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REPUBLIC OF NIGER Fraternité Travail Progrès MINISTRY OF LIVESTOCK LIVESTOCK OUR WEALTH NIGER LIVESTOCK SECTOR : PROVEN COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE AND A STRONG.

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Presentation on theme: "REPUBLIC OF NIGER Fraternité Travail Progrès MINISTRY OF LIVESTOCK LIVESTOCK OUR WEALTH NIGER LIVESTOCK SECTOR : PROVEN COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE AND A STRONG."— Presentation transcript:

1 REPUBLIC OF NIGER Fraternité Travail Progrès MINISTRY OF LIVESTOCK LIVESTOCK OUR WEALTH NIGER LIVESTOCK SECTOR : PROVEN COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE AND A STRONG POTENTIAL

2 2 PRESENTATION PLAN I. INTRODUCTION II. Niger’s Livestock Breeds And Breeding centers III. Niger Exportation of Livestock and livestock products

3 3 INTRODUCTON With the best comparative advantage of west Africa, livestock production in Niger:  Is a traditional activity for 87 % of the population;  Benefit from the availability of over square km of grazing land (pastoral zone) that allow production at lower cost ;  Has an important stock of live animals estimated at more than 38 millions (2012) of heads of cattle, sheep, goats, camels, donkey and horses representing about billions of FCFA;  Has diversified species and races of livestock known to have a high aptitude in term of milk and beef production as well as the quality of the meat, the hides and skins; Economically, livestock contribute up to 12% of the GDP; its exportation is the second source of exportation income of the country (just behind mining resources), it represent 62% of rural sector exportation income and 21 % of the overall exportation income of the country

4 4 The pastoral zone and others agro-ecological zones Pastoral zone: square km of rangeland devoted for livestock breeding

5 5 II. Niger’s Livestock Breeds And Breeding centers

6 6 Azawak breed  Characteristics  Skin color: Tawny uniform  Height: Male : m ______Female : m  Reproduction performances  Fisrt Calving age: 3 years  Calving interval :13 months  Fecondity rate: 70 à 75%  weight performances  Mean weight at calving: Male: kg ; female: kg. bw  Mean weight at adulthood : Male (400 Kg. bw), femelle (250 Kg. bw)  carcass yield: 48 à 52 %

7 7 Bororo breed Bororo breed  Characteristics Skin color :Brown uniform or mahogany color  Reproduction performances  First calving age: 42 months  weight performances  Mean weight at adult age : male ( Kg) et female (250 – 300 Kg)  Carcass yield : 40 à 50 %

8 8 Goudali breed Goudali breed  Characteristics  Skin color: Dirty whitish  Height: 1.30 m  Weight performances  Mean weight at adulthood : male ( Kg.) ; female ( Kg.)  carcass yield : 55 % Djelli breed Djelli breed  Characteristics Skin color : whitish or patched with black spots Height: m  Reproduction performances  First calving age : 42 months  weight performances  Mean weight at adulthood : 300 Kg.  carcass yield : 48 à 50 %

9 9 kouri breed kouri breed  Characteristics  Skin color: Whitish uniform or Isabel color  Height: 1.40 – 1.50 m  Reproduction performances  First calving age: 3 years  Calving interval : 15 months  Fecundity rate: 67 à 76 %  weight performances  Mean weight at calving: Male 25 kg; female kg  Mean weight at adult hood : Male Kg.; female (400 Kg.)  carcass yield : 55 %  DWG: 635 gram

10 10 Sheep breeds Oudah breed Oudah breed The skin is bicolor; the forequarter is either black or brown while the hindquarter is always white in color Height: cm carcass yield : 48-58% Ara - ara breed Ara - ara breed Height: cm weight: 40 à 50 kg.bw Excellent breed for mutton yielding Bali bali breed Bali bali breed Most Common color skin color is whitish Height: cm Weight: kg.bw Balami breed Balami breed Skin color : whitish Height : cm Weight: kg.bw

11 11 Goat breeds Sahel goat breed - Height: 80 cm - Weight: kg.bw Maradi Brown goat breed Highly prolific - prolificity rate 164% - fertility rate: % - fecundity rate: 141% Mean weight : - At kidding: kg.bw - At Adulthood:- male: kg.bw - female: kg.bw carcass yield : 52% Best leather in the world

12 12 Camel breeds Azaouak breed – Height: 2 – 2.10 m – Mean weight: 450kg Gouré brown breed – Height: 1.80m – Mean weight: 550kg Azarghah breed – Height: 2m – weight :370 kg

13 13 State Breeding centers: localisation Seven state breeding centers located all over the country Seven state breeding centers located all over the country

14 14 III. Niger: Exportation of Livestock and livestock products Cattle offers and demands: 5 years means Sheep offers and demands: 5 years means III. 1. Livestock Market: offers (blue) and demands (red)

15 15 III. 2. Livestock Exportations Millions of heads of livestock are every year exported to west African countries Millions of heads of livestock are every year exported to west African countries

16 16 Capacity of supply: 3000 Hides, Sheep skins and Goat skins per month III. 2. Hides and skins Exportations and capacity of supply

17 17 III. 4. Niger Livestock trading circuit

18 18 III. 5. West Africa Livestock trading circuit

19 19


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