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Road to War & Early World War Two (1930s) I.Intro II.Steps Toward War A.Rhineland (1936) B.Austria (1938) C.Sudetenland (1938) 1.Mood 2.Conference D.Poland.

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Presentation on theme: "Road to War & Early World War Two (1930s) I.Intro II.Steps Toward War A.Rhineland (1936) B.Austria (1938) C.Sudetenland (1938) 1.Mood 2.Conference D.Poland."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Road to War & Early World War Two (1930s) I.Intro II.Steps Toward War A.Rhineland (1936) B.Austria (1938) C.Sudetenland (1938) 1.Mood 2.Conference D.Poland III.German Conquest ( ) A.Poland B.France C.Battle of Britain D.Russian Invasion Key Terms Munich Conference Neville Chamberlain Appeasement Nazi-Soviet Pact Blitzkrieg Axis & Allies

3 Rome/Berlin Axis (Mussolini & Hitler Become Allies)

4 Steps-Rhineland (1936) Demilitarized by Versailles Treaty (no troops allowed) March, 1936 German troops occupied it France protested, but that was all

5 Steps-Austria (1938) Hitler called for Nazi’s in Austrian cabinet 1938 German troops occupied Austria Plebiscite was held: 99.7% of Austrians approve annexation with Germany Hitler with Seyss-Inquart, Austria’s last Chancellor

6 Steps-Sudetenland (1938) Hitler demanded Sudetenland (part of Czechoslovakia) because of its large German-speaking population. Czechoslovakia refused Hitler’s demands.

7 The “Mood” In Europe (1938) “Oxford Debate” Everyone wanted peace so a conference was organized to avoid bloodshed

8 Munich Conference (1938) Agreement 1.Germany received the Sudetenland. 2.Hitler promised not to seek more territory. Results 1.Hitler was convinced no one would stand up to him. 2.French & British were determined to fight if Hitler made more demands. Neville Chamberlain (British Prime Minister)

9 Munich & Appeasement Appeasement-giving in to the demands of another. Following Munich, Appeasement became a “dirty word.” Hitler & Mussolini in Munich

10 Steps-Poland Hitler demanded Poland’s port city of Danzig but the Poles wouldn’t give in. Hitler was ready to fight, but concerned about USSR, so…

11 Nazi-Soviet Pact (1939) 1.Agreement between Germany & USSR; agreed not to attack one another for 10 years. 2.In a secret provision the two nations divided Poland in half: 3.One week later Germany invaded Poland and WWII began.

12 WWII Themes Technology-from the Blitz to A-bomb & in between Diplomacy-Allies cooperate “Total War”-civilian casualties

13 Poland Faces A Blitzkrieg (September 1, 1939) Blitzkrieg- “Lightening Warfare” New Technologies = Success Air attacks combined with rapid troop movement Poland fell within one month German air force targeted railroads

14 WWII Alliances (1939) Allies Great Britain France Axis Germany Italy Japan

15 France Falls To Germany 1940 France fell to Germany in 6 weeks (successful Blitz) Victorious German Soldiers

16 The British Stand Alone: Battle of Britain Cities were bombed June, 1940-June 1941 British radar helped & radio influenced morale London under fire

17 Russian Invasion June, 1941 Germany invaded Russia (in violation of previous treaty) German “Blitzkrieg” again VERY successful (initially) Hitler switched tactics

18 WWII Alliances Allies Great Britain France Axis Germany Italy Japan USSR

19 Pearl Harbor Attack (12/7/41) 19 Ships sunk About 2,000 dead USS Arizona explosions kill about 1,100

20 WWII Alliances Allies Great Britain France USSR Axis Germany Italy Japan US

21 Road to War & Early World War Two (1930s) I.Intro II.Steps Toward War A.Rhineland (1936) B.Austria (1938) C.Sudetenland (1938) 1.Mood 2.Conference D.Poland III.German Conquest ( ) A.Poland B.France C.Battle of Britain D.Russian Invasion Key Terms Munich Conference Neville Chamberlain Appeasement Nazi-Soviet Pact Blitzkrieg Axis & Allies


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