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Motor Oil & Lube, Oil, Filter (LOF) Mr. Lombardi.

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Presentation on theme: "Motor Oil & Lube, Oil, Filter (LOF) Mr. Lombardi."— Presentation transcript:

1 Motor Oil & Lube, Oil, Filter (LOF) Mr. Lombardi

2 Why Change Motor Oil? Remove Suspended Contaminants Remove Suspended Contaminants Replenish Additives Replenish Additives

3 Motor Oil Spark Ignition Engines Spark Ignition Engines SA through SM SA through SM SM: For all automotive engines currently in use. Introduced November 30, 2004, SM oils are designed to provide improved oxidation resistance, improved deposit protection, better wear protection, and better low-temperature performance over the life of the oil. SM: For all automotive engines currently in use. Introduced November 30, 2004, SM oils are designed to provide improved oxidation resistance, improved deposit protection, better wear protection, and better low-temperature performance over the life of the oil. Compression Ignition Engines Compression Ignition Engines CA through CI-4 CA through CI-4 CI-4: Introduced in For high-speed, four-stroke engines designed to meet 2004 exhaust emission standards implemented in CI-4: Introduced in For high-speed, four-stroke engines designed to meet 2004 exhaust emission standards implemented in 2002.

4 API Certification Mark An oil displaying this mark meets the current engine protection standard and fuel economy requirements An oil displaying this mark meets the current engine protection standard and fuel economy requirements

5 API Donut (Gas) 1 - Gasoline engine oil categories 1 - Gasoline engine oil categories 2 – Viscosity Grade 2 – Viscosity Grade 3 – Energy Conserving 3 – Energy Conserving 1 2 3

6 API Donut (Diesel) 1 - Diesel engine oil categories 1 - Diesel engine oil categories 2 – Viscosity Grade 2 – Viscosity Grade 3 – NOT Energy Conserving 3 – NOT Energy Conserving 1 2 3

7 API Donut (combo) 1 - Gasoline engine oil categories 1 - Gasoline engine oil categories 2 – Diesel engine oil categories 2 – Diesel engine oil categories 3 - Viscosity Grade 3 - Viscosity Grade 4 – Energy Conserving 4 – Energy Conserving

8 Oil Viscosity Multi-grade oils such as SAE 5W-30 and 10W-30 are the most widely used. Multi-grade oils such as SAE 5W-30 and 10W-30 are the most widely used. They are thin enough to flow at low temperatures and thick enough to perform satisfactorily at high temperatures. They are thin enough to flow at low temperatures and thick enough to perform satisfactorily at high temperatures. For use under all but extremely hot or cold conditions For use under all but extremely hot or cold conditions

9 Oil Viscosity

10 Conventional Vs. Synthetic Conventional motor oils are derived from petroleum Conventional motor oils are derived from petroleum Cheap Cheap Many contaminants Many contaminants

11 Conventional Vs. Synthetic Synthetic oils are replicas manufactured from chemicals in a laboratory Synthetic oils are replicas manufactured from chemicals in a laboratory Have a pure base Have a pure base Increase drain intervals Increase drain intervals 2-5 X 2-5 X

12 Oil Filter Used to strain the engine oil thus removing abrasive particles. Used to strain the engine oil thus removing abrasive particles. Spin-On - can-like container Spin-On - can-like container Cartridge - look like small air filters which fit into a canister. Cartridge - look like small air filters which fit into a canister.

13 Lube, Oil, and Filter Remove Filter Remove Filter Using an oil filter wrench, turn the filter counterclockwise until it's free. Using an oil filter wrench, turn the filter counterclockwise until it's free. Be careful with it, it's still full of old oil. Be careful with it, it's still full of old oil.

14 Lube, Oil, and Filter Prepare Filter Prepare Filter Clean filter mounting surface Clean filter mounting surface Lubricate the rubber gasket on the end of the filter with some new oil. Lubricate the rubber gasket on the end of the filter with some new oil. Prime filter (if feasible) Prime filter (if feasible)

15 Lube, Oil, and Filter Install Filter Install Filter You don't need a wrench to install the new oil filter You don't need a wrench to install the new oil filter 3/4 to 1 Full turn after the gasket touches the housing 3/4 to 1 Full turn after the gasket touches the housing

16 Lube, Oil, and Filter Drain Oil Drain Oil Remove plug Remove plug Be careful of HOT oil Be careful of HOT oil

17 Lube, Oil, and Filter Lube Chassis and Suspension Lube Chassis and Suspension Ball Joints Ball Joints Tie Rod Ends Tie Rod Ends Drive-train Drive-train See Pic Next See Pic Next

18 Lube Chassis

19 Lube, Oil, and Filter Check Differential Fluids (if equipped) Check Differential Fluids (if equipped) Rear Axle Rear Axle Transfer Case Transfer Case Front Axle Front Axle See Pic Next See Pic Next

20 Differentials

21 Lube, Oil, and Filter Check Tire Pressure Check Tire Pressure Fill to Tire Specs Fill to Tire Specs

22 Lube, Oil, and Filter Install drain plug to manufactures torque specs Install drain plug to manufactures torque specs

23 Lube, Oil, and Filter Refill Motor Oil Refill Motor Oil Check ShopKey for quantity and Viscosity Check ShopKey for quantity and Viscosity Check Under Hood fluids Check Under Hood fluids P/S P/S Brake Brake Coolant Coolant

24 Lube, Oil, and Filter Run Engine Run Engine Check for oil pressure Check for oil pressure Check for leaks Check for leaks Check ATF Check ATF

25 Lube, Oil, and Filter Shut off Engine Shut off Engine Lube hood and door hinges Lube hood and door hinges Check oil level Check oil level Top off as necessary Top off as necessary

26 The End


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