Presentation on theme: "Global Involvements and World War I, 1902 – 1920 Chapter 22."— Presentation transcript:
Global Involvements and World War I, 1902 – 1920 Chapter 22
2 Readings Pp. 663-671 Pp.671-683 Pp. 684-694 Also, make sure you have read Company K excerpts “Our Boys” article “Influenza, 1918”
3 Introduction Jane Addams –Urged increased food production –Fought for lower infant mortality rates –Organized Women’s International League –1931 Nobel Peace Prize
4 Defining America’s World Role, 1902-1914 Events of the 1890’s signaled America’s growing involvement in World affairs
5 The “Open Door”: Competing for the China Market Open Door –Textile investments –Railroad construction Boxer Rebellion –Harmonious Righteous Fists –Secretary of State John Hay –“informal empire” –250,00o international army Open Door notes –1900 Sec. Hay 467 million X 1.25 per Shirt
6 The Panama Canal: Hardball Diplomacy 1879 French company 1888 bankrupt 1902 sold to US 40 million Colombia? NO! “Greedy little Anthropoids” Philippe Bunau-Varilla New York Hotel revolution Nov. 3, 1903 US warship 10 miles in perpetuity Walter Reed –Army Medical Corps –Yellow Fever –Gorgas Panama Canal –1906 –1914 –Colombia gave in –1921$25 million
7 Roosevelt Asserts U.S. Power in Latin America and Asia Roosevelt –Venezuela –Great Britain, Germany, Italy –Dominican Republic –“Roosevelt Corollary” to the Monroe Doc. –“wrongdoing” –“Talk Softly but carry a big stick!”
8 Great White Fleet San Francisco Board of Education –No Asians in schools! “Yellow Peril” –California journalists “While Peril” –Japanese journalists 16 gleaming battleships Japan and Russia cut us out of China! Oh, if the first Roosevelt had only known!
9 Taft Asserts US Power Revolt against Adolfo Diaz in Nicaragua Taft sends marines who stay until 1933 Russia attacks and invades Manchuria Russo-Japanese War Japan sunk Russian fleet 1904
10 Map 22.1: U.S. Hegemony in the Caribbean and Latin America
11 Wilson and Latin America John J. Pershing “Black Jack”
12 War in Europe "Rule Britannia" "Rule, Britannia! rule the waves: "Britons never will be slaves."
13 The Coming of War "I Didn't Raise My Boy to Be a Soldier"
14 The Perils of Neutrality Britain loses the Battle of Jutland. Britain declares North Sea a “war zone.” Germany declares waters off the coast of Britain a “war zone.” President Wilson: “Americans are to stay neutral in thought and in actions.” American banks loan $27 million to Germany American banks loan $4.3 billion to allies.
15 Lusitania May 7, 1915 Sunk off the coast of Ireland 128 Americans killed Secretly carrying munitions
16 Presidential Election of 1916 “He kept us OUT of War” Wilson defeats Charles Evans Hughes of New York, a Republican. Roosevelt roars, “The only difference in the two is the mustache—cowards.”
17 The United States Enters the War Wilson is elected in November. Russia is disabled from the war. Germany resumes “unrestricted U-boat warfare.” Czar is arrested. Democratic government comes to power in Russia. Yea, right! U-boats sink 5 American ships. Zimmerman Telegram to Germany’s ambassador to Mexico is intercepted. “Help us, and get back your lost territories.” April 2, 1917 Joint resolution to Congress. “Let us go and make the world safe for democracy.”
18 Mobilizing at Home, Fighting in France, 1917-1918 Casualties –Allied 70% casualties –US 8% in 19 months
19 Raising, Training and Testing an Army Selective Service Act (May 1917) Commission on Training Camp Activities American Expeditionary Force (AEF)
20 Organizing the Economy for War War Industries Board –Fuel Administration –Food Administration “Meatless Mondays” Wheatless Wednesdays “Serve Beans By All Means” Harriot Stanton Blatch
21 Personalities Kaiser WilhelmCount Alfred von Schlieffen Paul von Hindenburg
22 French Allies French general Victor Michel French general Ferdinand Foch French general Joseph Joffre
23 British Russian and American Allies General Earl Haig, “Butcher Haig” as some came to call him for 2 million British casualties King George V, Black Jack Pershing, Czar Nicholas II Notice anything abut George V and Nicholas? Voice of Nicholas II, last Czar of Russia
24 With the Expeditionary Force in France As early as 1916 American volunteers jointed a French air unit known as the Lafayette Escadrille (squadron).
34 Flanders Fields In the Trenches recreation "In Flanders Fields"
35 With the AEF “A German bullet is cleaner than a whore.” “For God’s sake don’t show this to the President, he’ll stop the war.” German spring 1918 offensives along the Aisne River and Marne Harlem Hellfighters
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