Presentation on theme: "Benthic Macro-invertebrates The Canary in the Coal Mine!"— Presentation transcript:
Benthic Macro-invertebrates The Canary in the Coal Mine!
What are they? Benthic= Bottom Dwelling Macro= seen with naked eye Invertebrates= no back bone
Why monitor them? Macroinvertebrate Biodiversity Index or MBI Relative tolerance to pollutants called a Tolerance Value (Tv) A number line of 1 to 11 The lower the number the less tolerant the species is to pollution Stone Fly = 1.5 Tv
Adaptations Based on their primary habitat – Riffle – Run – Pool
Flat Worm / Planaria Less than 2cm in length Pointed head with two “eye spots” Glide along bottom of the pan No segments
Leeches 2 cm to 5cm long Segmented Thin head and fat tail regions Two movements in the pan – Undulated swimming – Inch worm along bottom of pan
Aquatic Worm Looks like a terrestrial worm Light brown in color Segmented Up to 10 cm long Will crawl along bottom of the pan
Blood Worms Very small and thin Up to 2cm long Looks like a tiny red hair in the pan They can be found floating and sometimes wiggling on bottom of the pan Get their name from color, they have nothing to do with blood
Crawling Mayfly Three tails Gills along abdomen Long thin bodies Up to 2 cm long, but usually smaller in our creek 1cm Wing pads on abdomen
Clinging Mayfly Up to 2cm long Colors vary Look like they “work out” incredible legs for clinging to rocks in fast currents Large eyes 3 tails
Swimming Mayfly Three or two tailed. In our creek mainly 3 tailed. The two outer tails curve away and the gills are much longer and have a furry appearance
Torpedo Mayfly Look a little like the swimming mayfly but torpedo’s have a humped back
Burrowing Mayfly These mayflies have a very Furry appearance. There gills Are all over their bodies making them Look hairy. We have found these in our creek, but Have not found them in the past several Years.
Stone Fly TWO TAILS ONLY Distinctive coloration- turtle shell markings Very strong and hardy looking We do find these in our creek but have not for two years Is it a mayfly or a stone fly? ASK YOUR TEACHER TO MAKE SURE! WE NEED TO DOCUMENT THIS SPECIES!
Alderfly Reddish brown head Lighter colored abdomen Long gill filaments off the side and a long single filament off rear end Large mandibles Can be 1 cm to 4 cm long LION of the creek so get it out of your pan quick- it will eat everything else in a short amount of time!
Dobson Fly Large mandibles Dark Color Short dark gill spikes off abdomen OTHER LION of the creek. Remove immediately after documenting or you will have nothing else to count! : )
Water Penny Not to be confused with an Aquatic Sow bug! Reminds me of a scab from the top and looks like an alien from the underside! Oval shaped, brown and up to 1cm long in our creek This photo enhanced with color, naturally White in color
Riffle Beetle In these case we count both the adults and larva. Adults will be up to 3cm in size, black and their legs look like ribbons The larva are light brown and with dark heads but only one armoring
Side by Side Comparison Caddis- Hydropsychidae Riffle Beetle Larva- they sometimes Curl into a C-shape so not the armoring
Predacious Diving Beetle We typically only find the adult. We count the adult and the larva. Larva has a distinctive rounded head and these larva are big.
Broad Winged Damsel Fly Gills located at the tail, three large feathering looking appendages Can be 3 cm long
Narrow Winged Damsel Fly These guys typically look scary to students Longer pointed antennae, very long legs Long feathery gills on tail as well
Crane Fly Not a worm, but does look A little like a fat caterpillar Greenish in color Varies from 2cm to 6cm long Typically very big this time of year, They are responsible for shredding All of the leaves that fall in the creek Search leaf packs for them
Snipe Fly Also look like a caterpillar BUT they have suction cup feet Usually a reddish brown color Also can have feathery antennae
Crayfish Yes, they are fun, but they do not determine water quality and we do not count them So, let them go please! IF YOU FIND ONE THAT HAS RED PATCHES ON THE BODY, please show it your teacher. It may be invasive
Fish We do not count fish and for their safety do not want you to keep them in your pan. If you do find a fish do show it to your teacher so that we can determine if it is one of the following fish Johnny Darter- common Sculpin- some species are Endangered Rainbow Darter- Endangered Round Goby- Invasive