TO AFRICA British ship brings back gold from Guinea1650s – British begin building forts on the West Coast of Africa, including the fort at Cape Coast1700s – 1800s – British become heavily involved in the slave trade1807 – Britain abolishes the slave trade1817 – Britain begins to take control of people living on the coast with the consent of the Ashanti state.
13THE FRENCH COME TO AFRICA 1624 – France est. trading posts in Senegal1774 – Conflict with Britain destroys French colonialism1830 – France invades Algeria
14BERLIN CONFERENCE1884 – Portugal requests Otto von Bismark solve the “Africa Problem”14 countries invitedAustria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden-Norway (unified from ), Turkey, and the United States of America.Germany France, G.B. and Portugal are the major players
15Carving Up Africa 80% of the continent was self-governed Africa is carved into 50 countries and superimposed over the 1000 indigenous cultures.
16Who Got What?Great Britain – Egypt, Sudan, Uganda, Kenya (British East Africa), South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana (Rhodesia), Nigeria and Ghana (Gold Coast)France – Mauritania to Chad (French West Africa), and Gabon and the Republic of Congo (French Equatorial Africa)Belgium – Democratic Republic of the Congo (Belgian Congo)Portugal – Mozambique, Guinea and AngolaItaly – Somalia (Italian Somaliland) and Eritrea.Germany – Namibia (German Southwest Africa) and Tanzania (German East Africa)Spain – Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni)