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Oromia Region: Environmental and livestock characteristics Ed Rege, ILRI 25 February 2003.

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Presentation on theme: "Oromia Region: Environmental and livestock characteristics Ed Rege, ILRI 25 February 2003."— Presentation transcript:

1 Oromia Region: Environmental and livestock characteristics Ed Rege, ILRI 25 February 2003

2 Introduction  Total area = 366,000 Sq. Km; 32% of the country  Geographical diversity: Land elevation from 500 to 4300m asl  Human population = 19 Million; 90% in the rural areas  Richest in livestock resources

3 Zones of Oromia Region Borana Arsi West Hararge East Hararge Bale North Shoa East Shoa West Shoa Jimma East Wellega West Wellega Illubabor

4 Main characteristics Environmental characteristics  Agro-ecological Zone  Production system Livestock characteristics  Livestock density  Types of species  Prevalence of diseases

5 Agro-ecological zone  Dega – Highland ( m asl)  Weina Dega – Midland ( m asl)  Kolla – Lowland ( m asl)

6 Agro-ecological zone (cont.) Kolla (Lowland) Weina Dega (Midland) Dega (Highland) Agro-ecological zones Source: Ethiopian Mapping Agency and Ministry of Agriculture 2000

7 Agro-ecological zone (cont.) Kolla (Lowland) Weina Dega (Midland) Dega (Highland) Percentages of selected households by agro-ecological zone

8 Livestock density  Low – 1 to 50 animals/km 2  Medium – 51 to 100 animals/km 2  High – 101 to 200 animals/km 2  Very high – > 200 animals/km 2

9 Livestock density (cont.) Low = 1-50 Medium = High = Very high = >200 Livestock density (no/km²)

10 Livestock density (cont.) Low = 1-50 animals/km 2 Medium = ‘’ High = ‘’ Very high = >200 ‘’ Percentages of selected households by livestock density

11 Livestock density agro- ecological zone by Very High LowMedium High Livestock density DegaWeina DegaKolla

12 Production system  Crop-livestock systems  Agro-Pastoralists systems  Pastoralists systems

13 Production system (cont.) Crop- livestock systemsAgro-pastoralistPastoralist

14 Production system by zone No. ofCrop-livestock ZonehouseholdssystemAgro-pastoralistPastoralist Borana Bale Arsi East Shoa West Hararge East Hararge North Shoa West Shoa East Wollega Jimma Illubabor West Wollega1991< 1- Production system Percentages of selected households by Zone and agro-ecological zone

15 Production system by agro- ecological zone

16 Livestock species Percentages of households owning species of livestock %

17 Livestock species by agro- ecological zone

18 Livestock species by production system Percentages of households owning species of livestock by production system

19 Prevalence of diseases of cattle by agro-ecological zone Blackleg Anthrax FMD Skin diseases Pasteurollosis Bloat Tryps Mastitis CBPP Lung diseases Internal parasites Other diseases Dega Weina Dega Kolla %

20 Prevalence of diseases of cattle by livestock density Blackleg Anthrax FMD Skin diseases Pasteurollosis Bloat Tryps Mastitis CBPP Lung diseases Internal parasites Other diseases Low Medium High Very high %

21 Prevalence of diseases of cattle by Zone Percentages of households reporting prevalences of diseases by Zone

22 Conclusions  In general livestock density is higher in highland areas than in midland and lowland areas  Crop-livestock systems are the predominant production system in the Region  Agro-pastoralist and pastoralist are more often found in lowland areas  Nearly all the selected households kept cattle  Most species are found in all agro-ecological zones. Camels are predominantly found in lowland areas and horses in highland areas

23 Conclusions (cont.)  Cattle, sheep and donkeys occur in all production systems. Goats and camels tend to occur more often in pastoralist systems, and horses in crop-livestock systems  Blackleg was reported to be the most prevalent disease, followed by anthrax. Trypanosomosis was more prevalent in lowland areas. Prevalence of mastitis increased with livestock density


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