2 The Great Upheaval The Great Expulsion The Deportation The Great Uprooting The Great Diaspora
3 “In the catalog of North American horrors, the destruction of Acadia can seem slight alongside the dispossession of Indian peoples and the enslavement of Africans, but it resonates deeply in our world of ethnic cleansing.”Richard White, professor of American History, Stanford University
18 1710 - 1713 1710 - British take Port Royal British take Grand-PréTreaty of UtrechtMost of Acadia to British (Nova Scotia)
19 1713 – Treaty of UtrechtLeave colony or remain on land and enjoy “the free exercise of their Religion, according to the Usage of the Church of Rome, as far as the Laws of Great Britain do allow the same."
20 Conditional Oath“We will take up arms neither against his Britannic Majesty, nor against France, nor against any of their subjects or allies.”
21 “Signing of the Oath” by Nelson Surette “Signing of the Oath” by Nelson Surette
22 1730s - Prosperity Acadian Population Rich diet, no epidemics 1703 – 14501730 – 6,0001750 – 13,000 to 15,000Rich diet, no epidemicsStill tradingConditional oath is a victory
26 “We are now upon a great and noble Scheme of sending the neutral French out of this Province, who have always been secret Enemies, and have encouraged our Savages to cut our throats. If we effect their Expulsion, it will be one of the greatest Things that ever the English did in America; for by all Accounts, that part of the Country they possess, is as good Land as any in the World: In case therefore we could get some good English Farmers in their Room, this Province would about with all Kinds of Provisions.”- Pennsylvania Gazette, 4 September 1755
33 1763 End of the French and Indian War Treaty of Paris: All of France’s North American possessions to EnglandEnd of the Great DeportationAllowed to return to Nova ScotiaFirst Acadians to arrive in Louisiana: 20 people made of 4 families from New York in Mobile, AL
37 “The Arrival of the Acadians in Louisiana” mural by Robert Dafford
38 What to make of this?Ethnic cleansing: the removal of one people by another from a geographic region through violence and terrorGenocide: the destruction of one people by anotherOrShould one be allowed to claim neutrality in the clash of empires? Should one have to choose or the choice will be made for them?
39 Events The Royal Proclamation of 2003 July 28 - Day of Commemoration of the Great Upheaval400th Anniversary of AcadiaCongrès Mondial Acadien, Caraquet NB August 2009
40 Historical Sites Grand-Pré Park, NS Historical Acadian Village of Nova Scotia, West Pubnico, NSFortress of Louisbourg, NSAcadian Memorial, St-Martinville LA
42 LiteratureÉvangeline, A Tale of Acadie, poem by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1847)Pélagie-la-Charrette by Antonine Maillet (1979)
43 Music “Acadian Driftwood” by The Band Grand Dérangement Blou Feufollet Zachary Richard (LA)Wilfred Le Bouthiller (Tracadie-Sheila, NB)Roch Voisine (Edmunston, NB)Edith Butler (Paquetville, NB)Le grain de milOh cher, veux-tu venir danser?
44 People Last names – millions of descendants Family reunions Acadian flag
46 Where is Acadia?“From the 1630s to 1755, Acadia was a region in what is now Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick and eastern Maine.Now, Acadia is anywhere Acadians live, and Acadians live throughout the world. Acadia is a nation without a border. Patrie sans frontière.”Canadian-American CenterUniversity of Maine