Presentation on theme: "The Leaders of Germany and Japan: Hitler and Tojo"— Presentation transcript:
1The Road to Victory: Defeating Germany, Japan and Italy-the Axis Powers
2The Leaders of Germany and Japan: Hitler and Tojo
3Germany FirstFDR and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill agreed that the allies should focus their efforts on defeating Germany first - which they viewed as a greater threat. Forces in the Pacific would do their best to regain territory captured by the Japanese.
4Operation TorchIn 1942, American and British forces attacked German occupied territory in North Africa. By 1943, all German forces were driven from the continent.
5Soviets want a Second Front Soviet leader Joseph Stalin pressed the FDR and Churchill to invade Western Europe next. He believed it would force Hitler to take soldiers out of the USSR. The Soviets has suffered terribly from the German invasion - eventually losing 22 million people.The Big 3 - Stalin, FDR, Churchill
7The “soft underbelly” of Europe Instead Churchill convinced FDR to Invade Italy next. He believed it would be less risky than a cross channel invasion of France. German resistance proves to be tougher than expected.
8Air war over EuropeTo further soften up the Germans. The Allies launch massive bombing raids on Germany. The Americans by day and the British by night. They hope to destroy factories, railroads, and fuel refineries.
9The Mighty 8th Air ForceAmerican bombers were part of the 8th airforce. They flew B-17 and B-24 bombers. Many were shot down, until fighters were developed to escort the bombers over Europe
11Invasion of FranceIn 1944, the Allies planned a cross channel invasion of France - Operation Overlord.On June 6, D-Day - American, Canadian, and British shores hit the beaches of Normandy.American General Dwight D. Eisenhower led the invasion.
13The Drive to GermanyBy the end of 1944, Allied forces had pushed across France to the German border. Around Christmas, Hitler ordered once last offensive to try and stop the allies. This became known as the Battle of the Bulge. The Germans were defeated and the allies pushed in Germany.
14Hitler Commits Suicide By the end of April 1945, the Allies have occupied much of Germany. Soviet forces are in Berlin.After marrying his mistress Eva Braun, Hitler kills himself in his underground bunker and orders his body burned.
15V-E Day May 8, 1945Using children as soldiers, and helpless to stop Allied attacks, the new German leader, Admiral Doentiz, surrenders to the Allies.
17The Turning Point in the Pacific After Pearl Harbor, Japanese conquered a vast area of the Pacific and threatened to invade Australia and India.After the Battle of Midway - June 1942-things began to badly for them
18Island HoppingTo defeat the Japanese, American forces use a strategy called “island hopping”. Invading islands that are closer and closer to the Japanese mainland.Islands near Japan could then be used for bomber bases or staging areas for the invasion of Japan.
19American Commanders in the Pacific: General MacArthur and Admiral Nimitz
20Iwo Jima and OkinawaBy the Spring of 1945, American forces were nearing Japan and Japanese resistance became even more intense.Nearly 20,000 American soldiers were killed in these battles.Japanese deaths approached 150,000
21Kamikaze AttacksDuring the battle of Okinawa, the Japanese began to use widespread kamikaze attacks for the first.Planes heavily loaded with explosives crashed in to American ships
22The Atomic BombThe ferocity of Japanese resistance and the kamikaze attacks convinced American leaders that casualties would approach 1 million if the US invaded Japan.At Potsdam, Truman warned the Japanese of new super weapon and threatened destruction unless they surrendered.
23Hiroshima and Nagasaki Two cities struck by A-Bombs
24V-J DAY On April 15, 1945 the Japanese Emperor Hirohito surrendered. The surrender took place on the deck of the USS MissouriMacArthur was placed in charge of the occupation
25A Lasting Peace?Shortly before the end of the war the United Nations Charter was signed in San FranciscoThe UN was created to prevent wars like WWII from happening againGerman war criminals were put on trial at Nuremberg. Japanese leaders were tried too.