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“Heightened” Language

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Presentation on theme: "“Heightened” Language"— Presentation transcript:

1 “Heightened” Language
Writing Poetry “Heightened” Language

2 Writing Poetry Earliest poetry used for public performance

3 Writing Poetry A poem is “heightened” language Carefully chosen words
Sounds rhythms Imagery ideas

4 Figures of Speech Poetic Techniques

5 Simile-compares two unlike things with the word like or as
The washing machine coughed like a dying stegosaurus.

6 Example of Simile Novels are burgundy. They sound like a symphony orchestra. They taste sweet and smooth as warm syrup on homemade pancakes.

7 Metaphor-compares two unlike things without using like or as
That radio was the wide world come to visit in her parlor.

8 Example of Metaphor Novels are long emotional hugs.

9 Personification-technique that gives human traits to something that is nonhuman
The mailbox gaped with open mouth, speechless.

10 Example of Personification
Novels speak to me of worlds unknown.

11 Hyperbole-exaggerated statement, often humorous
A bicycle sped past with a sonic boom

12 With a new novel to read, I’m on top of the world.
Example of Hyperbole With a new novel to read, I’m on top of the world.

13 Sounds of Poetry Poetry Techniques

14 Alliteration-the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
I never wash or wax my car.

15 Assonance-the repetition of vowel sounds anywhere in words.
just catching dust in the sun

16 Consonance-the repetition of consonant sounds anywhere in words.
No fear of spilling something-the upholstery’s already stained.

17 Enjambment-is running a sentence across more than one line of verse or from one stanza to another
A clunky machine with which she wrote letters starting, “Dear Niece”.

18 Onomatopoeia-the use of words that sound like what they name.
that clackety old thing

19 Repetition-uses the same word, phrase, or pattern of words more than once, for emphasis or for rhythm. What flames shot from the tailpipes! What smoke rolled from the spinning tires! What gasps rose from the crowd! “I think I can. I think I can. I think I can.” The Little Engine that Could-1920

20 Rhyme-means using words whose endings sound alike.
End Rhyme – happens at the end of lines so it doesn’t get as much attention as it once did. (I never wash or wax it), I should mention.

21 Rhyme-means using words whose endings sound alike.
Internal Rhyme happens within lines. Finding her way in blinding snow.

22 Rhyme-means using words whose endings sound alike.
Half rhyme or slant rhyme is words with similar but not identical sounds. Hope is the Thing with Feathers That perches in the soul, And sings the tune without the words, And never stops at all.

23 Rhyming couplet is two lines of poetry that rhyme and have the same meter. 
I saw a little hermit crab His coloring was oh so drab

24 Quatrain is a four line stanza.
Rhyme scheme is the pattern of rhymes formed by the end rhyme in a stanza or poem. It is designated by the assignment of a different letter of the alphabet to each new rhyme.  (ABBA BCCB, for example) Quatrain is a four line stanza.

25 Rhythm-the pattern of accented and unaccented syllables in a poem.
Iambic: an unstressed followed by a stressed syllable (I am’) Trochaic: a stressed followed by an unstressed syllable (lat’-ter)

26 ASSIGNMENT 2 Writing Cinquains
A five line poem using precise syllables in each line

27 Writing Cinquains The first line has 2 syllables the second has four
the third six the fourth eight the final line just two again (2, 4, 6, 8, 2)

28 Writing Cinquains Iambic rhythm – traditionally used in Cinquains * 1st and last lines are strongly accented Cinquain Essentials – Precise words are essential Make every syllable count – not just filling in the form Closure in the very last line – final 2 syllables should feel like the climax to the poem

29 Writing Cinquains-Example
Hammers 2 Hammers 4 are perfect for 6 driving nails or breaking 8 things: full piggy banks, geodes – and 2 silence.

30 Writing Cinquains-Assignment
Write a cinquain poem Follow the cinquain format Include figures of speech* or sound techniques* & label them *See poetry notes

31 Extended Metaphor A comparison in verse

32 Extended Metaphor: a comparison between two unlike things that continues throughout a poem or paragraph

33 “Mother to Son” by Langston Hughes

34 Extended Metaphor Poems
Picking Up the Pieces: the Mosaic Vase You are an intricate mosaic vase, With so many glass pieces to your being. All labeled by various colors and shapes. Reds, blues, oranges, gigantic, small, sharp. Your colors represent who and what you will always be— A difference, a sister, a teacher, a daughter, a venturer, a writer, a Hodgepodge of unique.

35 Extended Metaphor Poems
You are a fascinatingly beautiful mosaic vase, A vase that lights up a dull room, boring and lifeless. I wonder and admire how you put yourself together-- Even through the hardest of times-- In order to create a stunning Work of art. Even though you are quite rare and fragile with all your misshaped and broken glass pieces, You are shaped to perfection. You are a mosaic vase. --Jaclyn Pryzbylkowski

36 Extended Metaphor Poems
My Room My room is heaven with its clouds on the walls that are lit with a luminous glow from the gentle morning sun. That light is the key that opens my eyes. The pillows on my bed are as fluffy as clouds and as soft as a baby's bottom. The birds' chirping is like angels singing in my ears. I am a God in my room and nothing else matters. ---Michelle Krebs, Eve Elsing, Sarah Duckert, and Maria Simental

37 Extended Metaphor Poems
Chess Chess is the war of past ages. Kings are at their throne. Pawns are on the frontline. Peasants dying first while Knights jump around looking for a fight. Bishops using their magic, up and down the field. and Rooks, the castler, defending walls of stone The queen all power and beauty the one most other kings want ---Matt Liegel

38 Extended Metaphor: Assignment
Write an extended metaphor poem Create the metaphor (1st line) Make notes of the characteristics of the noun Use those characteristics to extend the metaphor throughout the poem

39 Lyric Poetry Expressing Emotions

40 Lyric Poetry A lyric poem expresses personal thoughts and feelings
often brief, rhymed verse with a pronounce rhythm

41 Speaker: is the voice behind the poem – the person we imagine to be speaking the speaker is not the poet

42 The Passionate Shepherd to his Love by Christopher Marlowe
COME live with me and be my Love, And we will all the pleasures prove That hills and valleys, dales and fields, Or woods or steep mountain yields.

43 “The Passionate Shepherd…”
And we will sit upon the rocks, And see the shepherds feed their flocks By shallow rivers, to whose falls Melodious birds sing madrigals.

44 “The Passionate Shepherd…”
And I will make thee beds of roses And a thousand fragrant posies; A cap of flowers, and a kirtle Embroider'd all with leaves of myrtle.

45 “The Passionate Shepherd…”
A gown made of the finest wool Which from our pretty lambs we pull; Fair-linèd slippers for the cold, With buckles of the purest gold.

46 “The Passionate Shepherd…”
A belt of straw and ivy-buds With coral clasps and amber studs: And if these pleasures may thee move, Come live with me and be my Love.

47 “The Passionate Shepherd…”
The shepherd swains shall dance and sing For thy delight each May morning: If these delights thy mind may move, Then live with me and be my Love.

48 Lyric Poetry – Assignment
Write an original modern lyric poem Choose a modern subject create the title At least 5 quatrains Consistent rhyme scheme

49 "The Passionate Pupil Declaring Love"
Come meet with me and after school Perhaps you'll see that I'm no fool If only you would understand, How I want to hold your hand We could walk around the park Until the day grows old and dark And on the swings we'll learn to fly Together we will touch the sky, And I will make a daisy chain, Create a crown from drops of rain Weave a gown of greenest grass And watch the hours quickly pass, As we run home through all the streets I shall give you all my sweets, The singing of the traffic jam Will tell you how in love I am In class your laughter makes me cry And I just want to ask you why You think that I am such a fool To dream of meeting after school.

50 Narrative Poetry Telling a Story

51 Narrative Poetry tells a story speaker is usually a narrator
often written in metered verse

52 The Highwayman The wind was a torrent of darkness among the gusty trees.    The moon was a ghostly galleon tossed upon cloudy seas.    The road was a ribbon of moonlight over the purple moor,    And the highwayman came riding—          Riding—riding— The highwayman came riding, up to the old inn-door.

53 He’d a French cocked-hat on his forehead, a bunch of lace at his chin,   
A coat of the claret velvet, and breeches of brown doe-skin. They fitted with never a wrinkle. His boots were up to the thigh.    And he rode with a jewelled twinkle,          His pistol butts a-twinkle, His rapier hilt a-twinkle, under the jewelled sky.

54 Over the cobbles he clattered and clashed in the dark inn-yard.
He tapped with his whip on the shutters, but all was locked and barred.    He whistled a tune to the window, and who should be waiting there    But the landlord’s black-eyed daughter,          Bess, the landlord’s daughter, Plaiting a dark red love-knot into her long black hair.

55 “The Highwayman” by Alfred Noyes http://www. cleanvideosearch

56 “The Highwayman” by Jimmy Webb (1977) video performance by Willie Nelson, Johnny Cash, Waylon Jennings and Kris Kristofferson (2013)

57 English or Shakespearean
Sonnets English or Shakespearean

58 Sonnets Form originated in Italy during Middle Ages1300-1400s
Came to England during Shakespeare’s time

59 English/Shakespearean Sonnet
Form 3 Quatrains (12 lines) + a Couplet (2 lines) 14 Lines Iambic pentameter (unstressed stressed) {da dum da dum da dum…} Rhyme Scheme abab cdcd efef gg Shift or turn – a change or contrast in tone

60 English/Shakespearean Sonnet
Question: Poses a question (sometimes) Lines 1-8 (quatrain 1 & 2) The Turn: Line 9-12 (Third quatrain) Answers question Couplet Lines 13-14 Summarize or sum up point

61 Sonnet 18 Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate. Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer’s lease hath all too short a date.

62 Sonnet 18 – Quatrain 1 Poses a question Shall I compare the to a summer’s day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate. Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer’s lease hath all too short a date. A A B A B Begins to answer

63 Sonnet 18 – Quatrain 2 Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimmed; And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance, or nature’s changing course untrimmed.

64 Sonnet 18 – Quatrain 2 Continues answer Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimmed; And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance, or nature’s changing course untrimmed. C D C D

65 Sonnet – Quatrain 3 – The Turn
But thy eternal summer shall not fade, Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest, Nor shall Death drag thou wander’st in his shade, When in eternal lines to time thou grow’st.

66 Sonnet – Quatrain 3 – The Turn
Shows contrast But thy eternal summer shall not fade, Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest, Nor shall Death brag thou wander’st in his shade When in eternal lines to time thou grow’st. E F E F

67 Sonnet 18 – The Couplet So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see, So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

68 Sonnet 18 – The Couplet A final answer G So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see, So long lives this, and this gives life to thee. G Sums up main point

69 Sonnet 130 – Quatrain 1 My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun; Coral is far more red than her lips’ red; If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun; If hairs be wires, black wires grow in her head.

70 Sonnet 130 – Quatrain 2 I have seen roses demask’d, red and white, But no such roses see I in her cheeks, And in some perfumes is there more delight Than in the breath that from my mistress reeks.

71 Sonnet 130 – Quatrain 3 I love to hear her speak, yet well I know That music hath a far more pleasing sound; I grant I never saw a goddess go, My mistress when she walks tread on the ground.

72 Sonnet 130 – The Couplet And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare As any she belied with false compare.

73 Write a Sonnet-Assignment 4
Using one of Shakespeare’s sonnets as a model, write a love poem about/to someone you know (parent, grandparent, friend, sibling).

74 Assignment – Write a Sonnet
Think about their personality, character, appearance, habits, and mannerisms. Compare them to something else. (weather/sky, food/drink, building/house, landscape/scenery) Write your thoughts and feelings about this person, “talking to” him or her.

75 Write a Sonnet- Assignment 4
Be aware of rhyme Be specific! For example: instead of flower say lily or buttercup Instead of repeating words, find another way to say it or change to a new idea.

76 ASSIGNMENT 3 Writing Free Verse
do not follow any specific rules and have no rhyme or rhythm

77 Writing Free Verse sometimes thought to be a modern form of poetry
have been around for hundreds of years incorporate Figures of Speech or Sound Techniques

78 Writing Free Verse Winter Poem once a snowflake fell
by Nikki Giovanni once a snowflake fell on my brow and i loved it so much and i kissed it and it was happy and called its cousins and brothers and a web of snow engulfed me then

79 Writing Free Verse i reached to love them all and i squeezed them and they became a spring rain and i stood perfectly still and was a flower

80 Writing Free Verse-assignment
Write a free verse poem about a fond memory. Maintain the artistic expression of a poem. Challenge-include figures of speech & sound techniques and label them

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