Presentation on theme: "The Middle Way of Wisdom & Compassion"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Middle Way of Wisdom & Compassion BuddhismThe Middle Way of Wisdom & Compassion
2 Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 BC) Born in Nepal (NE India) and raised in great luxury to be a kingAt age 29 he rejected his luxurious life to seek enlightenment and the source of sufferingLived a strict, ascetic life for 6 yearsEventually rejected this extreme lifestyle and sat in meditationFound nirvana and became “The Enlightened One” at age 35.
3 Nirvana “No suffering for him Who is free from sorrow Free from the fetters of lifeFree in everything he doesHe has reached the end of his road…Like a bird invisibly flying in the skyHe lives without possessionsKnowledge his food, freedom his worldWhile others wonder…He has found freedom –Peaceful his thinking, peaceful his speechPeaceful his deed, tranquil his mind.”
4 What is the fundamental cause of all suffering? DesireTherefore, extinguish the self, and don’t obsess about yourself, you will reach nirvanaNirvana: lasting peace and enlightenment
5 The “Three Jewels” of Buddhism 1. Buddha – the teacher2. Dharma – the teachings3. Sangha – the community
6 The Four Noble TruthsThere is suffering in the world; to live is to suffer. (Dukkha)ImperfectionIllnessHatefulnessSeparation
7 The Four Noble TruthsThe cause of suffering is self-centered desire and attachments to worldly things. (Samudaya)Grasping for pleasureGrasping for becomingGrasping for sensual delightGrasping for what we don’t have
8 The Four Noble TruthsSuffering will stop when desires are stopped (Nirodha)When the ‘grasping’ stopsElimination of passions
9 The Four Noble TruthsThere is a way to get to this point: by following the Middle Way or the Eightfold Path
10 The Middle Way: The Eightfold Path Wisdom:Right understanding: have faith in Buddha’s view of the universeRight motives and thoughts: uncover ‘unwholesome’ emotional roots that guide our thinking
11 The Middle Way: The Eightfold Path Moral Discipline:Right speech: do not participate in vain talk, gossip, harsh words, or lyingRight actions: do not kill, steal, participate in immorality, do not lie or use intoxicantsRight livelihood: do not work jobs that go against the teaching of Buddha
12 The Middle Way: The Eightfold Path Mental Discipline:Right effort: have a good attitude toward achieving all Buddhist goalsRight mindfulness: being in touch with your mental and physical healthRight meditation: focus the mind inward in order to find spiritual awareness
13 So what exactly do Buddhists believe? Rebirth (reincarnation) results from attachments (karma)to this earthNirvana is a peaceful, detached state of mindAchieving Nirvana means escape from the cycle of rebirthBuddhism is non-theistic: Buddha is not the Buddhist God – he is just a revered teacher
14 YogaA physical, mental, and spiritual discipline, originating in ancient India.Goal of yoga is the attainment of a state of perfect spiritual insight and tranquility.The Sanskrit word yoga has the literal meaning of "yoke", meaning to join, to unite, or to attach.