2Endocrine SystemThe endocrine system is a collection of glands, each of which secrets different types of hormones that regulates metabolism, growth and development, tissue function, sexual function, reproduction, sleep and mood, among other things.The endocrine system Is one of the most important systems because it roduces and manages our hormones making sure there is a balances amount
3Gonad GlandsGonads are the organs that make gametes. The gonads in males are the testes and in females they are the ovaries.Gametes are haploid germ cells. In males they are spermatozoon and in the females they are the egg cells
4LocationWomen: ovaries; on both sides of the uterus below the opening of the fallopian tubesMen: testes; hang in a pouch of skin called a scrotum outside the male body
5Role & FunctionThe gonads are the male or female sex organs. They make sperm and egg cells.
6Hormones Females: estrogen and progesterone Males: testosterone androsterone
7Estrogen and Progesterone Controls a woman’s menstrual cycleCyclic changes inside the uterus:1. The development, ripening, and discharge of the egg (ovulation) to be fertilized2. The preparation of the lining of the uterus to receive a fertilized egg3. Dismantling of the lining
8TestosteroneTestosterone is the most active and abundant of the androgens. It helps grow facial hair and helps to create/grow the male reproductive system
9AndrosteroneAndrosterone is one of the androgens, which are steroid hormones that affect the masculinization of the fetus and child that maintain or create masculine traits in adults.
10Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism Causes and SymptomsDiagramDescription: a condition in which the gonad glands produce little or no sex hormones.Causes:a lack of hormones that stimulate the ovaries or testes (FSH)Genetic defectsHigh doses or long-term use of opioid or steroid medicationsSymptoms:Females: Lack of breasts and menstrual periodsMales: No development of sex characteristicsBoth: Inability to smell, short stature, lack of development at puberty
11Description, Causes, & Symptoms MenopauseDescription, Causes, & SymptomsDiagramDescription: When a woman does not produce eggs anymore and menstruation has stopped completelyCauses:A woman’s ovaries stop making eggs and they produce less estrogen and progesteroneSymptoms:Irregular menstrual periods, estrogen/progesterone levels decrease, egg production becomes infrequent
12Fun FactsFemales are born with all the eggs they will ever have. Males don't start to make sperm until puberty, and continue to make new supplies their whole life.The testes hang away from the body in the scrotum because sperm needs to be kept a few degrees cooler than body temperature to function best.The testis are kept separate from the rest of the body by something called the 'blood-testis barrier'. This stops the immune system from seeing the testes, because it would see the sperm cells as foreign and try to destroy them.The gonads in both sexes are the main source of sex steroid hormones (estrogen and progesterone in females, testosterone in males)
13BibliographiesDiagram showing Gonad diseases. Wkimedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar <http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/5/51/Diagram_showing_the_disruption_of_the_hormonal_pathways_of_puberty_due_to_the_failure_of_GnRH_release_seen_in_KS_and_HH.gif>.Endocrine System Diagram. Pauerhome. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar <http://www.pauerhome.com/ryan/endocrine_system/endocrine_system_diagrams/gonads_diagram.jpg>.FAQs. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar <http://www.faqs.org/health-encyc/Diseases-of-The-Body/Diseases-of-the-Endocrine-Glands.html#b>.Fertilization. Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sperm-egg.jpg>."The Gonads." FAQs. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar <http://www.faqs.org/health-encyc/Your-Body/The-Endocrine-Glands-The-gonads.html>.Gonads. Medicalook. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar <http://www.medicalook.com/systems_images/Gonads_large.gif>."Human Gonad." Wikipedia. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Wikipedia. Web. 8 Mar <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_gonad>."Spermatozoon." Wikipedia. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Wikipedia. Web. 8 Mar <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spermatozoon>.Testicle. Medical.cdn.patient.co.uk. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar <http://medical.cdn.patient.co.uk/images/146.gif>."Uterus." WiseGeek. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar <http://images.wisegeek.com/b85850ab01f30cb0d3e105ab165533e1.jpg>.Shmaefsky, Brian R. "Gonads." Applied Anatomy & Physiology. N.p.: n.p., 2007. Print. "Menopause." A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. Print. Androsterone. Ebay. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Mar <http://reviews.ebay.com/ What-Are-PROHORMONES-Guide?ugid= >. "Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism." PubMed Health. N.p., 16 Aug Web. 10 Mar. 2013. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH />.
14Concept Check 1. The gonad in males is/are A) testosterone B) ovaries C) TestesD) Scrotum2. The gonads in females is/areA) estrogenB) OvariesC) WombD) Fallopian tubes3. The role of Gonads in males is toA) make egg cellsB) make sperm cellsC) help with hair growthD) protect organs4.Open Ended: What is the function of the gonads in the human body?
15CBGonads are the organs that make gametes. The gonads in males are the testes and in females they are the ovaries.