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Rhyme & Meter. Review 1.How many syllables does “dilemma” have? 2.How many syllables do iambs & trochaics have? 3.The word “infer” has what type of rhythm?

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Presentation on theme: "Rhyme & Meter. Review 1.How many syllables does “dilemma” have? 2.How many syllables do iambs & trochaics have? 3.The word “infer” has what type of rhythm?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Rhyme & Meter

2 Review 1.How many syllables does “dilemma” have? 2.How many syllables do iambs & trochaics have? 3.The word “infer” has what type of rhythm? 4.How many syllables do anapestic & dactylic have? 5.The word “happily” has what type of rhythm? 6.The beat of poetry (stressed & unstressed) is called? 7.The length of a line of poetry based on rhythm is called? 8.Meter is measured in units of 2 or 3 syllables called…? 9.If a line of poetry has 1 foot it is called? 10.If a line of poetry has 4 feet it is called?

3 More Rhyme & Meter

4 Shakespearean sonnets Contains 3 quatrains and a heroic couplet, all written in iambic pentameter. 14 lines long Rhyming pattern of the sonnets: – abab, cdcd, efef, gg Iambic Pentameter: a meter of syllables (unstressed, stressed) containing 5 feet. Heroic Couplet: last two lines of the sonnet that has 2 rhyming lines.

5 My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun; A Coral is far more red than her lips' red; B If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun; A If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head. B I have seen roses damasked, red and white, C But no such roses see I in her cheeks; D And in some perfumes is there more delight C Than in the breath that from my mistress reeks. D I love to hear her speak, yet well I know E That music hath a far more pleasing sound; F I grant I never saw a goddess go; E My mistress when she walks treads on the ground. F And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare G As any she belied with false compare. G

6 Meter/feet The rhythm of a poem is expressed in feet or syllables. The syllables are either stressed or unstressed. The pair (2) of syllables become a foot. In iambic pentameter there are 5 feet (10 syllables) The syllables are unstressed ( ) or stressed ( / ) The division of the feet is marked by the symbol ( ǀ ) It sounds like: / / / / / da DUM ǀ da DUM ǀ da DUM ǀ da DUM ǀ da DUM ǀ ᵕ ᵕ ᵕ ᵕ ᵕ ᵕ

7 My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun; A Coral is far more red than her lips' red; B If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun; A If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head. B I have seen roses damasked, red and white, C But no such roses see I in her cheeks; D And in some perfumes is there more delight C Than in the breath that from my mistress reeks. D

8 I love to hear her speak, yet well I know E That music hath a far more pleasing sound; F I grant I never saw a goddess go; E My mistress when she walks treads on the ground. F And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare G As any she belied with false compare. G

9 iambic iambic foot pentameter heroic couplet quatrain iambic pentameter rhyming pattern Shakespearean sonnet 1.A __________ consists of 4 lines of verse in a poem. 2.__________ refers to the foot that is used in a rhyming pattern. 3.__________ = five 4.A pair of syllables containing unstressed/stressed syllables is an __________. 5.Poems written in iambic pentameter are typically referred to as __________. 6.Typical of Shakespearean Sonnets, the last two lines are referred to as the __________. 7.In a Shakespearean Sonnet the __________ is abab, cdcd, efef, gg 8.A meter used in poetry consisting of 5 feet in a line, or ten syllables is written in __________.

10 MORE POETRY CONCEPTS & TERMS

11 Eye Rhymes When words look like thy should rhyme but in actuality do not. Example: Stone & none Dove & move Bough & though You can pronounce them so they rhyme even though they don’t in reality. Open your books to page 162 “Upon his Departure Hence”

12 Parallelism Parallelism is the construction of 2 or more thoughts in the same pattern. 3 types of parallelism: 1.An idea is stated in the first line & restated in the 2 nd For he hath founded it upon the seas, And established it upon the floods. 2.An idea is stated in the first line & contrasted in the 2 nd Trust in the LORD with all your heart; And lean not unto your own understanding. 3.A thought is developed/expanded throughout the poem The law of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul: The testimony of the LORD is sure, making the wise simple. The statutes of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart: The commandment of the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes.

13 Psalms in the Bible The Psalms were songs and poems originally written in Hebrew and had their own sound and style Isaac Watts translated the Psalms of the Bible into English verse, giving them rhyme and meter. He wrote most of the Psalms using the 3 most popular meters: – Common meter (a quatrain with a syllable pattern of 8686) – Short meter (a quatrain with a syllable pattern of 6686) – Long meter (a quatrain with a syllable pattern of 8888)

14 Psalms Turn to page 166


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