2VocabularyAlly: A country that agrees to help another country achieve a common goal.War bond: A low-interest loan by civilians to the government.Patriotism: Love or devotion for one’s country.Draft: A government call for registered citizens to engage in active military service
3U.S.-Mexico Conflict1910- Revolution begins in MX because citizens had grown tired of their poor living conditions.During revolution Francisco “Pancho” Villa is angered that U.S. does not recognize him as leader.Villa begins raiding and killing U.S. citizens across the border ( )Gen. John J. Pershing sent to capture Villa in MexicoAngered by U.S. invasion, Mexicans help hide Villa1918 – Mexican government strikes a deal with Villa to stop his raids.
4Start of WWIArchduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria is assassinated in Bosnia by a secret society known as the Black Hand. (June 28, 1914)WWI begins on July 28, 1914, when Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.
5Triple Entente (Allies) France, Great Britain, and Russia. Also Italy, Serbia, Belgium and several other countries.The U.S. will join in 1917.
6Triple Alliance (Central Powers) Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria.
7Main Factors U.S. enters WWI May 7, 1915: A British passenger ship was sunk off the coast of Ireland by a German U-Boat. About 1,200 people died including 128 Americans.The sinking of the Lusitania outraged AmericansU-Boats (Underwater Boats): German submarines
8Main Factors U.S. enters WWI Zimmerman Telegram: Sent by Foreign Secretary of Germany, Arthur Zimmerman, in January of 1917 to Mexico.Germany was asking Mexico to join them and fight against the U.S.In return Germany would help Mexico regain land that they lost in the Mexican Cession (Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona)Telegram intercepted by the British.
9U.S. enters WWIPresident Woodrow Wilson asked Congress for permission to go to war on April 2, 1917.U.S. Congress officially declared war on Germany on April 6, 1917.The U.S. joined the Allies.
10Texans in WWINearly 198,000 Texans served in the armed forces including about 450 nurses.By 1918 nearly 5,000 Texans had died.Many military training camps were started in TX.The largest aviation training center in the U.S. was established at Kelly Field in San Antonio.
11End of WWIFighting ended in WWI on November 11, 1918, when Germany signed an armistice with the Allies. (11th hour, 11th day of the 11th month)Armistice: a state of peace agreed to between opponents so they can discuss peace terms (agreement to stop all fighting)Treaty of Versailles was a peace treaty signed by Germany with the Allies on June 28, 1919 to end the war.8-10 million soldiers were killed.
12Armistice Day/Veterans Day First Armistice Day: November 11, 1919.Changed to a federal holiday in 1938.In 1954 it was changed to Veteran’s Day by President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
13Problems with Prohibition The prohibition period lasted for about 13 years until it was ended in 1933 with the 21st amendment.The 21st amendment (ended prohibition) repealed the 18th amendment which banned the manufacture, distribution, and sale of alcohol.
14Intolerance on the Rise Intolerance: An unwillingness to accept different people, ideas, or behaviors.The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) declared that its postwar goals were to preserve patriotism and moral behavior.Its members openly opposed Catholics, Jews, African Americans, and Hispanics.The KKK grew to 100,000 members and had elected members to important offices in TX and the U.S.