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By Cody Findling, Jennifer Fierro-Padilla, Sierra Falkowski, and Rebecca Peraza A1.

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Presentation on theme: "By Cody Findling, Jennifer Fierro-Padilla, Sierra Falkowski, and Rebecca Peraza A1."— Presentation transcript:

1 By Cody Findling, Jennifer Fierro-Padilla, Sierra Falkowski, and Rebecca Peraza A1

2 Endocrine System O Endocrine System : The endocrine system regulates the functions of the organs in the body by using all of the glands and the hormones they produce to maintain homeostasis.

3 Gonad Glands

4 Location O Gonads in the female body are the ovaries, located inside the abdomen. O The male gonads are called testicles, located in the scrotum.

5 Role and Function O Make gametes or haploid germ cells O Sex cells are the gametes

6 Hormones Secreted O Testosterone O Progesterone O Estrogen

7 Testosterone O Increased growth of body hair on face, chest, axillary region, pubic region, lowers voice, thickening of skin.

8 Progesterone O Promote change in the uterus during the female reproductive cycle, affects the mammary glands, and regulates gonadotropins from the anterior pituitary

9 Estrogen O Development of the breasts and the ductile system of the mammary glands in the breasts O Increased disposition of adipose tissue in the subcutaneous layer generally and in the breasts, thighs and buttochs particularly O Increased vascularization of the skin.

10 Cancer O Testicular Cancer O Causes: exact cause is unknown O Abnormal testicle development O Klinefelter Syndrome O Symptoms O Discomfort or pain in the testicle, or a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum O Pain in the back or lower abdomen O Ovarian Cancer O Causes O Family History O Age (occurs more in women over 65 years old) O Symptoms: not all due to cancer O Pressure/pain in abdomen, pelvis, back, legs O Nausea, indigestion, gas, constipation, or diarrhea

11 Klinefelter Syndrome O Causes O Having one extra X chromosome O Symptoms O Abnormal body proportions (long legs, short trunk, shoulder equal to hip size) O Abnormally large breasts O Infertility O Sexual problems O Less than normal amount of pubic, armpit, and facial hair O Small, firm testicles

12 Interesting Facts O The survival rate of testicular cancer patients in the early stage is 95% O Testicular cancer is the most common form of cancer in men between the ages of 15 and O Klinefelter syndrome also increases your risk of: O ADHD O Breast cancer O Learning disabilities (ex. Dyslexia) O Depression

13 Bibliography O Book O Sheir, David and Jackie Butler and Ricki Lewis. Hole’s essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology. New York: McGraw- Hill Higher Education, Print.

14 Quiz 1. What hormone is NOT secreted by the gonad glands? A. Estrogen B. Androgen C. Progesterone D. Testosterone 2. Ovarian Cancer occurs more in women ____. A. who are between years old B. who have been pregnant C. who are over 65 years old D. who have diabetes 3. The survival rate of testicular cancer patients in the early stage is: A. 65% B. 70% C. 85% D. 95% 4. What causes Klinefelter Syndrome? Having one extra X chromosome.


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