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The Gradual Path of Buddhism We all travel at different paces, and we are all at different stages of progress, at different parts of our lives. There is.

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Presentation on theme: "The Gradual Path of Buddhism We all travel at different paces, and we are all at different stages of progress, at different parts of our lives. There is."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Gradual Path of Buddhism We all travel at different paces, and we are all at different stages of progress, at different parts of our lives. There is NO ‘one-size fits all’ philosophy in Buddhism!

2 The Gradual Path of Buddhism We all travel at different paces, and we are all at different stages of progress, at different parts of our lives. There is NO ‘one-size fits all’ philosophy in Buddhism!

3 The Gradual Path of Buddhism We all travel at different paces, and we are all at different stages of progress, at different parts of our lives. There is NO ‘one-size fits all’ philosophy in Buddhism!

4 The Gradual Path of Buddhism Buddhism is a gradual path of progress that recognizes people are all different. One of the great teachings of the Buddha - The Mangala Sutta - guides us along this gradual path.

5 The Gradual Path of Buddhism Buddhism is a gradual path of progress that recognizes people are all different. One of the great teachings of the Buddha - The Mangala Sutta - guides us along this gradual path.

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10 Get yourself on the right path Cultivate good friendships Avoid wrongful occupations Follow a code of discipline Develop the 10 Meritorious Deeds Help others Take Refuge Be in touch with the Dhamma Seriously practice the 8 Fold Path Break the 10 Fetters The Gradual Path

11 Get yourself on the right path Cultivate good friendships Follow a code of discipline Avoid wrongful occupations Help others Develop the 10 Meritorious Deeds Taking Refuge Be in touch with the Dhamma Seriously practice the 8 Fold Path Breaking the 10 Fetters The Gradual Path

12 Cultivate good friendships Mangala Sutta : 1 st Blessing – Associate not with the foolish. 2 nd Blessing – Associate with the wise. The Buddha to Ananda : “Not half, but a person's entire life is established on friendship, companionship and association with the good." Choose your friends wisely!

13 Cultivate good friendships Mangala Sutta : 1 st Blessing – Associate not with the foolish. 2 nd Blessing – Associate with the wise. The Buddha to Ananda : “Not half, but a person's entire life is established on friendship, companionship and association with the good." Choose your friends wisely!

14 Cultivate good friendships Mangala Sutta : 1 st Blessing – Associate not with the foolish. 2 nd Blessing – Associate with the wise. The Buddha to Ananda : “Not half, but a person's entire life is established on friendship, companionship and association with the good." Choose your friends wisely!

15 Cultivate good friendships Mangala Sutta : 1 st Blessing – Associate not with the foolish. 2 nd Blessing – Associate with the wise. The Buddha to Ananda : “Not half, but a person's entire life is established on friendship, companionship and association with the good." Choose your friends wisely!

16 Cultivate good friendships Mangala Sutta : 1 st Blessing – Associate not with the foolish. 2 nd Blessing – Associate with the wise. The Buddha to Ananda : “Not half, but a person's entire life is established on friendship, companionship and association with the good." Choose your friends wisely!

17 Cultivate good friendships Mangala Sutta : 1 st Blessing – Associate not with the foolish. 2 nd Blessing – Associate with the wise. The Buddha to Ananda : “Not half, but a person's entire life is established on friendship, companionship and association with the good." Choose your friends wisely!

18 Get yourself on the right path Cultivate good friendships Follow a code of discipline Avoid wrongful occupations Help others Develop the 10 Meritorious Deeds Taking Refuge Be in touch with the Dhamma Seriously practice the 8 Fold Path Breaking the 10 Fetters The Gradual Path

19 Get yourself on the right path Cultivate good friendships Avoid wrongful occupations Follow a code of discipline Help others Develop the 10 Meritorious Deeds Taking Refuge Be in touch with the Dhamma Seriously practice the 8 Fold Path Breaking the 10 Fetters The Gradual Path

20 The Five Precepts 1. Abstain from harming and killing 2. Abstain from taking what is not given 3. Abstain from sexual misconduct 4. Abstain from lying and false speech 5. Abstain from abuse of intoxicants and drugs

21 The Five Precepts 1. Abstain from harming and killing 2. Abstain from taking what is not given 3. Abstain from sexual misconduct 4. Abstain from lying and false speech 5. Abstain from abuse of intoxicants and drugs

22 The Five Precepts 1. Abstain from harming and killing 2. Abstain from taking what is not given 3. Abstain from sexual misconduct 4. Abstain from lying and false speech 5. Abstain from abuse of intoxicants and drugs

23 The Five Precepts 1. Abstain from harming and killing 2. Abstain from taking what is not given 3. Abstain from sexual misconduct 4. Abstain from lying and false speech 5. Abstain from abuse of intoxicants and drugs

24 The Five Precepts 1. Abstain from harming and killing 2. Abstain from taking what is not given 3. Abstain from sexual misconduct 4. Abstain from lying and false speech 5. Abstain from abuse of intoxicants and drugs

25 The Five Precepts 1. Abstain from harming and killing 2. Abstain from taking what is not given 3. Abstain from sexual misconduct 4. Abstain from lying and false speech 5. Abstain from abuse of intoxicants and drugs

26 Get yourself on the right path Cultivate good friendships Avoid wrongful occupations Follow a code of discipline Help others Develop the 10 Meritorious Deeds Taking Refuge Be in touch with the Dhamma Seriously practice the 8 Fold Path Breaking the 10 Fetters The Gradual Path

27 Get yourself on the right path Cultivate good friendships Avoid wrongful occupations Follow a code of discipline Develop the 10 Meritorious Deeds Help others Taking Refuge Be in touch with the Dhamma Seriously practice the 8 Fold Path Breaking the 10 Fetters The Gradual Path

28 Get yourself on the right path Cultivate good friendships Avoid wrongful occupations Follow a code of discipline Develop the 10 Meritorious Deeds Help others Taking Refuge Be in touch with the Dhamma Seriously practice the 8 Fold Path Breaking the 10 Fetters The Gradual Path

29 Kamma Throughout our lives, we are continually creating good and bad kamma through 3 types of actions : 1. Actions of body 2. Actions of speech 3. Actions of mind

30 Kamma Throughout our lives, we are continually creating good and bad kamma through 3 types of actions : 1. Actions of body 2. Actions of speech 3. Actions of mind

31 Kamma Throughout our lives, we are continually creating good and bad kamma through 3 types of actions : 1. Actions of body 2. Actions of speech 3. Actions of mind

32 Kamma Throughout our lives, we are continually creating good and bad kamma through 3 types of actions : 1. Actions of body 2. Actions of speech 3. Actions of mind

33 The 10 Demeritorious Deeds 1. Killing 2. StealingBodily actions 3. Sexual misconduct 4. Lying 5. SlanderingVerbal actions 6. Harsh speech 7. Gossip 8. Covetousness 9. Ill-willMental actions 10. Wrong view

34 The 10 Demeritorious Deeds 1. Killing 2. StealingBodily actions 3. Sexual misconduct 4. Lying 5. SlanderingVerbal actions 6. Harsh speech 7. Gossip 8. Covetousness 9. Ill-willMental actions 10. Wrong view

35 The 10 Demeritorious Deeds 1. Killing 2. StealingBodily actions 3. Sexual misconduct 4. Lying 5. SlanderingVerbal actions 6. Harsh speech 7. Gossip 8. Covetousness 9. Ill-willMental actions 10. Wrong view

36 The 10 Demeritorious Deeds 1. Killing 2. StealingBodily actions 3. Sexual misconduct 4. Lying 5. SlanderingVerbal actions 6. Harsh speech 7. Gossip 8. Covetousness 9. Ill-willMental actions 10. Wrong view

37 The 10 Demeritorious Deeds 1. Killing 2. StealingBodily actions 3. Sexual misconduct 4. Lying 5. SlanderingVerbal actions 6. Harsh speech 7. Gossip 8. Covetousness 9. Ill-willMental actions 10. Wrong view

38 The 10 Demeritorious Deeds 1. Killing 2. StealingBodily actions 3. Sexual misconduct 4. Lying 5. SlanderingVerbal actions 6. Harsh speech 7. Gossip 8. Covetousness 9. Ill-willMental actions 10. Wrong view

39 The 10 Demeritorious Deeds 1. Killing 2. StealingBodily actions 3. Sexual misconduct 4. Lying 5. SlanderingVerbal actions 6. Harsh speech 7. Gossip 8. Covetousness 9. Ill-willMental actions 10. Wrong view

40 The 10 Meritorious Deeds 1. Killing 2. StealingBodily actions 3. Sexual misconduct 4. Lying 5. SlanderingVerbal actions 6. Harsh speech 7. Gossip 8. Covetousness 9. Ill-willMental actions 10. Wrong view

41 The 10 Meritorious Deeds 1. Compassion 2. StealingBodily actions 3. Sexual misconduct 4. Lying 5. SlanderingVerbal actions 6. Harsh speech 7. Gossip 8. Covetousness 9. Ill-willMental actions 10. Wrong view

42 The 10 Meritorious Deeds 1. Compassion 2. GenerosityBodily actions 3. Sexual misconduct 4. Lying 5. SlanderingVerbal actions 6. Harsh speech 7. Gossip 8. Covetousness 9. Ill-willMental actions 10. Wrong view

43 The 10 Meritorious Deeds 1. Compassion 2. GenerosityBodily actions 3. Self-control 4. Lying 5. SlanderingVerbal actions 6. Harsh speech 7. Gossip 8. Covetousness 9. Ill-willMental actions 10. Wrong view

44 The 10 Meritorious Deeds 1. Compassion 2. GenerosityBodily actions 3. Self-control 4. Truthful speech 5. SlanderingVerbal actions 6. Harsh speech 7. Gossip 8. Covetousness 9. Ill-willMental actions 10. Wrong view

45 The 10 Meritorious Deeds 1. Compassion 2. GenerosityBodily actions 3. Self-control 4. Truthful speech 5. Kind speechVerbal actions 6. Harsh speech 7. Gossip 8. Covetousness 9. Ill-willMental actions 10. Wrong view

46 The 10 Meritorious Deeds 1. Compassion 2. GenerosityBodily actions 3. Self-control 4. Truthful speech 5. Kind speechVerbal actions 6. Pleasant speech 7. Gossip 8. Covetousness 9. Ill-willMental actions 10. Wrong view

47 The 10 Meritorious Deeds 1. Compassion 2. GenerosityBodily actions 3. Self-control 4. Truthful speech 5. Kind speechVerbal actions 6. Pleasant speech 7. Meaningful speech 8. Covetousness 9. Ill-willMental actions 10. Wrong view

48 The 10 Meritorious Deeds 1. Compassion 2. GenerosityBodily actions 3. Self-control 4. Truthful speech 5. Kind speechVerbal actions 6. Pleasant speech 7. Meaningful speech 8. Sympathetic joy 9. Ill-willMental actions 10. Wrong view

49 The 10 Meritorious Deeds 1. Compassion 2. GenerosityBodily actions 3. Self-control 4. Truthful speech 5. Kind speechVerbal actions 6. Pleasant speech 7. Meaningful speech 8. Sympathetic joy 9. Loving-kindnessMental actions 10. Wrong view

50 The 10 Meritorious Deeds 1. Compassion 2. GenerosityBodily actions 3. Self-control 4. Truthful speech 5. Kind speechVerbal actions 6. Pleasant speech 7. Meaningful speech 8. Sympathetic joy 9. Loving-kindnessMental actions 10. Right view

51 Get yourself on the right path Cultivate good friendships Follow a code of discipline Avoid wrongful occupations Develop the 10 Meritorious Deeds Help others Taking Refuge Be in touch with the Dhamma Seriously practice the 8 Fold Path Breaking the 10 Fetters The Gradual Path

52 The Guardians of the World Hiri – Moral Shame The self-respect to avoid wrongdoing out of a feeling of personal honor. Internal reference. Ottappa – Moral Dread The fear to avoid wrongdoing due to blame and punishment by others. External orientation.

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57 The Guardians of the World Hiri – Moral Shame The self-respect to avoid wrongdoing out of a feeling of personal honor. Internal reference. Ottappa – Moral Dread The fear to avoid wrongdoing due to blame and punishment by others. External orientation.

58 The Guardians of the World Hiri – Moral Shame The self-respect to avoid wrongdoing out of a feeling of personal honor. Internal reference. Ottappa – Moral Dread The fear to avoid wrongdoing due to blame and punishment by others. External orientation.

59 The Guardians of the World Hiri – Moral Shame The self-respect to avoid wrongdoing out of a feeling of personal honor. Internal reference. Ottappa – Moral Dread The fear to avoid wrongdoing due to blame and punishment by others. External orientation.

60 The Guardians of the World Hiri – Moral Shame The self-respect to avoid wrongdoing out of a feeling of personal honor. Internal reference. Ottappa – Moral Dread The fear to avoid wrongdoing due to blame and punishment by others. External orientation.

61 The Guardians of the World Hiri – Moral Shame The self-respect to avoid wrongdoing out of a feeling of personal honor. Internal reference. Ottappa – Moral Dread The fear to avoid wrongdoing due to blame and punishment by others. External orientation.

62 The Guardians of the World “If these two bright guardians were not to protect the world, there would be anarchy, confusion and widespread immorality. But if these two bright guardians do protect the world, there will be peace, harmony, decency and dignity.” Hiri Ottappa Sutta, AN 2.9

63 The Guardians of the World “If these two bright guardians were not to protect the world, there would be anarchy, confusion and widespread immorality. But if these two bright guardians do protect the world, there will be peace, harmony, decency and dignity.” Hiri Ottappa Sutta, AN 2.9

64 Get yourself on the right path Cultivate good friendships Follow a code of discipline Avoid wrongful occupations Develop the 10 Meritorious Deeds Help others Taking Refuge Be in touch with the Dhamma Seriously practice the 8 Fold Path Breaking the 10 Fetters The Gradual Path

65 Get yourself on the right path Cultivate good friendships Follow a code of discipline Avoid wrongful occupations Develop the 10 Meritorious Deeds Help others Take Refuge Be in touch with the Dhamma Seriously practice the 8 Fold Path Breaking the 10 Fetters The Gradual Path

66 Taking Refuge Good to take refuge in the Triple Gem of the Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha. Reaffirms our commitment. Reinforces our kammic link. Can be done formally or by ourselves.

67 Taking Refuge Good to take refuge in the Triple Gem of the Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha. Reaffirms our commitment. Reinforces our kammic link. Can be done formally or by ourselves.

68 Taking Refuge Good to take refuge in the Triple Gem of the Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha. Reaffirms our commitment. Reinforces our kammic link. Can be done formally or by ourselves.

69 Taking Refuge Good to take refuge in the Triple Gem of the Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha. Reaffirms our commitment. Reinforces our kammic link. Can be done formally or by ourselves.

70 Taking Refuge Good to take refuge in the Triple Gem of the Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha. Reaffirms our commitment. Reinforces our kammic link. Can be done formally or by ourselves.

71 Get yourself on the right path Cultivate good friendships Follow a code of discipline Avoid wrongful occupations Develop the 10 Meritorious Deeds Help others Take Refuge Be in touch with the Dhamma Seriously practice the 8 Fold Path Breaking the 10 Fetters The Gradual Path

72 Get yourself on the right path Cultivate good friendships Follow a code of discipline Avoid wrongful occupations Develop the 10 Meritorious Deeds Help others Take Refuge Be in touch with the Dhamma Seriously practice the 8 Fold Path Start to break the 10 Fetters The Gradual Path

73 The 10 Fetters Four stages of development : 1.Stream-enterer - Sotapan 2.Once-returner - Sakadagami 3.Non-returner - Anagami 4.Enlightened being - Arahant

74 The 10 Fetters Four stages of development : 1.Stream-enterer - Sotapan 2.Once-returner - Sakadagami 3.Non-returner - Anagami 4.Enlightened being - Arahant

75 The 10 Fetters Four stages of development : 1.Stream-enterer - Sotapan 2.Once-returner - Sakadagami 3.Non-returner - Anagami 4.Enlightened being - Arahant

76 The 10 Fetters Four stages of development : 1.Stream-enterer - Sotapan 2.Once-returner - Sakadagami 3.Non-returner - Anagami 4.Enlightened being - Arahant

77 The 10 Fetters Four stages of development : 1.Stream-enterer - Sotapan 2.Once-returner - Sakadagami 3.Non-returner - Anagami 4.Enlightened being - Arahant

78 The 10 Fetters Four stages of development : 1.Stream-enterer - Sotapan 2.Once-returner - Sakadagami 3.Non-returner - Anagami 4.Enlightened being - Arahant

79 The 10 Fetters 1. Wrong view of self 2. Sceptical or irrational doubts 3. Belief in rites and rituals 4. Greed for sense pleasures 5. Anger and ill-will 6. Desire for heavenly rebirth 7. Desire for higher heavenly rebirth 8. Conceit and pride 9. Restlessness and discontent 10. Ignorance and delusion

80 The 10 Fetters Stream-enterer – Sotapan At most seven more lifetimes before attaining full enlightenment. They have ‘entered the stream’ to Nibbana. They will be reborn only in the human or a heavenly realm, and never in a lower realm. They have eradicated the first three fetters.

81 The 10 Fetters Stream-enterer – Sotapan At most seven more lifetimes before attaining full enlightenment. They have ‘entered the stream’ to Nibbana. They will be reborn only in the human or a heavenly realm, and never in a lower realm. They have eradicated the first three fetters.

82 The 10 Fetters Stream-enterer – Sotapan At most seven more lifetimes before attaining full enlightenment. They have ‘entered the stream’ to Nibbana. They will be reborn only in the human or a heavenly realm, and never in a lower realm. They have eradicated the first three fetters.

83 The 10 Fetters Stream-enterer – Sotapan At most seven more lifetimes before attaining full enlightenment. They have ‘entered the stream’ to Nibbana. They will be reborn only in the human or a heavenly realm, and never in a lower realm. They have eradicated the first three fetters.

84 The 10 Fetters Stream-enterer – Sotapan At most seven more lifetimes before attaining full enlightenment. They have ‘entered the stream’ to Nibbana. They will be reborn only in the human or a heavenly realm, and never in a lower realm. They have eradicated the first three fetters.

85 The 10 Fetters 1. Wrong view of self 2. Sceptical or irrational doubtsSotapan 3. Belief in rites and rituals 4. Greed for sense pleasures 5. Anger and ill-will 6. Desire for heavenly rebirth 7. Desire for higher heavenly rebirth 8. Conceit and pride 9. Restlessness and discontent 10. Ignorance and delusion

86 Linear concept of Existence BirthLifeDeath leading to : End of existence - Nihilism or Eternal life - Eternalism Eternity

87 Linear concept of Existence BirthLifeDeath leading to : End of existence - Nihilism or Eternal life - Eternalism Eternity

88 Linear concept of Existence BirthLifeDeath leading to : End of existence - Nihilism or Eternal life - Eternalism Eternity

89 Linear concept of Existence BirthLifeDeath leading to : End of existence - Nihilism or Eternal life - Eternalism Eternity

90 Linear concept of Existence BirthLifeDeath leading to : End of existence - Nihilism or Eternal life - Eternalism Eternity

91 Linear concept of Existence BirthLifeDeath leading to : End of existence - Nihilism or Eternal life - Eternalism Eternity

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93 Cyclical concept of Existence Birth Death Life

94 Cyclical concept of Existence Birth Death Life

95 Cyclical concept of Existence Birth Death Life

96 Cyclical concept of Existence Birth Death Life

97 Cyclical concept of Existence Birth Death Life

98 The 10 Fetters 1. Wrong view of self 2. Sceptical or irrational doubtsSotapan 3. Belief in rites and rituals 4. Greed for sense pleasures 5. Anger and ill-will 6. Desire for heavenly rebirth 7. Desire for higher heavenly rebirth 8. Conceit and pride 9. Restlessness and discontent 10. Ignorance and delusion

99 The 10 Fetters 1. Wrong view of self 2. Sceptical or irrational doubtsSotapan 3. Belief in rites and rituals 4. Greed for sense pleasures 5. Anger and ill-will 6. Desire for heavenly rebirth 7. Desire for higher heavenly rebirth 8. Conceit and pride 9. Restlessness and discontent 10. Ignorance and delusion

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102 The 10 Fetters Once-returner – Sakadagami Only one more life in the human or a heavenly realm before attaining full enlightenment. They have eradicated the first three fetters and weakened, but not yet completely eradicated the next two (4 & 5).

103 The 10 Fetters Once-returner – Sakadagami Only one more life in the human or a heavenly realm before attaining full enlightenment. They have eradicated the first three fetters and weakened, but not yet completely eradicated the next two (4 & 5).

104 The 10 Fetters Once-returner – Sakadagami Only one more life in the human or a heavenly realm before attaining full enlightenment. They have eradicated the first three fetters and weakened, but not yet completely eradicated the next two (4 & 5).

105 The 10 Fetters 1. Wrong view of self 2. Sceptical or irrational doubts 3. Belief in rites and ritualsSotapan 4. Greed for sense pleasuresSakadagami 5. Anger and ill-will 6. Desire for heavenly rebirth 7. Desire for higher heavenly rebirth 8. Conceit and pride 9. Restlessness and discontent 10. Ignorance and delusion

106 The 10 Fetters 1. Wrong view of self 2. Sceptical or irrational doubts 3. Belief in rites and rituals 4. Greed for sense pleasuresSakadagami 5. Anger and ill-will 6. Desire for heavenly rebirth 7. Desire for higher heavenly rebirth 8. Conceit and pride 9. Restlessness and discontent 10. Ignorance and delusion

107 The 10 Fetters 1. Wrong view of self 2. Sceptical or irrational doubts 3. Belief in rites and rituals 4. Greed for sense pleasuresSakadagami 5. Anger and ill-will 6. Desire for heavenly rebirth 7. Desire for higher heavenly rebirth 8. Conceit and pride 9. Restlessness and discontent 10. Ignorance and delusion

108 The 10 Fetters Non-returner - Anagami A final life in a very high and refined heavenly realm and will gain full enlightenment in that realm. They have eradicated the first five fetters.

109 The 10 Fetters Non-returner - Anagami A final life in a very high and refined heavenly realm and will gain full enlightenment in that realm. They have eradicated the first five fetters.

110 The 10 Fetters Non-returner - Anagami A final life in a very high and refined heavenly realm and will gain full enlightenment in that realm. They have eradicated the first five fetters.

111 The 10 Fetters 1. Wrong view of self 2. Sceptical or irrational doubts 3. Belief in rites and rituals 4. Greed for sense pleasuresSakadagami 5. Anger and ill-will 6. Desire for heavenly rebirth 7. Desire for higher heavenly rebirth 8. Conceit and pride 9. Restlessness and discontent 10. Ignorance and delusion

112 The 10 Fetters 1. Wrong view of self 2. Sceptical or irrational doubts 3. Belief in rites and rituals 4. Greed for sense pleasures 5. Anger and ill-willAnagami 6. Desire for heavenly rebirth 7. Desire for higher heavenly rebirth 8. Conceit and pride 9. Restlessness and discontent 10. Ignorance and delusion

113 The 10 Fetters 1. Wrong view of self 2. Sceptical or irrational doubts 3. Belief in rites and rituals 4. Greed for sense pleasures 5. Anger and ill-willAnagami 6. Desire for heavenly rebirth 7. Desire for higher heavenly rebirth 8. Conceit and pride 9. Restlessness and discontent 10. Ignorance and delusion

114 The 10 Fetters Enlightened being - Arahant Arahants have successfully eradicated all ten fetters and have become fully enlightened. They have freed themselves from rebirth and attained Nibbana.

115 The 10 Fetters Enlightened being - Arahant Arahants have successfully eradicated all ten fetters and have become fully enlightened. They have freed themselves from rebirth and attained Nibbana.

116 The 10 Fetters Enlightened being - Arahant Arahants have successfully eradicated all ten fetters and have become fully enlightened. They have freed themselves from rebirth and attained Nibbana.

117 The 10 Fetters 1. Wrong view of self 2. Sceptical or irrational doubts 3. Belief in rites and rituals 4. Greed for sense pleasures 5. Anger and ill-willAnagami 6. Desire for heavenly rebirth 7. Desire for higher heavenly rebirth 8. Conceit and pride 9. Restlessness and discontent 10. Ignorance and delusion

118 The 10 Fetters 1. Wrong view of self 2. Sceptical or irrational doubts 3. Belief in rites and rituals 4. Greed for sense pleasures 5. Anger and ill-will 6. Desire for heavenly rebirth 7. Desire for higher heavenly rebirth 8. Conceit and prideArahant 9. Restlessness and discontent 10. Ignorance and delusion

119 The 10 Fetters 1. Wrong view of self 2. Sceptical or irrational doubts 3. Belief in rites and rituals 4. Greed for sense pleasures 5. Anger and ill-will 6. Desire for heavenly rebirth 7. Desire for higher heavenly rebirth 8. Conceit and prideArahant 9. Restlessness and discontent 10. Ignorance and delusion

120 The 10 Fetters 1. Wrong view of self 2. Sceptical or irrational doubts 3. Belief in rites and rituals 4. Greed for sense pleasures 5. Anger and ill-will 6. Desire for heavenly rebirth 7. Desire for higher heavenly rebirth 8. Conceit and prideArahant 9. Restlessness and discontent 10. Ignorance and delusion

121 The 10 Fetters 1. Wrong view of self 2. Sceptical or irrational doubts 3. Belief in rites and rituals 4. Greed for sense pleasures 5. Anger and ill-will 6. Desire for heavenly rebirth 7. Desire for higher heavenly rebirth 8. Conceit and prideArahant 9. Restlessness and discontent 10. Ignorance and delusion

122 The 10 Fetters 1. Wrong view of self 2. Sceptical or irrational doubts 3. Belief in rites and rituals 4. Greed for sense pleasures 5. Anger and ill-will 6. Desire for heavenly rebirth 7. Desire for higher heavenly rebirth 8. Conceit and prideArahant 9. Restlessness and discontent 10. Ignorance and delusion

123 Stream-enterer 1. Wrong view of self 2. Sceptical or irrational doubtsEradicated 3. Belief in rites and rituals Characteristics Having the company of good spiritual friends. Unshakeable confidence in the Buddha, the Dhamma and the (noble) Sangha. Consistent in keeping the Five Precepts.

124 Stream-enterer 1. Wrong view of self 2. Sceptical or irrational doubtsEradicated 3. Belief in rites and rituals Characteristics Having the company of good spiritual friends. Unshakeable confidence in the Buddha, the Dhamma and the (noble) Sangha. Consistent in keeping the Five Precepts.

125 Stream-enterer 1. Wrong view of self 2. Sceptical or irrational doubtsEradicated 3. Belief in rites and rituals Characteristics Having the company of good spiritual friends. Unshakeable confidence in the Buddha, the Dhamma and the (noble) Sangha. Consistent in keeping the Five Precepts.

126 Stream-enterer 1. Wrong view of self 2. Sceptical or irrational doubtsEradicated 3. Belief in rites and rituals Characteristics Having the company of good spiritual friends. Unshakeable confidence in the Buddha, the Dhamma and the (noble) Sangha. Consistent in keeping the Five Precepts.

127 Stream-enterer 1. Wrong view of self 2. Sceptical or irrational doubtsEradicated 3. Belief in rites and rituals Characteristics Having the company of good spiritual friends. Unshakeable confidence in the Buddha, the Dhamma and the (noble) Sangha. Consistent in keeping the Five Precepts.

128 Get yourself on the right path Cultivate good friendships Follow a code of discipline Avoid wrongful occupations Develop the 10 Meritorious Deeds Help others Take Refuge Be in touch with the Dhamma Seriously practice the 8 Fold Path Start to break the 10 Fetters The Gradual Path

129 Get yourself on the right path Cultivate good friendships Follow a code of discipline Avoid wrongful occupations Develop the 10 Meritorious Deeds Help others Take Refuge Be in touch with the Dhamma Seriously practice the 8 Fold Path Start to break the 10 Fetters The Gradual Path

130 The Noble Eightfold Path Right Speech Morality – The Foundation of Everything Right Action Right Livelihood Right Effort Mental Development Right Mindfulness Right Concentration Right Understanding Wisdom Right Thought

131 The Noble Eightfold Path Right Speech Morality – The Foundation of Everything Right Action Right Livelihood Right Effort Mental Development Right Mindfulness Right Concentration Right Understanding Wisdom Right Thought

132 The Noble Eightfold Path Right Speech Morality – The Foundation of Everything Right Action Right Livelihood Right Effort Mental Development Right Mindfulness Right Concentration Right Understanding Wisdom Right Thought

133 The Six Virtues of the Dhamma 1.Svakkhato Bhagavata Dhammo – Discovered and well expounded by the Buddha. 2.Sanditthiko – Can be directly experienced. 3.Akaliko – With immediate results. 4.Ehipassiko – To be approached to be seen. 5.Opanayiko – Capable of being attained. 6.Paccattam Veditabbo Vinnuhi – To be comprehended by the wise, for himself.

134 The Six Virtues of the Dhamma 1.Svakkhato Bhagavata Dhammo – Discovered and well expounded by the Buddha. 2.Sanditthiko – Can be directly experienced. 3.Akaliko – With immediate results. 4.Ehipassiko – To be approached to be seen. 5.Opanayiko – Capable of being attained. 6.Paccattam Veditabbo Vinnuhi – To be comprehended by the wise, for himself.

135 The Six Virtues of the Dhamma 1.Svakkhato Bhagavata Dhammo – Discovered and well expounded by the Buddha. 2.Sanditthiko – Can be directly experienced. 3.Akaliko – With immediate results. 4.Ehipassiko – To be approached to be seen. 5.Opanayiko – Capable of being attained. 6.Paccattam Veditabbo Vinnuhi – To be comprehended by the wise, for himself.

136 The Six Virtues of the Dhamma 1.Svakkhato Bhagavata Dhammo – Discovered and well expounded by the Buddha. 2.Sanditthiko – Can be directly experienced. 3.Akaliko – With immediate results. 4.Ehipassiko – To be approached to be seen. 5.Opanayiko – Capable of being attained. 6.Paccattam Veditabbo Vinnuhi – To be comprehended by the wise, for himself.

137 The Six Virtues of the Dhamma 1.Svakkhato Bhagavata Dhammo – Discovered and well expounded by the Buddha. 2.Sanditthiko – Can be directly experienced. 3.Akaliko – With immediate results. 4.Ehipassiko – To be approached to be seen. 5.Opanayiko – Capable of being attained. 6.Paccattam Veditabbo Vinnuhi – To be comprehended by the wise, for himself.

138 The Six Virtues of the Dhamma 1.Svakkhato Bhagavata Dhammo – Discovered and well expounded by the Buddha. 2.Sanditthiko – Can be directly experienced. 3.Akaliko – With immediate results. 4.Ehipassiko – To be approached to be seen. 5.Opanayiko – Capable of being attained. 6.Paccattam Veditabbo Vinnuhi – To be comprehended by the wise, for himself.

139 The Six Virtues of the Dhamma 1.Svakkhato Bhagavata Dhammo – Discovered and well expounded by the Buddha. 2.Sanditthiko – Can be directly experienced. 3.Akaliko – With immediate results. 4.Ehipassiko – To be approached to be seen. 5.Opanayiko – Capable of being attained. 6.Paccattam Veditabbo Vinnuhi – To be comprehended by the wise, for himself.

140 The Buddha : He who sees me, sees the Dhamma; He who sees the Dhamma, sees me. Vakkali Sutta SN 22.87

141 The Buddha : He who sees me, sees the Dhamma; He who sees the Dhamma, sees me. Vakkali Sutta SN 22.87

142 The Buddha : He who sees me, sees the Dhamma; He who sees the Dhamma, sees me. Vakkali Sutta SN 22.87

143 The Buddha has shown the way. We just need to walk the Path!

144 The Buddha has shown the way. We just need to walk the Path!

145 Prepared by T Y Lee


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