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Samuel de Champlain (1567?-1635) was a French explorer and navigator who mapped much of northeastern North America and started a settlement in Quebec.

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Presentation on theme: "Samuel de Champlain (1567?-1635) was a French explorer and navigator who mapped much of northeastern North America and started a settlement in Quebec."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Samuel de Champlain (1567?-1635) was a French explorer and navigator who mapped much of northeastern North America and started a settlement in Quebec. Champlain also discovered the lake named for him (Lake Champlain, on the border of northern New York state and Vermont, in 1609).

3 Champlain (1604-1607) From 1604-1607, Champlain sailed around and charted most of the coast of Nova Scotia, and down the coast to Cape Cod and Martha's Vineyard in Massachusetts, and later to Rhode Island. Rhode Island Massachusetts St. Lawrence R. Nova Scotia Champlain Exploring new Territory

4 Champlain founds Port Royal Port-Royal National Historic Site features a reconstruction of early 17th-century buildings. The buildings represent the French colony that was located on the coast of Nova Scotia. After a short time in France, Champlain returned to Canada and helped found a colony in Port Royal, Nova Scotia (1605).

5 Samuel Champlain visits the site of the Plymouth Plantation This map was drawn by Samuel de Champlain when he visited the Plymouth area in 1606. It shows the area has been cleared except for a few scattered trees. He pictured native dwellings with their gardens around the harbor. The only two points which show groves of trees are the two points of land at the harbor entrance. The remainder of the land area had been cleared for habitation and gardens.

6 Champlain founds Quebec In 1608, Champlain led 32 colonists to settle Quebec in order to establish it as a fur-trading center. Only nine colonists survived the first bitter winter in Quebec, but more settlers arrived the following summer. Quebec becomes a royal province in 1663 Samuel de Champlain Champlain’s route up the St. Lawrence R. to Quebec.

7 Champlain- Friend to the Huron In 1609, Champlain befriended the Huron Indians and helped them fight the Iroquois (this battle led to 150 years of bitterness and hostility between the Iroquois and the French). It was during this venture that he discovered Lake Champlain. Champlain helping the Huron fight the Iroquois. Champlain trading with the Huron Indians.

8 Lake Champlain is Named after the man who discovered it for France, Samuel de Champlain. Lake Champlain is between New York and Vermont. A small portion is in present day Canada.

9 Champlain Explores the Northeastern U.S. In 1613, Champlain sailed up the St. Lawrence River, and explored the Ottawa River. Two years later, after returning from France, he retraced this route and ventured into what is now northern New York state and the eastern Great Lakes. St. Lawrence River New York Lake Ontario

10 Champlain becomes governor of Quebec before he dies. Champlain headed the Quebec settlement for years, until the English attacked and took the Fort at Quebec in July, 1629. Champlain once again returned to France. After a French- British peace treaty in 1632, Quebec was once again French, and Champlain returned as its governor in 1633. He died from a stroke on Dec. 25, 1635. Fort Quebec in 1608. Soldiers at Fort Quebec

11 Samuel Champlain Review Question: Champlain founded this Canadian Settlement, which became a royal province in 1663. Answer: Quebec Question: Champlain had this lake named after him. Answer: Lake Champlain Question: Champlain founded this fort in Nova Scotia. Answer: Fort Royal Question: Champlain became friends with this group of Native Americans. Answer: The Huron Question: Name three places Champlain explored that later became states. Answer: New York, Rhode Island and Massachusetts. Question: Samuel Champlain claimed land in Canada for this country. Answer: France Question: Champlain traveled up this river to get to Quebec. Answer: The St. Lawrence River


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