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Basic Beliefs and Practices o The basic doctrines of early Buddhism, which remain common to all Buddhism, include the four noble truths.

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Presentation on theme: "Basic Beliefs and Practices o The basic doctrines of early Buddhism, which remain common to all Buddhism, include the four noble truths."— Presentation transcript:

1 Basic Beliefs and Practices o The basic doctrines of early Buddhism, which remain common to all Buddhism, include the four noble truths.

2 The Three Refuges (Jewels) o The Buddha o The Dharma (teachings, doctrine) o The Sangha (the Order)

3 The Teachings of the Buddha The Four Noble Truths

4 Preface to the Four Noble Truths: The Middle Path Two extremes to be avoided: (1) Hedonism (2) Asceticism This Middle Path is the Noble Eightfold Path, namely, Right Views, Right Intent, Right Speech, Right Conduct, Right Livelihood, Right Effort, Right Mindfulness, and Right Concentration.... By avoiding these two extremes, we discover a Middle Path, a path which opens the eyes, which bestows understanding, and which leads to peace of mind, to wisdom, to full enlightenment, to Nirvana. l

5 1. The Noble Truth of Suffering l

6 2. The Noble Truth of the Cause of Suffering *Some traditions make (c) a craving for prosperity or for personal happiness. l

7 3. The Noble Truth of the Cessation of Suffering l

8 4. The Noble Truth of the Path that leads to the cessation of suffering l

9 Elaboration of the Noble Eightfold Path l Right views (Samma ditthi) l Right intent (Samma sankappa) l Right speech (Samma vaca) l Right conduct (Samma kammanta) l Right livelihood (Samma ajiva) l Right effort (Samma vayama) l Right mindfulness (Samma sati) l Right concentration (Samma samadhi) Wisdom (prajna) Morality (sila) Meditation (samadhi) l

10 1. Right Views l The Four Noble Truths l The doctrine of no-self (anatta, anatman) –Transitoriness (anicca): impermanence –The Five Components or Aggregates (skandhas) of human personhood –Interdependent Origination l Karma & Samsara (rebirth) l Nirvana (what is it?) (Eightfold Path, continued) l

11 The Five Components (skandhas) of personhood Person Body (rupa) Mind (nama) Sensation (vedana) Consciousness (vinnana) Perception (sanna) Volition (sankhara) (No-self, contd)

12 The doctrine of Interdependent Origination (Paticca Samuppada) The interdependence & relativity of all things (No-self, contd) l

13 2. Right Intent (Resolution) Right intent or resolution is the intent or resolution to live & act in accordance with right views. (Eightfold Path, continued) l

14 3. Right Speech l No lying l No slander l No harsh or rude talk l No profanity l No impolite or abusive language l No idle or foolish chatter l Strive to use language meaningfully & usefully l Learn to maintain noble silence (Eightfold Path, continued) l

15 4. Right Conduct l No harming & killing l No stealing l No lying & deceitfulness l No sexual immorality l No use of intoxicants l Eat moderately & not after noon. l Stay away from dancing, singing, & dramatic spectacles. l Do not use garlands, scents, unguents, or ornaments. l Do not use high or broad beds. l Do not accept gold or silver (money in general?). (Eightfold Path, continued) The Five Precepts (for everybody) & the Ten Precepts (for monks & nuns) l

16 5. Right Livelihood (Vocation) l Choose professions that promote life, peace, & spiritual progress (especially life in the l Specifically prohibited professions: poison peddler, slave trader, prostitute, butcher, manufacturer & trader of liquor & other intoxicants, weapons manufacturer & trader, tax collector, caravan trader. (Eightfold Path, continued) l

17 6. Right Effort (purification of the mind) l Preventing evil & unwholesome states of mind from arising l Getting rid of such states of mind that may already exist l Bringing about good & wholesome states of mind l Developing & perfecting good & wholesome states of mind that are already present (Eightfold Path, continued) l

18 7. Right Mindfulness l Activities of the body (breathing, walking, sitting, eating, heartbeat, etc.) l Feelings (anger, fear, joy, pleasure, pain, etc.) l States of mind (thoughts, ideas, etc.) l Ways of conceptualizing things (the Four Noble Truths, the Wheel of Becoming, etc.) Focusing of attention on: (Eightfold Path, continued) l

19 8. Right Concentration l One-pointed concentration l The four absorptions: 1Detachment from all sense objects & from negative states of mind; thought processes accompanied by joy 2Cessation of all mental activities; internal calm, peace of mind, joy to the point of great elation 3Cessation of all passions & prejudices; continued sense of joy 4Cessation of joy; total tranquillity & equanimity -- Nirvana (& arhatship) Preliminary concentration on the Four Sublime Moods: love, compassion, cheerfulness, & impartiality (Eightfold Path, continued) l


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