5The Latin West Western Europeans regarded themselves as “Latin” due to their allegiance to the Latin rites of Christianity and to the Pope in Rome.Latin was also the language used by their literate members.
6The Latin West90% of the western European population was rural during the late Middle Ages.The manor system did not create a huge surplus of food.Peasants overworked and underpaid by Lords
7Three Field System Agricultural system used to increase crop yields. Crops grown on 2/3 of land.1/3 of farm planted in oats.Oats replenished the soil and fed draft animals to help work fields.54 hour week avg. for farmers.Population growth leads to new settlements as food production increases.
8Swamps drained forests cleared for farms. After 1250 many farming on land with poor soilGreat FamineDue to bad weather and poor soils.Starvation widespread in Europe.Life expectancy years.
9Black DeathBubonic plague brought to Europe by Genoese )Italian) traders.
10Black DeathKilled 1 out of every 3 western Europeans
16Social RebellionWat Tyler in 1381 led English peasants in a revolt in London.Demanded an end to serfdom and most kinds of manorial dues (taxes).Wanted higher wages and social changes.Murdered the archbishop of Canterbury and many officials.
17Serfdom practically disappears. The welfare of the rural masses generally improved after the Black Death.
18Population GrowthFrom population of Europe doubles to 80 million (about the same as China’s)Causes:Economic growthWarm temperaturesFew epidemicsNew farming techniques
19New IndustriesWater wheels, windmills and mines spring up along rivers.WaterwheelsHad long been common in Islamic societiesAlong with windmills provided power for increased food production and jobs.
20Rise of Industry and Cities The water wheel provided the power for increased production.Wind and water driven mills ground flour and corn.The technology had existed in the Islamic world for a century.Mill owners soon became very rich men!