Location O Gonads in the female body are the ovaries, located inside the abdomen. O The male gonads are called testicles, located in the scrotum.
Role and Function O Make gametes or haploid germ cells O Sex cells are the gametes
Hormones Secreted O Testosterone O Progesterone O Estrogen
Testosterone O Increased growth of body hair on face, chest, axillary region, pubic region, lowers voice, thickening of skin.
Progesterone O Promote change in the uterus during the female reproductive cycle, affects the mammary glands, and regulates gonadotropins from the anterior pituitary
Estrogen O Development of the breasts and the ductile system of the mammary glands in the breasts O Increased disposition of adipose tissue in the subcutaneous layer generally and in the breasts, thighs and buttochs particularly O Increased vascularization of the skin.
Cancer O Testicular Cancer O Causes: exact cause is unknown O Abnormal testicle development O Klinefelter Syndrome O Symptoms O Discomfort or pain in the testicle, or a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum O Pain in the back or lower abdomen O Ovarian Cancer O Causes O Family History O Age (occurs more in women over 65 years old) O Symptoms: not all due to cancer O Pressure/pain in abdomen, pelvis, back, legs O Nausea, indigestion, gas, constipation, or diarrhea
Klinefelter Syndrome O Causes O Having one extra X chromosome O Symptoms O Abnormal body proportions (long legs, short trunk, shoulder equal to hip size) O Abnormally large breasts O Infertility O Sexual problems O Less than normal amount of pubic, armpit, and facial hair O Small, firm testicles
Interesting Facts O The survival rate of testicular cancer patients in the early stage is 95% O Testicular cancer is the most common form of cancer in men between the ages of 15 and O Klinefelter syndrome also increases your risk of: O ADHD O Breast cancer O Learning disabilities (ex. Dyslexia) O Depression
Bibliography O Book O Sheir, David and Jackie Butler and Ricki Lewis. Hole’s essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology. New York: McGraw- Hill Higher Education, 2009. Print.
Quiz 1. What hormone is NOT secreted by the gonad glands? A. Estrogen B. Androgen C. Progesterone D. Testosterone 2. Ovarian Cancer occurs more in women ____. A. who are between 30-50 years old B. who have been pregnant C. who are over 65 years old D. who have diabetes 3. The survival rate of testicular cancer patients in the early stage is: A. 65% B. 70% C. 85% D. 95% 4. What causes Klinefelter Syndrome? Having one extra X chromosome.