Presentation on theme: "The Middle Way of Wisdom & Compassion"— Presentation transcript:
1The Middle Way of Wisdom & Compassion BuddhismThe Middle Way of Wisdom & Compassion
2Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 BC) Born in Nepal (NE India) and raised in great luxury to be a kingAt age 29 he rejected his luxurious life to seek enlightenment and the source of sufferingLived a strict, ascetic life for 6 yearsEventually rejected this extreme lifestyle and sat in meditationFound nirvana and became “The Enlightened One” at age 35.
3Nirvana “No suffering for him Who is free from sorrow Free from the fetters of lifeFree in everything he doesHe has reached the end of his road…Like a bird invisibly flying in the skyHe lives without possessionsKnowledge his food, freedom his worldWhile others wonder…He has found freedom –Peaceful his thinking, peaceful his speechPeaceful his deed, tranquil his mind.”
4What is the fundamental cause of all suffering? DesireTherefore, extinguish the self, and don’t obsess about yourself, you will reach nirvanaNirvana: lasting peace and enlightenment
5The “Three Jewels” of Buddhism 1. Buddha – the teacher2. Dharma – the teachings3. Sangha – the community
6The Four Noble TruthsThere is suffering in the world; to live is to suffer. (Dukkha)ImperfectionIllnessHatefulnessSeparation
7The Four Noble TruthsThe cause of suffering is self-centered desire and attachments to worldly things. (Samudaya)Grasping for pleasureGrasping for becomingGrasping for sensual delightGrasping for what we don’t have
8The Four Noble TruthsSuffering will stop when desires are stopped (Nirodha)When the ‘grasping’ stopsElimination of passions
9The Four Noble TruthsThere is a way to get to this point: by following the Middle Way or the Eightfold Path
10The Middle Way: The Eightfold Path Wisdom:Right understanding: have faith in Buddha’s view of the universeRight motives and thoughts: uncover ‘unwholesome’ emotional roots that guide our thinking
11The Middle Way: The Eightfold Path Moral Discipline:Right speech: do not participate in vain talk, gossip, harsh words, or lyingRight actions: do not kill, steal, participate in immorality, do not lie or use intoxicantsRight livelihood: do not work jobs that go against the teaching of Buddha
12The Middle Way: The Eightfold Path Mental Discipline:Right effort: have a good attitude toward achieving all Buddhist goalsRight mindfulness: being in touch with your mental and physical healthRight meditation: focus the mind inward in order to find spiritual awareness
13So what exactly do Buddhists believe? Rebirth (reincarnation) results from attachments (karma)to this earthNirvana is a peaceful, detached state of mindAchieving Nirvana means escape from the cycle of rebirthBuddhism is non-theistic: Buddha is not the Buddhist God – he is just a revered teacher
14YogaA physical, mental, and spiritual discipline, originating in ancient India.Goal of yoga is the attainment of a state of perfect spiritual insight and tranquility.The Sanskrit word yoga has the literal meaning of "yoke", meaning to join, to unite, or to attach.