2 authorize (v.) to approve or permit; to give power or authority to Synonyms: order, entitle, empowerI wonder if Congress will someday authorize U.S. citizens to cast official votes over the Internet.
3 culprit(n.) a person who has committed a crime or is guilty of some misconduct; offenderSynonyms: lawbreaker, wrongdoerThanks to their efficient tracking methods, the police were able to catch the culprit red-handed.
4 dawdle(v.) to waste time; to be idle; to spend more time in doing something than is necessarySynonyms:delay, loiter, dillydallyIt’s relaxing to dawdle in the shower, but it wastes water.
5 dissect(v.) to cut apart in preparation for scientific study; to analyze with great careSynonym:examineI can’t wait to dissect a frog in biology class next week.
6 expend (v.) to pay out, spend; to use up Synonyms:utilize, consume, disburseThe most experienced long-distance runners learn not to expend their energy too soon.
7 fatality (n.) an event resulting in death; an accidental death Synonyms: casualty, mortalityThe driver slammed on thebrakes, but it was too late toprevent the traffic fatality.
8 gullible (adj.) easily fooled, tricked, or cheated Synonyms: trusting, innocent, naïve, credulousAre you gullible enough to believe everything you hear on the radio?
9 illicit (adj.) not permitted, unlawful, improper Synonyms: illegal, unauthorized, forbiddenStudents will be suspendedfor one week if they bringany illicit materials to school.
10 immerse (v.) to plunge or dip into a fluid; to involve deeply Synonyms: dunk, engrossI find it’s easier to immerse my entire body in a swimming pool than try to get used to the water slowly.
11 inflammatory(adj.) causing excitement or anger; leading to violence or disorderSynonyms: provoking, incendiary, provocativeThe candidate made an inflammatory speech that incensed all those who heard it.
12 memorandum (n.) a note to aid one’s memory; an informal note or report Synonyms: reminderThe principal posts a weekly memorandum to remind teachers of programs, deadlines, and special events.
13 pathetic(adj.) marked by strong emotion, especially pity and sorrow; able to move people emotionally; worthy of pity; woefully inadequateSynonyms: moving, distressing, pitiable, heartrendingIt was a pathetic sight to see so many starving people desperately begging for food.
14 persevere(v.) to keep doing something in spite of difficulties; to refuse to quit even when the going is toughSynonyms: plug away, pursue, stick to itThe patient needs to persevere with the painful exercises in order to be able to walk normally again.
15 prevaricate (v.) to lie, tell an untruth; to mislead on purpose Synonyms: fib, stretch the truth, equivocateHis reputation has suffered because of his unfortunate tendency to prevaricate.
16 quash (v.) to crush, put down completely Synonyms: suppress Swift military action was required to quash the revolt before anyone was injured.
17 relish(n.) enjoyment of satisfaction; something that adds a pleasing flavor; (v.) to enjoy greatlySynonyms: (n.) pleasure, gusto; (v) take delight inShe opened the tiny box with relish knowing that is contained a piece of jewelry.
18 reminisce (v.) to recall one’s past thoughts, feelings, or experiences Synonyms: remember, recollectAt the family reunion, we got to hear 94-year-old Tia Luzia reminisce about life in old Havana.
19 scour(v.) to clean or polish by hard rubbing; to examine with great care; to move about quickly in search ofSynonyms: scrub, search, combThe pot roast was delicious, but it won’t be any fun to scour the burned roasting pan.
20 tribute(n.) something done or given to show thanks or respect; a paymentSynonyms: praise, honor, homage, recognition, commendation, glorification, money, tax, levyThe best-selling author offered tribute to the teacher who inspired her.
21 writhe(v.) to make twisting or turning movements in a way that suggests pain or struggleSynonyms: twist, squirm, thrashIt’s so sad to see an injured bird writhe in pain.