Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

ENGINE OILS. Engine Principles and Layout APR1 52 7-11-02.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "ENGINE OILS. Engine Principles and Layout APR1 52 7-11-02."— Presentation transcript:

1 ENGINE OILS

2 Engine Principles and Layout APR

3 Turbochargers Engine Principles and Layout APR Increases the Airflow into the Cylinder Turbos Can Often Spin around 100,000 rpm Extremely Severe Environment for Lubrication

4 Pistons and Rings Engine Principles and Layout Lightweight Materials for Improved Effn. Ring Location Directly Related to Exhaust Emissions

5 Corrosion of EGR Valve Increased Corrosion Increased Corrosion - Cooled EGR leads to condensation and formation of higher acid levels Increased Soot Increased Soot - Increased levels of soot due to EGR Increased Engine Temperatures Increased Engine Temperatures - Engine coolant also used for EGR cooler Cooled EGR Impact on Lubricant

6 CHALLENGES FOR ENGINE OIL DIESEL ENGINE : A CHEMICAL REACTOR DIESEL ENGINE : A CHEMICAL REACTOR ON PISTON RING - CYLINDER ON PISTON RING - CYLINDER OIL TEMP C OIL TEMP C HIGH PRESSURE HIGH PRESSURE HIGH SHEAR HIGH SHEAR OXIDATION RATE OXIDATION RATE FOR 10 0 C RATE IS DOUBLED FOR 10 0 C RATE IS DOUBLED FOR 60 0 C RATE IS 2 6 TIMES (64) FOR 60 0 C RATE IS 2 6 TIMES (64) FOR C RATE IS 2 10 TIMES (1024) FOR C RATE IS 2 10 TIMES (1024)

7 CHALLENGES FOR ENGINE OIL OIL SUMP OIL SUMP TEMPERATURE C TEMPERATURE C MIXES WITH REACTION PRODUCTS MIXES WITH REACTION PRODUCTS BLOW BY GASES BLOW BY GASES FUEL DILUTION FUEL DILUTION WATER WATER DUST DUST

8 CHALLENGES FOR ENGINE OIL ADVERSE ENGINE ENVIRONMENT RESULTS IN ADVERSE ENGINE ENVIRONMENT RESULTS IN WEAR WEAR CORROSION CORROSION DEPOSITS DEPOSITS OXIDATION OXIDATION

9 FUNCTIONS OF ENGINE OILS PERMIT EASIER STARTING LUBRICATE AND PREVENT WEAR REDUCE FRICTION PROTECT AGAINST RUST AND CORROSION KEEP ENGINE INTERIORS CLEAN COOL ENGINE PARTS SEAL COMBUSTION PRODUCTS BE NON-FOAMING AID FUEL ECONOMY

10 EASY STARTING AND LUBRICATION AT HIGHER TEMP OIL PROPERTY REQUIRED LOW OIL VISCOSITY DURING STARTING LOW OIL VISCOSITY DURING STARTING RETAINTION OF VISCOSITY AT HIGH TEMP RETAINTION OF VISCOSITY AT HIGH TEMP VISCOSITY MODEFIERS REDUCE THE RATE OF VISCOSITY CHANGE WITH TEMP VISCOSITY MODEFIERS REDUCE THE RATE OF VISCOSITY CHANGE WITH TEMP POLYMERS EXPAND WITH TEMPERATURE TO COUNTERACT OIL THINNING POLYMERS EXPAND WITH TEMPERATURE TO COUNTERACT OIL THINNING

11 Temp-Viscosity

12 TYPICAL VISC VS TEMP RELATIONSHIP

13 Multigrade Engine Oils SAE SAE SAE SAE KV 100°C (cSt) Summer Grades Are Defined by Viscosity at 100°C Only

14 Multigrade Engine Oils Grade 0W 5W 10W 15W 20W 25W Winter Grades Are Defined by Viscosities at 100°C and Low Temperature Max CCS Viscosity (cP) 3250 at -30°C 3500 at -25°C 3500 at -20°C 3500 at -15°C 4500 at -10°C 6000 at -5°C CCS = Cold Cranking Simulator MRV = Mini Rotary Viscometer Max. MRV TP-1 Viscosity (cP) 60,000 at ,000 at ,000 at ,000 at ,000 at ,000 at -15 Min. KV 100°C (cSt)

15 Viscosity / Temperature Relationship Too Thick when cold Thick SAE 40 SAE 10W40 SAE 10W Too Thin when hot Increasing Viscosity Thin Winter starting temperatureEngine operating temperature 0o0o 150 o C C

16

17 Multigrade Oil Properties Advantages Seasonal Oil Changes Eliminated Seasonal Oil Changes Eliminated Easier Starting Plus Good Wear Performance Easier Starting Plus Good Wear Performance Pumpability Assurance in Cold Climates Pumpability Assurance in Cold Climates Reduced Oil Consumption Reduced Oil Consumption Reduced Fuel Consumption Reduced Fuel Consumption Better Bearing Lubrication Better Bearing Lubrication Equivalent Engine Cleanliness Equivalent Engine Cleanliness

18 Mechanism of Viscosity Modifier in Oil Effective Volume:Hydrodynamic Volume =Volume (Polymer Molecule) + Volume (Associated Oil) POORGOOD SOLUBILITY TEMPERATURE

19

20

21 CHEM Metals to Protect Iron - Main Metal Used to Forge Engine and Auxiliary Equipment Copper - Present in Bearings and Seals Lead - Present in Bearings Aluminum - Used in Newer Cars and Trucks to Make Them Lighter for Better Fuel Economy Protection Against Rust & Corrosion

22 TO KEEP ENGINE CLEAN DETERGENTS ARE USED IN THE FORMULATION TO KEEP ENGINE CLEAN AND FREE OF DEPOSITS DETERGENTS ARE USED IN THE FORMULATION TO KEEP ENGINE CLEAN AND FREE OF DEPOSITS TYPICALLY METLLO ORGANIC COMPOUND ARE USED TYPICALLY METLLO ORGANIC COMPOUND ARE USED METAL PART IS NORMALLY Ca, Mg, Na METAL PART IS NORMALLY Ca, Mg, Na ORGANIC PARTS ARE PHENATES, SULPHONATES ORGANIC PARTS ARE PHENATES, SULPHONATES HOB TYPES ARE MORE COMMON HOB TYPES ARE MORE COMMON FUNCTIONS ON CHEMICAL REACTION WITH SLUDGE, VARNISH ETC TO NEUTRALISE THEM FUNCTIONS ON CHEMICAL REACTION WITH SLUDGE, VARNISH ETC TO NEUTRALISE THEM

23 TO PREVENT OIL THICKENING CONSIDERABLE AMOUNT OF SLUDGE, SOOT, CARBON, PRODUCTS OF OXIDATION ETC ARE GENERATED IN THE ENGINE. CONSIDERABLE AMOUNT OF SLUDGE, SOOT, CARBON, PRODUCTS OF OXIDATION ETC ARE GENERATED IN THE ENGINE. ENGINE OIL CLEANS THESE FROM DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE ENGINE ENGINE OIL CLEANS THESE FROM DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE ENGINE ALL THESE INCREASES SOOT AND SLUDGE LOADING IN THE OIL CONSIDERABLY ALL THESE INCREASES SOOT AND SLUDGE LOADING IN THE OIL CONSIDERABLY THESE HAVE A NATURAL TENDENCY TO AGGLOMERATE AND FORM BIGGER LUMPS WHICH ULTIMATELY CLOGS FILTERS AND ALSO DROPS OUT OF THE OIL AT DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE ENGINE THESE HAVE A NATURAL TENDENCY TO AGGLOMERATE AND FORM BIGGER LUMPS WHICH ULTIMATELY CLOGS FILTERS AND ALSO DROPS OUT OF THE OIL AT DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE ENGINE

24 TO PREVENT OIL THICKENING PURPOSE OF DISPERSANTS IS TO KEEP INSOLUBLE CONTAMINANTS IN DISPERSED STATE IN THE OIL PURPOSE OF DISPERSANTS IS TO KEEP INSOLUBLE CONTAMINANTS IN DISPERSED STATE IN THE OIL MAINLY SUCCINIMIDES, SUCCINATE ESTERS, PHENOLIC AMINES ARE USED TO ACHIEVE THIS. MAINLY SUCCINIMIDES, SUCCINATE ESTERS, PHENOLIC AMINES ARE USED TO ACHIEVE THIS. FUNCTIONS BY BONDING WITH CONTAMINANTS BY POLAR ATTRACTION THEREBY PREVENTING AGGLOMERATION. LONG CHAIN IS THE SOLUBLE PART WHICH KEEPS THEM IN SOLUTION FUNCTIONS BY BONDING WITH CONTAMINANTS BY POLAR ATTRACTION THEREBY PREVENTING AGGLOMERATION. LONG CHAIN IS THE SOLUBLE PART WHICH KEEPS THEM IN SOLUTION

25 Mechanism of Dispersant Function CHEM Soot Agglomeration and Wear Good Dispersant Coverage, Particles Do Not Agglomerate “Patchy” Dispersant Coverage, Particles Agglomerate - “Bare Spots” Touch Soot

26 TO REDUCE FRICTION PURPOSE IS TO ALTER COEFFICIENT OF FRICTION PURPOSE IS TO ALTER COEFFICIENT OF FRICTION TYPICALLY ORGANIC FATTY ACIDS, AMIDES, HIGH MOL WT ORGANIC ACID ESTERS ARE USED. TYPICALLY ORGANIC FATTY ACIDS, AMIDES, HIGH MOL WT ORGANIC ACID ESTERS ARE USED. WORKS ON PREFERENTIAL ADSORPTION OF SURFACE ACTIVE MATERIALS WORKS ON PREFERENTIAL ADSORPTION OF SURFACE ACTIVE MATERIALS

27 TO DEPRESS POUR POINT Purpose : Purpose : Enable lubricant to flow at low temperature Typical compounds : Typical compounds : Alkylated naphthalene and phenolic polymers, polymethacrylates. Functions : Functions : Modify wax crystal formation to reduce interlocking.

28 TO REDUCE FOAM Purpose : Purpose : Prevent lubricant from forming a persistent foam Typical compounds : Typical compounds : Silicone polymers, organic copolymers Functions : Functions : Reduces surface tension to speed collapse of foam

29 TO RATARD OXIDATION Purpose : Purpose : Retard oxidative decomposition Typical compounds : Typical compounds : Zinc dithiophosphates, hindered phenols, aromatic amines, sulfurized phenols Functions : Functions : Decompose peroxides and terminate free radical reactions

30 DIESEL ENGINE OILS

31 APIU.S. MILITARYB.I.S/OTHERS CAMIL-L-2104A- CBMIL-L-2104A(suppl 1)- CCMIL-L-2104BE-DL 1 CDMIL-L-45199BE-DL 2 CD+MIL-L-2104CE-DL 3 CD IIMIL-L-2104D/E- CE-- CF-- CF-4MIL-L-2104EE-DL4 CF-2MIL-L-2104F- CF-4 +-E-DL5 CG-4/CH-4MIL-PRF-2104GE-DL6 CI-4-E-DL7 DIESEL ENGINE OILS PERFORMANCE LEVELS

32

33 PERFORMANCE ATTRIBUTES API CF-4 API CF DIESEL ENGINE SERVICE TYPICAL OF HIGH SPEED 4 STROKE ENGINES DIESEL ENGINE SERVICE TYPICAL OF HIGH SPEED 4 STROKE ENGINES. PARTICULARLY SUITABLE FOR ON HIGHWAY HEAVY DUTY TRUCKS PARTICULARLY SUITABLE FOR ON HIGHWAY HEAVY DUTY TRUCKS ENGINE TESTS REQUIRED ENGINE TESTS REQUIRED CRC L-38 : CORROSIVE WEAR PARTICULARLY IN BEARINGS CRC L-38 : CORROSIVE WEAR PARTICULARLY IN BEARINGS NTC 400 : DEPOSITS, OIL CONSUMPTION NTC 400 : DEPOSITS, OIL CONSUMPTION CATERPILLAR 1K : PISTON CLEANLINESS CATERPILLAR 1K : PISTON CLEANLINESS MACK T-6 : PISTON CLEANLINESS, OIL CONSUMPTION MACK T-6 : PISTON CLEANLINESS, OIL CONSUMPTION MACK T-7 : OIL THICKENING DUE TO SOOT MACK T-7 : OIL THICKENING DUE TO SOOT

34 PERFORMANCE ATTRIBUTES API CG-4 API CG DIESEL ENGINE SERVICE TYPICAL OF HIGH SPEED 4 STROKE ENGINES DIESEL ENGINE SERVICE TYPICAL OF HIGH SPEED 4 STROKE ENGINES. APPLICABLE FOR BOTH ON HIGHWAY AND OFF HIGHWAY HEAVY DUTY TRUCKS (BOTH FOR 0.5 % AND 0.05 % S FUEL) APPLICABLE FOR BOTH ON HIGHWAY AND OFF HIGHWAY HEAVY DUTY TRUCKS (BOTH FOR 0.5 % AND 0.05 % S FUEL) PARTICULARLY SUITABLE FOR ENGINES MEETING 1994 EMISSION NORMS PARTICULARLY SUITABLE FOR ENGINES MEETING 1994 EMISSION NORMS ENGINE TESTS REQUIRED ENGINE TESTS REQUIRED CRC L-38 : CORROSIVE WEAR PARTICULARLY IN BEARINGS CRC L-38 : CORROSIVE WEAR PARTICULARLY IN BEARINGS SEQUENCE IIIE : OIL OXIDATION, WEAR SEQUENCE IIIE : OIL OXIDATION, WEAR CATERPILLAR 1N : PISTON CLEANLINESS CATERPILLAR 1N : PISTON CLEANLINESS GM 6.2 l : ROLLER FOLLOWER WEAR GM 6.2 l : ROLLER FOLLOWER WEAR MACK T-8 : OIL THICKENING DUE TO SOOT MACK T-8 : OIL THICKENING DUE TO SOOT

35 OTHER BENCH TESTS REQUIREMENTS FOR CG-4 REQUIREMENTS FOR CG-4 CORROSION BENCH TEST : EFFECT ON COPPER, LEAD, TIN CORROSION BENCH TEST : EFFECT ON COPPER, LEAD, TIN FOAM TEST : FAMING TENDENCY / STABILITY FOAM TEST : FAMING TENDENCY / STABILITY AERATION : AERATION PROPERTY AERATION : AERATION PROPERTY NOAK : VOLATILITY TEST NOAK : VOLATILITY TEST EXTENDED VOLATILITY EXTENDED VOLATILITY SHEAR TEST : ABILITY TO WITHSTAND SHEAR THINNING SHEAR TEST : ABILITY TO WITHSTAND SHEAR THINNING REQUIREMENTS FOR CF-4 REQUIREMENTS FOR CF-4 CORROSION BENCH TEST : EFFECT ON COPPER, LEAD, TIN CORROSION BENCH TEST : EFFECT ON COPPER, LEAD, TIN

36 API CD -MILCY 30, 40, 50, HYL EXTRA -HYLUBE X-3 10W, 30, 40 API CF+ HP CHAMPION API CF-4 MILCY TOOFAN, HYL LL 15W 40 MB MILCY POWER, MILCY TURBO API CG-4 MB HP MILCY EUROL API CH-4 HP DIESELINO API CI-4 HP No1 API CD -MILCY 30, 40, 50, HYL EXTRA -HYLUBE X-3 10W, 30, 40 API CF+ HP CHAMPION API CF-4 MILCY TOOFAN, HYL LL 15W 40 MB MILCY POWER, MILCY TURBO API CG-4 MB HP MILCY EUROL API CH-4 HP DIESELINO API CI-4 HP No1 LOW OIL CONSUMPTION LONG DRAIN PERIOD LONGER ENGINE DURABILITY MAJOR DRIVING FORCES

37 PERFORMANCE BENEFITS : Excellent engine protection under high temperature operation Good engine start up under cold conditions Better all-round performance APPLICATION AREAS All four stroke diesel engines for round the year operation SPECIFICATION API CC/SC, MIL-L-2104B & E-DL1/E-PL1 of IS: PACKAGES 1 It, 3 It & 5 It, 20 It & 210 ltr HYLUBE HDX MULTIGRADE 20W-40

38 PERFORMANCE BENEFITS : ALL ROUND PERFORMANCE AT LOW COST ENGINE CLEANLINESS EFFICIENT LUBRICATION APPLICATION AREAS Diesel engines of buses, trucks, taxis, tractors, pumpsets, DGs SPECIFICATION API CC/SC, MIL-L-2104B & E-DL1/E-PL1 of IS: PACKAGES 1 It, 3 It & 5 It, 20 It & 210 ltr HP LAAL GHODA 20W-40

39 PERFORMANCE BENEFITS: Maintain excellent engine cleanliness Provides sufficient control on sludge & corrosive wear Possess excellent oxidation stability APPLICATION AREAS Super charged diesel engines service typical in earthmoving and construction equipment, X-3 10W can be used as an hydraulic fluid in Caterpillar transmissions SPECIFICATION API CD & MIL-L-45199B & E-DL2 of IS: PACKAGES 5 It,20 It & 210 ltr HYLUBE X-3 10W, 30, 40

40 MILCY 30, 40 APPLICATION AREAS Diesel engine oil for both naturally aspirated & supercharged engines. PERFORMANCE BENEFITS : Extended TBN Quality reserves Prevents oil thickening and enhances oil life Posses absolute control of corrosive wear. Excellent thermal & oxidation stability Superior diesel engine Protection for prolonged engine life Enhanced drain period Outstanding engine cleanliness SPECIFICATION API CD & MIL-L-2104C+Mack T-7, & EDL-3 of IS:

41 HP MILCY POWER APPLICATION AREAS For turbo-charged and super-charged heavy duty diesel engines fitted in both on and off highway services. Recommended for DG sets and Earthmoving equipment's as well. SPECIFICATION CARRIES API CF-4 DONUT. ALSO MEETS MIL-L 2104E, MB 228.1, CCMC D-4/G-4/PD-2 & E- DL3 of IS: PERFORMANCE BENEFITS: Superior engine deposit control Minimises ring sticking & liner wear. Extended TBN quality reserves. Reduce oil consumption & better fuel economy Prolonged engine life. Suitable for wide temperatures range. Minimum insoluble build up Excellent soot & sludge control

42 SPECIAL FEATURES Premium quality diesel engine oil. Especially suitable for latest engines meeting BS II (Euro II) emission norms. SPECIFICATIONS API CG-4/SJ, ACEA A3-98,B3-98,E3-96, MB 228.3, 229.1, Volvo VDS-2 MAN 271, Mack EO-L APPLICATION AREAS New generation diesel engines of both heavy commercial and light duty applications particularly those meeting BS II emission norms. PERFORMANCE BENEFITS Excellent Control on high temperature deposits. Exceptional thermal and oxidative stability. Ensures compliance of emission standards HP MILCY EUROL 15W 40

43 Improvement : New Category Mack T-8/T-8E Mack T-8/T-8E Soot Thickening Soot Thickening Mack T-9/T-10EGR Mack T-9/T-10EGR Ring & Liner Wear Ring & Liner Wear Cummins M11/M11EGR Cummins M11/M11EGR Valve Train Wear Valve Train Wear Caterpillar 1P/1R Caterpillar 1P/1R Piston Deposit, Sludge Piston Deposit, Sludge Sequence IIIE/IIIF Sequence IIIE/IIIF Oil Oxidation Oil Oxidation

44 SPECIAL FEATURES Premium Quality Diesel Engine Oil meeting highest level of performance and carrying API CH-4 accredition.This oil promises Engine Durability even under adverse applications.SPECIFICATIONS Meets API CH-4/CG-4, VOLVO VDS 2, MB requirements APPLICATION AREAS New Generation Diesel Engines of Trucks,Buses, Cars Construction Equipment & DG sets requiring API CH-4/CG-4/Volvo VDS -2 oils PERFORMANCE BENEFITS Excellent Soot handling properties. Good control over soot induced Wear Higher Levels of Piston Cleanliness High Temperature Stability Protection against oxidative & insoluble thickening HP DIESELINO 15W 40

45

46

47 PETROL ENGINE OILS

48

49

50 PERFORMANCE ATTRIBUTES API SF API SF 1980 THRU 1989 GASOLINE ENGINE SERVICE TYPICAL OF PASSENGER CARS THRU 1989 GASOLINE ENGINE SERVICE TYPICAL OF PASSENGER CARS. IMPROVED OXIDATION STABILITY, ANTI WEAR IMPROVED OXIDATION STABILITY, ANTI WEAR ENGINE TESTS REQUIRED ENGINE TESTS REQUIRED CRC L-38 : CORROSIVE WEAR PARTICULARLY IN BEARINGS CRC L-38 : CORROSIVE WEAR PARTICULARLY IN BEARINGS SEQUENCE IID : RUST SEQUENCE IID : RUST SEQUENCE IIID : OIL OXIDATION / WEAR SEQUENCE IIID : OIL OXIDATION / WEAR SEQUENCE VD : DISPERANCY / WEAR SEQUENCE VD : DISPERANCY / WEAR

51 PERFORMANCE ATTRIBUTES API SG API SG 1989 GASOLINE ENGINE SERVICE TYPICAL OF PASSENGER CARS, VANS & LIGHT TRUCKS 1989 GASOLINE ENGINE SERVICE TYPICAL OF PASSENGER CARS, VANS & LIGHT TRUCKS IMPROVED DEPOSIT CONTROL, RUST PROTECTION, OIL OXIDATION CONTROL IMPROVED DEPOSIT CONTROL, RUST PROTECTION, OIL OXIDATION CONTROL ENGINE TESTS REQUIRED ENGINE TESTS REQUIRED CRC L-38 : CORROSIVE WEAR PARTICULARLY IN BEARINGS CRC L-38 : CORROSIVE WEAR PARTICULARLY IN BEARINGS SEQUENCE IID : RUST SEQUENCE IID : RUST SEQUENCE IIIE : OIL OXIDATION / WEAR SEQUENCE IIIE : OIL OXIDATION / WEAR SEQUENCE VE : DISPERANCY / WEAR SEQUENCE VE : DISPERANCY / WEAR CAT 1H2 : PISTON DEPOSIT CAT 1H2 : PISTON DEPOSIT

52 OEMs REQUIREMENTS MARUTI UDYOG MARUTI UDYOG HM HM PAL PAL DCM DAEWOO DCM DAEWOO FORD ESCORT FORD ESCORT OPEL ASTRA OPEL ASTRA FIAT-UNO FIAT-UNO PAL-PEUGEOT PAL-PEUGEOT API SF,API SG API SF API SG API SH API SG 20W-40 15W-40 10W-30 20W-50 15W-40 20W-50

53 PERFORMANCE BENEFITS: Outstanding engine cleanliness Excellent oxidation stability Improved wear protection Extended engine life Improved fuel economy All the year round protection Compatible with catalytic converter APPLICATION AREAS Engine oil for all passenger cars HP EXTRA SUPER MOTOR OIL 20W-40 SPECIFICATION API SF/CC, MIL-L-46152B & E-PL2/E-DL1 of IS: PACKAGES 500 ml, 3 It & 5 It

54 SPECIAL FEATURES A premium quality multigrade engine oil which provides outstanding performance in all petrol engine passenger cars SPECIFICATIONS API SG/CD, MIL-L-46152D & E-PL3/E-DL2 of APPLICATION AREAS Engine oil for all passenger cars PERFORMANCE BENEFITS Outstanding engine cleanliness & enhanced engine life Excellent lubrication over a wide temperature range Improved fuel economy Compatible with catalytic converter Noise Free Operation HP CRUISE 15W-40

55 New Tests Sequence IIIF Sequence IIIF Oil Oxidation, In block Cam & Lifter Wear Oil Oxidation, In block Cam & Lifter Wear 80 hr test against 64 hr in earlier category 80 hr test against 64 hr in earlier category Used Oil Visc MRV TP Used Oil Visc MRV TP Sequence IVA Sequence IVA Over Head Cam, Slider Follower Wear Over Head Cam, Slider Follower Wear New test New test Sequence VG Sequence VG Sludge & Filter Chocking, Piston Skirt Varnish Sludge & Filter Chocking, Piston Skirt Varnish 216 hr test 216 hr test 4.6 lt engine replacing earlier 2.2 lt 4.6 lt engine replacing earlier 2.2 lt Sequence VIII Sequence VIII Cu, Pb Bearing Corrosion Cu, Pb Bearing Corrosion Replaces old L-38 test Replaces old L-38 test

56 New Tests Noack Noack Volatility with Stricter limits Volatility with Stricter limits Filterability / Water Tolerance Filterability / Water Tolerance EOFT EOFT EOWTT EOWTT Foam Foam Stricter High temp Foam limits Stricter High temp Foam limits Gelation Index Gelation Index

57 API SL API SL ACEA A3/B3 ACEA A3/B3 SAE 10W-40 SAE 10W-40 Long Drain, km Long Drain, km Reduced Emission, BS III Reduced Emission, BS III Fuel Efficient Fuel Efficient Tried & Approved Tried & Approved

58


Download ppt "ENGINE OILS. Engine Principles and Layout APR1 52 7-11-02."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google