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The Middle Way of Wisdom & Compassion

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1 The Middle Way of Wisdom & Compassion
Buddhism The Middle Way of Wisdom & Compassion

2 Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 BC)
Born in Nepal (NE India) and raised in great luxury to be a king At age 29 he rejected his luxurious life to seek enlightenment and the source of suffering Lived a strict, ascetic life for 6 years Eventually rejected this extreme lifestyle and sat in meditation Found nirvana and became “The Enlightened One” at age 35.

3 Nirvana “No suffering for him Who is free from sorrow
Free from the fetters of life Free in everything he does He has reached the end of his road… Like a bird invisibly flying in the sky He lives without possessions Knowledge his food, freedom his world While others wonder… He has found freedom – Peaceful his thinking, peaceful his speech Peaceful his deed, tranquil his mind.”

4 What is the fundamental cause of all suffering?
Desire Therefore, extinguish the self, and don’t obsess about yourself, you will reach nirvana Nirvana: lasting peace and enlightenment

5 The “Three Jewels” of Buddhism
1. Buddha – the teacher 2. Dharma – the teachings 3. Sangha – the community

6 The Four Noble Truths There is suffering in the world; to live is to suffer. (Dukkha) Imperfection Illness Hatefulness Separation

7 The Four Noble Truths The cause of suffering is self-centered desire and attachments to worldly things. (Samudaya) Grasping for pleasure Grasping for becoming Grasping for sensual delight Grasping for what we don’t have

8 The Four Noble Truths Suffering will stop when desires are stopped (Nirodha) When the ‘grasping’ stops Elimination of passions

9 The Four Noble Truths There is a way to get to this point: by following the Middle Way or the Eightfold Path

10 The Middle Way: The Eightfold Path
Wisdom: Right understanding: have faith in Buddha’s view of the universe Right motives and thoughts: uncover ‘unwholesome’ emotional roots that guide our thinking

11 The Middle Way: The Eightfold Path
Moral Discipline: Right speech: do not participate in vain talk, gossip, harsh words, or lying Right actions: do not kill, steal, participate in immorality, do not lie or use intoxicants Right livelihood: do not work jobs that go against the teaching of Buddha

12 The Middle Way: The Eightfold Path
Mental Discipline: Right effort: have a good attitude toward achieving all Buddhist goals Right mindfulness: being in touch with your mental and physical health Right meditation: focus the mind inward in order to find spiritual awareness

13 So what exactly do Buddhists believe?
Rebirth (reincarnation) results from attachments (karma)to this earth Nirvana is a peaceful, detached state of mind Achieving Nirvana means escape from the cycle of rebirth Buddhism is non-theistic: Buddha is not the Buddhist God – he is just a revered teacher

14 Yoga A physical, mental, and spiritual discipline, originating in ancient India. Goal of yoga is the attainment of a state of perfect spiritual insight and tranquility. The Sanskrit word yoga has the literal meaning of "yoke", meaning to join, to unite, or to attach.

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