Presentation on theme: "T HE F RENCH R EVOLUTION. S EPTEMBER 20 10.2.4 - Explain how the ideology of the French Revolution led France to develop from constitutional monarchy."— Presentation transcript:
T HE F RENCH R EVOLUTION
S EPTEMBER Explain how the ideology of the French Revolution led France to develop from constitutional monarchy to democratic despotism to the Napoleonic empire. I will be able to timeline the French Revolution from the reign of King Louis XVI to the Reign of Terror StandardObjective Warm Up: Name all the different estates during King Louis XVI’s reign and who made up each group
T WITTER P ROJECT S ET UP In the following notes, please be sure to take notes on the dates and what event took place on that date. You will be using those dates in your twitter page.
B EFORE THE F RENCH R EVOLUTION King Louis XVI comes into power Became King of France in June 11, 1775 Married to Marie Antoinette May 16, 1770 when King Louis XVI was 15. The Old Order In the 1770’s, it was the division of three Estates
D AWN OF THE R EVOLUTION Second Estate called the Estates-General to meet for the first time in 175 years May 5, 1789 in Versailles Third Estate established the National Assembly to end monarchy and begin representative government June 17, 1789 beginning of the French Revolution Tennis Court Oath June 20, 1789 – Third Estate locked out, broke into the Tennis Court and drew up a constitution Storming the Bastille July 1, 1789 – People began to revolt against the King by taking over the Bastille Prison The Great Fear July 19 th – Aug 3 rd 1789 Looting of nobles houses October 5, 1789 – Parisian women marched on Versailles to have King Louis return to Paris.
T ENNIS C OURT O ATH
S TORMING THE B ASTILLE
P ARISIAN W OMEN M ARCH OF V ERSAILLES
C HECKPOINT ! Q: Who called the Estates-General meeting for the first time in 175 years? A: The Second Estate on May 5, Q: What was the Tennis Court Oath? A: Third Estate was locked out of the Estates-General meeting, broke into the tennis court next door, would not leave till they created a new constitution. Q: What started the Great Fear? A: The rumor of the nobles burning down peasants houses and their crops. This lead to the looting of noble’s houses and the burning of debt papers.
S EPTEMBER 23/ Explain how the ideology of the French Revolution led France to develop from constitutional monarchy to democratic despotism to the Napoleonic empire. I will be able to chronologically order the events of the French Revolution and summarize each event through a twitter activity. StandardObjective Warm Up: What are the three main events which lead up to the start of the French Revolution. Be sure to explain each event. When finished, fill out the first page of the notes worksheet.
T HE A SSEMBLY R EFORMS F RANCE August 25, 1789 Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen Included ideas from the Declaration of Independence “liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression” Guaranteed freedom of speech, justice, and freedom of religion State Controlled Church Assembly takes the Church’s land Church officials to be elected (paid as state officials) No longer could own land and political independence This turned the people against the assembly Believed the Pope should rule over the Church not the State June 20, 1791 King Louis XVI tries to escape to Austria (where Marie Antoinette is from) Paris guards catch them and return him to the city
D IVISIONS D EVELOP September 30, 1791 National Assembly finishes the new constitution Includes a limited constitutional monarchy Stripped the king of most of his power Creates the Legislative Assembly Émigrés (conservatives) Nobles who fled France Wanted to undo the revolution and restore the Old Regime (also known as the Old Order) Sans-culottes (liberals) “those without knee breeches” (wore regular trousers) Wanted the revolution to bring more change
L EFT É MIGRÉ R IGHT S ANS -C ULOTTES
W AR AND E XECUTION April 20, 1792 Other European countries were afraid of revolution wanted to stop ideas from spreading France declares war on Austria and Prussia for wanting to restore King Louis XVI to the throne July 25, 1792 Austrians march to Paris Threatened to destroy the French if they had any members of the royal family August 10, ,000 revolutionaries invade where the royal family was staying Killed the royal guards and imprisoned King Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, and their children. Rumors spread that supporters of the King were going to break him out of prison Led to raids and murders throughout Paris Nobles, priests and royalists were the target of the September Massacres September 21 st National Convention takes over for the National Assembly Abolishes monarchy, makes France a republic
J ACOBINS T AKE C ONTROL Most influential French Revolution political club. Jean-Paul Marat Edited a newspaper called “L’ami du Peuple” (Friend of the People) Wanted those who supported the king to die Georges Danton The groups most talented speaker Devoted to the rights of the poor in Paris January 21 st 1793 King Louis is sent to the guillotine to be beheaded This marks the beginning of the Reign of Terror! Jacobins are the reason!
T HE R EIGN OF T ERROR
S EPTEMBER 25/ Explain how the ideology of the French Revolution led France to develop from constitutional monarchy to democratic despotism to the Napoleonic empire. I will be able to chronologically order the events of the French Revolution and summarize each event through a twitter activity. Standard Warm Up: Take out your note worksheet about the French Revolution. Highlight your notes section all the dates and the event on that date. There should be 18 dates! Start with the King coming into power, ending with the End of the Reign of Terror. Be sure to draw an arrow to the event.
E VENTS ! 1. Louis XVI becomes King of France in June 11, King Louis XVI marries Marie Antoinette on May 16, Estates General Called on May 5, 1789 in Versailles 4. Third Estate creates the National Assembly on June 17, 1789 (begins the French Revolution) 5. June 20, 1789 – Tennis Court Oath 6. July 1, 1789 – Storming the Bastille 7. July 19 th – Aug 3 rd 1789 – The Great Fear 8. October 5, 1789 – Parisian women marched on Versailles 9. August 25, 1789 – Declaration of the Rights of Man signed
E VENTS P ART D EUX ! 10. June 20, 1791 – King Louis XVI tries to escape 11. September 30, 1791 – National Assembly finishes new constitution 12. April 20, 1792 – France Declares war on Austria and Prussia 13. July 1792 – Austrians march on Paris 14. August 10, 1792 – King Louis imprisoned by 20,000 revolutionaries 15. September 21, 1792 – France gets rid of monarchy, declares itself a republic 16. January 21 st 1793 – King Louis XVI + family beheaded 17. July 27, 1793 – Robespierre becomes leader of Committee of Public Safety 18. September 5, 1793 – Reign of Terror officially begins. 19. July 28, 1794 – Robespierre is guillotined.