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Published byMoses Evans Modified over 7 years ago
Shakespearean Sonnets NOTES
By: Elizabeth Maske ©
The Basics 14 lines EXACTLY 3 quatrains, 1 couplet Iambic Pentameter
Shakespearean rhyme scheme ABAB / CDCD / EFEF / GG Theme within the ending couplet
What is a Quatrain? A quatrain is four lines of rhyming poetry.
Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate. Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And Summer’s lease hath all too short a date.
What is a Couplet? A couplet is two lines of rhyming poetry.
So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see, So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
What is Iambic Pentameter?
Iambic pentameter describes the rhythm within lines of poetry; specifically, five FEET of iambic rhythm or meter (same thing).
What is a Foot? In poetry, a FOOT refers to a set of two syllables.
today the dog hello goodbye
It’s not TOday. It’s toDAY.
What is an Iamb? An Iamb consists of two syllables (one foot) that have an unstressed, stressed pattern. today It’s not TOday. It’s toDAY.
What is Pentameter? Pentameter refers to the meter (rhythm) in a poem when it has FIVE feet in one line. Think pentagon (five sides) Shall I compare thee to a sum mer’s day?
What is Rhyme Scheme? Rhyme scheme is the pattern that ending words follow.
Shakespearean Rhyme All Shakespearean sonnets follow the same rhyme scheme, which is: ABAB CDCD EFEF GG
Like This: Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? (A)
Thou art more lovely and more temperate. (B) Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, (A) And summer's lease hath all too short a date. (B) Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, (C) And often is his gold complexion dimmed; (D) And every fair from fair sometime declines, (C) By chance, or nature's changing course, untrimmed; (D) But thy eternal summer shall not fade, (E) Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st, (F) Nor shall death brag thou wand'rest in his shade, (E) When in eternal lines to Time thou grow'st. (F) So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see, (G) So long lives this, and this gives life to thee. (G)
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