WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE Made famous by William Shakespeare Wrote many sonnets Many of his plays also written in sonnet form
WHAT IS A SONNET? 14 line poem Written in iambic pentameter Pentameter = each line has 10 syllables Iambic = those 10 syllables are divided into 5 pairs/5 feet Iamb = 1 unstressed syllable followed by 1 STRESSED syllable Quite simply, it sounds like this: dee DUM, dee DUM, dee DUM, dee DUM, dee DUM Example But soft, what light through yonder window breaks but SOFT /what LIGHT /through YON/der WIN/dow BREAKS
SONNET STRUCTURE Stanzas 14 lines in a Shakespearean sonnet first 12 lines are divided into three quatrains with 4 lines each In the three quatrains the poet establishes a theme or problem and then resolves it in the final 2 lines, called the couplet. Rhyme Scheme Quatrains follow this rhyme scheme: Abab cdcd efef Couplet follows this rhyme scheme: Gg Entire poem: Abab cdcd efef gg
SONNET 18: “SHALL I COMPARE THEE TO A SUMMER’S DAY?” SHALL I COMPARE THEE TO A SUMMER'S DAY? THOU ART MORE LOVELY AND MORE TEMPERATE. ROUGH WINDS DO SHAKE THE DARLING BUDS OF MAY, AND SUMMER'S LEASE HATH ALL TOO SHORT A DATE. SOMETIME TOO HOT THE EYE OF HEAVEN SHINES, AND OFTEN IS HIS GOLD COMPLEXION DIMMED; AND EVERY FAIR FROM FAIR SOMETIME DECLINES, BY CHANCE, OR NATURE'S CHANGING COURSE, UNTRIMMED; BUT THY ETERNAL SUMMER SHALL NOT FADE, NOR LOSE POSSESSION OF THAT FAIR THOU OW'ST, NOR SHALL DEATH BRAG THOU WAND'REST IN HIS SHADE, WHEN IN ETERNAL LINES TO TIME THOU GROW'ST. SO LONG AS MEN CAN BREATHE, OR EYES CAN SEE, SO LONG LIVES THIS, AND THIS GIVES LIFE TO THEE.
YOUR TASK 1.Read the Romeo & Juliet prologue. 2.Define any unknown words. 3.Paraphrase each line into your own words/Translate into modern English 4.Mark the rhyme scheme. 5.Identify and explain literary devices that you notice.